CDC - Volume 14, Number 12—December 2008 - Dispatch - Avian Influenza Outbreaks in Chickens, Bangladesh Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Manual on the preparation of rinderpest contingency plans T.U. Obi Visiting Scientist, EMPRES/Infectious Diseases Group, Animal Health Service, FAO, Rome Professor of Veterinary Medicine, University of lbadan, Ibadan, Nigeria P.L. Roeder Animal Health Officer, EMPRES/Infectious Diseases Group, Animal Health Service, FAO, Rome W.A.Geering Consultant, EMPRES/Infectious Diseases Group, FAO,Rome Former Director, Animal and Plant Health, Bureau of Resource Sciences and Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer, Commonwealth of Australia
Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, June 2006, p. 671-677, Vol. 13, No. 6 Detection of Anthrax Toxin in the Serum of Animals Infect + Author Affiliations Several strategies that target anthrax toxin are being developed as therapies for infection by Bacillus anthracis. Although the action of the tripartite anthrax toxin has been extensively studied in vitro, relatively little is known about the presence of toxins during an infection in vivo. We developed a series of sensitive sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for detection of both the protective antigen (PA) and lethal factor (LF) components of the anthrax exotoxin in serum. The assays utilize as capture agents an engineered high-affinity antibody to PA, a soluble form of the extracellular domain of the anthrax toxin receptor (ANTXR2/CMG2), or PA itself.
PLOS 26/04/11 Live Bird Markets of Bangladesh: H9N2 Viruses and the Near Absence of Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Influenza Avian influenza surveillance in Bangladesh has been passive, relying on poultry farmers to report suspected outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza. Here, the results of an active surveillance effort focusing on the live-bird markets are presented. Prevalence of influenza infection in the birds of the live bird markets is 23.0%, which is similar to that in poultry markets in other countries. Nearly all of the isolates (94%) were of the non-pathogenic H9N2 subtype, but viruses of the H1N2, H1N3, H3N6, H4N2, H5N1, and H10N7 subtypes were also observed. The highly pathogenic H5N1-subtype virus was observed at extremely low prevalence in the surveillance samples (0.08%), and we suggest that the current risk of infection for humans in the retail poultry markets in Bangladesh is negligible.
EID 25/06/02 Prevalence, Distribution, and Host Range of Peste des petits ruminants virus, Turke Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People.™ PLOS 05/06/14 Interactions between Bacillus anthracis and Plants May Promote Anthrax Transmission Abstract Environmental reservoirs are essential in the maintenance and transmission of anthrax but are poorly characterized. The anthrax agent, Bacillus anthracis was long considered an obligate pathogen that is dormant and passively transmitted in the environment. However, a growing number of laboratory studies indicate that, like some of its close relatives, B. anthracis has some activity outside of its vertebrate hosts. Here we show in the field that B. anthracis has significant interactions with a grass that could promote anthrax spore transmission to grazing hosts.
PLOS 21/03/12 Ecological Determinants of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) Outbreaks in Bangladesh Background The agro-ecology and poultry husbandry of the south Asian and south-east Asian countries share common features, however, with noticeable differences. Hence, the ecological determinants associated with risk of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI-H5N1) outbreaks are expected to differ between Bangladesh and e.g., Thailand and Vietnam. The primary aim of the current study was to establish ecological determinants associated with the risk of HPAI-H5N1 outbreaks at subdistrict level in Bangladesh.
EFSA 13/01/15 Scientific Opinion on peste des petits ruminants EFSA Journal 2015;13(1):3985[94 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2015.3985 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2013-01034 Adopted: 03 December 2014 Published: 13 January 2015 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW Panel) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on peste des petits ruminants (PPR), in order to provide an update on the characterisation of the disease; to assess the risk of introduction into the European Union (EU) and the speed of spread, the risk of becoming endemic and its impact; and to determine if further measures are justified. This request is linked to PPR being currently reported in Turkey and several other Northern African countries.
PLOS 09/06/16 Redefining the Australian Anthrax Belt: Modeling the Ecological Niche and Predicting the Geographic Distribution of Bacillus anthracis Abstract The ecology and distribution of B. anthracis in Australia is not well understood, despite the continued occurrence of anthrax outbreaks in the eastern states of the country. Efforts to estimate the spatial extent of the risk of disease have been limited to a qualitative definition of an anthrax belt extending from southeast Queensland through the centre of New South Wales and into northern Victoria. This definition of the anthrax belt does not consider the role of environmental conditions in the distribution of B. anthracis. Here, we used the genetic algorithm for rule-set prediction model system (GARP), historical anthrax outbreaks and environmental data to model the ecological niche of B. anthracis and predict its potential geographic distribution in Australia.
CDC EID – DEC 2012 – Au sommaire: Controlling Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, Bangladesh Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People.™ CDC EID - Volume 21, Number 4—April 2015 Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus in Heilongjiang Province, China, 2014 Author affiliations: Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Harbin, China (J. Wang, S. Wang, Z. NATIONAL ACADEMY OF AGRARIAN SCIENCES OF UKRAINE - 2015 - JOURNAL FOR VETERINARY MEDICINE, BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOSAFETY Au sommaire notamment : MODERN TURKISH APPROACHES TO SOILS' DECONTAMINATION FROM ANTHRAX' AGENT WITH ATTENTION TO UKRAINE NEEDS Issue 1 Journal for Veterinary Medicine, Biotechnology and Biosafety Volume 1, Issue 1, March 2015, Pages 32–38
BDNEWS 18/09/11 B'desh to help make bird flu vaccine Nurul Islam Hasib bdnews24.com Senior Correspondent Dhaka, Sep 18 (bdnews24.com) – Bangladesh will share a new strain of bird flu virus, identified as a possible pandemic threat, with US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (US CDC) to develop 'seed virus,' key ingredient to make a vaccine in emergency. "We will share the vaccine for scientific use," health secretary Muhammad Humayun Kabir told bdnews24.com on Sunday as he confirmed about the sharing of the H9N2 strain of bird flu—A/Bangladesh/0994/2011 (H9N2). The strain was found in humans in March and recently confirmed by US CDC after its sequencing. The Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) has detected the virus, mild in nature, through its countrywide surveillance. "But it has the potential to be a pandemic threat," IEDCR director Prof Mahmudur Rahman said, sounding the alarm, as the virus can reassort with H5N1—also 'widespread' in the country—with its changing strains.