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Daniel Kahneman

Daniel Kahneman
Related:  Cognitive Psychology

Jonathan Haidt Education and career[edit] Haidt was born in New York City and raised in Scarsdale, New York. He earned a BA in philosophy from Yale University in 1985, and a PhD in psychology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1992. He then studied cultural psychology at the University of Chicago as a post-doctoral fellow. In 1999 Haidt became active in the new field of positive psychology, studying positive moral emotions. Research Contributions[edit] Haidt’s research on morality has led to publications and theoretical advances in four primary areas: The Social Intuitionist Model[edit] Haidt’s principle line of research since graduate school has been on the nature and mechanisms of moral judgment. Moral Disgust[edit] Together with Paul Rozin and Clark McCauley, Haidt developed the Disgust Scale,[11] which has been widely used to measure individual differences in sensitivity to disgust. Moral Elevation[edit] Moral Foundations Theory[edit] Elephant and Rider Metaphor[edit] Criticism[edit] See also[edit]

Sunday Night Futures by Bill McBride on 9/22/2013 09:59:00 PM From Jon Hilsenrath at the WSJ: Yellen Would Bring Tougher Tone to Fed Janet Yellen, the lead candidate to succeed Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke, brings a demanding and harder-driving leadership style to the central bank, in contrast to Mr. Bernanke's low-key and often understated approach.Ms. Yellen, the Fed vice chairwoman, is highly regarded by many central bank staff members, who call her an effective leader with a sharp mind. I believe Yellen will be an excellent Fed Chair. Monday: • 8:30 AM ET, the Chicago Fed National Activity Index for August. • At 9:00 AM, the Markit US PMI Manufacturing Index Flash for September. Weekend: • Schedule for Week of September 22nd • Preliminary annual Employment benchmark revision to be released Thursday The Nikkei is down about 0.2%. From CNBC: Pre-Market Data and Bloomberg futures: the S&P futures are flat and DOW futures are up slightly (fair value).

Herb Kelleher Herbert "Herb" David Kelleher (born March 12, 1931) is the co-founder, Chairman Emeritus, and former CEO of Southwest Airlines (based in the United States). Early life and career[edit] Kelleher was born in Camden, New Jersey on March 12, 1931 and raised in Audubon, New Jersey, where he graduated from Haddon Heights High School.[1] He has a bachelor's degree from Wesleyan University where he was an Olin Scholar and where his major was English and his minor Philosophy, and a Juris Doctor from New York University where he was a Root-Tilden Scholar.[2] At Wesleyan he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. He is married to the former Joan Negley and they have four children. Career[edit] The Kellehers moved to Texas intending to start a law firm or a business. In July 2010 Kelleher was appointed Chair of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas board of directors for 2011.[5] Kelleher's term will expire in 2013. Awards[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

Control theory The concept of the feedback loop to control the dynamic behavior of the system: this is negative feedback, because the sensed value is subtracted from the desired value to create the error signal, which is amplified by the controller. Extensive use is usually made of a diagrammatic style known as the block diagram. The transfer function, also known as the system function or network function, is a mathematical representation of the relation between the input and output based on the differential equations describing the system. Although a major application of control theory is in control systems engineering, which deals with the design of process control systems for industry, other applications range far beyond this. Overview[edit] Smooth nonlinear trajectory planning with linear quadratic Gaussian feedback (LQR) control on a dual pendula system. Control theory is An example[edit] Classification[edit] Linear control theory vs Nonlinear control theory History[edit] Classical control theory[edit]

Dual process theory In psychology, a dual process theory provides an account of how a phenomenon can occur in two different ways, or as a result of two different processes. Often, the two processes consist of an implicit (automatic), unconscious process and an explicit (controlled), conscious process. Verbalized explicit processes or attitudes and actions may change with persuasion or education; though implicit process or attitudes usually take a long amount of time to change with the forming of new habits. Dual process theories can be found in social, personality, cognitive, and clinical psychology. History[edit] The foundations of dual process theory likely comes from William James. Jonathan Evans suggested dual process theory in 1984. Richard E. Steven Sloman produced another interpretation on dual processing in 1996. Daniel Kahneman provided further interpretation by differentiating the two styles of processing more, calling them intuition and reasoning in 2003. Theories[edit] Dual coding[edit]

Pareto principle The Pareto Principle asserts that only a "vital few" peapods produce the majority of peas. The Pareto principle (also known as the 80/20 rule, the law of the vital few, or the principle of factor sparsity)[1][2] states that, for many events, roughly 80% of the effects come from 20% of the causes.[3] Management consultant Joseph M. Juran suggested the principle and named it after Italian economist Vilfredo Pareto, who noted the 80/20 connection while at the University of Lausanne in 1896, as published in his first work, Cours d'économie politique. It is an axiom of business management that "80% of sales come from 20% of clients".[4] Richard Koch authored the book, The 80/20 Principle, which illustrated some practical applications of the Pareto principle in business management and life.[5] The Pareto principle is only tangentially related to Pareto efficiency. In economics[edit] The original observation was in connection with population and wealth. In software[edit] In sports[edit]

Eugène Schueller Eugène Paul Louis Schueller (20 March 1881 Paris – 23 August 1957) was the founder of L'Oréal, the world's leading company in cosmetics and beauty. He was one of the founders of modern advertising. Career with L'Oréal[edit] As a young French chemist and 1904 graduate of the Institut de Chimie Appliquée de Paris (now Chimie ParisTech), Eugene Schueller developed in 1907 an innovative hair-color formula. In 1909, he registered his company, the "Société Française de Teintures Inoffensives pour Cheveux", the future L'Oréal. Controversy[edit] During the early twentieth century, Schueller provided financial support and held meetings for La Cagoule at L'Oréal headquarters. Family[edit] Schueller's daughter, Liliane Bettencourt, is the widow of André Bettencourt with whom she had one daughter, Françoise Bettencourt Meyers, a member of L'Oréal's board of directors. Legacy[edit] The head office of L'Oréal in Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine is named Centre Eugène Schueller.[3] References[edit]

Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau (/ruːˈsoʊ/;[1] French: [ʒɑ̃ʒak ʁuso]; 28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological, and educational thought. Biography[edit] Youth[edit] Rousseau was born in Geneva, which was at the time a city-state and a Protestant associate of the Swiss Confederacy. Rousseau was proud that his family, of the moyen order (or middle-class), had voting rights in the city. Geneva, in theory, was governed democratically by its male voting "citizens". There was much political debate within Geneva, extending down to the tradespeople. The house where Rousseau was born at number 40, Grand-Rue. The trade of watchmaking had become a family tradition by the time of Rousseau's father, Isaac Rousseau. He and his older brother François were brought up by their father and a paternal aunt, also named Suzanne.

Knowledge representation and reasoning Knowledge representation and reasoning (KR) is the field of artificial intelligence (AI) devoted to representing information about the world in a form that a computer system can utilize to solve complex tasks such as diagnosing a medical condition or having a dialog in a natural language. Knowledge representation incorporates findings from psychology about how humans solve problems and represent knowledge in order to design formalisms that will make complex systems easier to design and build. Knowledge representation and reasoning also incorporates findings from logic to automate various kinds of reasoning, such as the application of rules or the relations of sets and subsets. Examples of knowledge representation formalisms include semantic nets, Frames, Rules, and ontologies. Overview[edit] The starting point for knowledge representation is the knowledge representation hypothesis first formalized by Brian C. This hypothesis was not always taken as a given by researchers. History[edit]

Michael Dell Michael Saul Dell (born February 23, 1965) is an American business magnate, investor, philanthropist, and author. He is known as the founder and CEO of Dell Inc., one of the world’s leading sellers of personal computers (PCs). He was ranked the 41st richest person in the world on 2012 Forbes list of billionaires, with a net worth of US$15.9 billion as of March 2012.[1] In 2011, his 243.35 million shares of Dell stock were worth $3.5 billion, giving him 12% ownership of the company.[2] His remaining wealth of roughly $10 billion is invested in other companies and is managed by a firm whose name, MSD Capital, incorporates Dell's initials.[3] On January 5, 2013 it was announced that Michael Dell had bid to take Dell Inc. private for $24.4 billion in the biggest leveraged buyout since the Great Recession. Early life[edit] Business career[edit] A PC's Limited Turbo PC signed by Dell In 1998, Dell founded MSD Capital L.P. to manage his family's investments. Penalty[edit] Accolades[edit]

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