background preloader

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
What is Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)? When in danger, it’s natural to feel afraid. This fear triggers many split-second changes in the body to prepare to defend against the danger or to avoid it. This “fight-or-flight” response is a healthy reaction meant to protect a person from harm. PTSD develops after a terrifying ordeal that involved physical harm or the threat of physical harm. PTSD was first brought to public attention in relation to war veterans, but it can result from a variety of traumatic incidents, such as mugging, rape, torture, being kidnapped or held captive, child abuse, car accidents, train wrecks, plane crashes, bombings, or natural disasters such as floods or earthquakes. Causes Genes. Stathmin, a protein needed to form fear memories. GRP (gastrin-releasing peptide), a signaling chemical in the brain released during emotional events. Brain Areas. The Next Steps for PTSD Research Signs & Symptoms PTSD can cause many symptoms. 1. 2. 3. Who Is At Risk? Diagnosis

Complex PTSD The diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder ( PTSD ) accurately describes the symptoms that result when a person experiences a short-lived trauma. For example, car accidents, natural disasters, and rape are considered traumatic events of time-limited duration. Complex PTSD, however, is the result of long-term trauma. These are chronic traumas that continue for months or even years at a time. The reason complex PTSD is separated from PTSD is that doctors and researchers have found that the current PTSD diagnosis often does not capture the severe psychological harm that occurs with such prolonged, repeated trauma. During long-term traumas, the victim is generally held in a state of captivity. Examples of captivity include: Concentration camps Prisoner of war (POW) camps Prostitution brothels Long-term domestic violence Long-term, severe physical abuse Child sexual abuse Organized child exploitation rings.

Other info needed Why Passive Aggression Thrives in the Workplace Passive aggressive behavior is the perfect crime when it comes to sabotaging workplace productivity and souring office morale. Defined as a “deliberate and masked way of expressing covert feelings of anger” (Long, Long & Whitson, 2009), passive aggression, by its very nature, occurs through covert and “justifiable” actions that evade Human Resources’ disciplinary action while undermining authority and disrupting work flow. What makes workplaces so vulnerable to passive aggressive behavior? The Time Factor Other than home, many adults spend more time at work than anywhere else. For the person who has difficulty communicating honestly and directly, he will play out his passive aggressive style wherever he spends a great deal of time. Relationships Happen Whether strictly business or over friendly lunches, enduring relationships develop in most workplaces and within relationships, passive aggression occurs. Honesty is Not Always Professional It’s Personal, Not Business You Remind Me of My Mom

Depression What Is Depression? Everyone occasionally feels blue or sad. But these feelings are usually short-lived and pass within a couple of days. When you have depression, it interferes with daily life and causes pain for both you and those who care about you. Depression is a common but serious illness. Many people with a depressive illness never seek treatment. There are several forms of depressive disorders. Major depression,—severe symptoms that interfere with your ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy life. Persistent depressive disorder—depressed mood that lasts for at least 2 years. Some forms of depression are slightly different, or they may develop under unique circumstances. Bipolar disorder, also called manic-depressive illness, is not as common as major depression or persistent depressive disorder. Causes Most likely, depression is caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Depressive illnesses are disorders of the brain. Diagnosis

After Fort Hood, White House says more must be done to help troubled veterans While stressing it’s too early to speculate on the cause of Wednesday’s deadly shooting at Fort Hood, the White House said there is “work that remains to be done” to ensure the nation’s veterans have the care and treatment they need. White House press secretary Jay Carney told reporters Thursday that President Obama continues to receive regular updates about the shooting, which left four dead, 16 others injured and brought back haunting memories of the 2009 massacre that left claimed 13 lives on the same military base. SEE ALSO: Army: Fort Hood gunman showed no previous violence Mr. Carney said the Department of Defense will lead an investigation into the tragedy and that the administration will “utilize every resource” to get to the bottom of what happened. The alleged gunman, Spc. Mr. “This administration has been committed to upholding our sacred trust with America’s veterans, its wounded warriors and their families. While returning home on Air Force One, Mr.

Bipolar Disorder What Is Bipolar Disorder? Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. Causes Scientists are studying the possible causes of bipolar disorder. Genetics Bipolar disorder tends to run in families. Technological advances are improving genetic research on bipolar disorder. Scientists are also studying illnesses with similar symptoms such as depression and schizophrenia to identify genetic differences that may increase a person's risk for developing bipolar disorder. But genes are not the only risk factor for bipolar disorder. Brain structure and functioning Brain-imaging tools, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), allow researchers to take pictures of the living brain at work. Signs & Symptoms Bipolar disorder usually lasts a lifetime. Who Is At Risk? Diagnosis