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HTG Explains: The Linux Directory Structure Explained

HTG Explains: The Linux Directory Structure Explained
If you’re coming from Windows, the Linux file system structure can seem particularly alien. The C:\ drive and drive letters are gone, replaced by a / and cryptic-sounding directories, most of which have three letter names. The Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS) defines the structure of file systems on Linux and other UNIX-like operating systems. However, Linux file systems also contain some directories that aren’t yet defined by the standard. / – The Root Directory Everything on your Linux system is located under the / directory, known as the root directory. /bin – Essential User Binaries The /bin directory contains the essential user binaries (programs) that must be present when the system is mounted in single-user mode. /boot – Static Boot Files The /boot directory contains the files needed to boot the system – for example, the GRUB boot loader’s files and your Linux kernels are stored here. /cdrom – Historical Mount Point for CD-ROMs /dev – Device Files /etc – Configuration Files

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