Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
What is Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)? When in danger, it’s natural to feel afraid. This fear triggers many split-second changes in the body to prepare to defend against the danger or to avoid it. This “fight-or-flight” response is a healthy reaction meant to protect a person from harm. PTSD develops after a terrifying ordeal that involved physical harm or the threat of physical harm. PTSD was first brought to public attention in relation to war veterans, but it can result from a variety of traumatic incidents, such as mugging, rape, torture, being kidnapped or held captive, child abuse, car accidents, train wrecks, plane crashes, bombings, or natural disasters such as floods or earthquakes. Causes Genes. Stathmin, a protein needed to form fear memories. GRP (gastrin-releasing peptide), a signaling chemical in the brain released during emotional events. Brain Areas. The Next Steps for PTSD Research Signs & Symptoms PTSD can cause many symptoms. 1. 2. 3. Who Is At Risk? Diagnosis
Related: Mental disorders in primary care
• What is trauma?