background preloader

HTG Explains: The Linux Directory Structure Explained

HTG Explains: The Linux Directory Structure Explained
If you’re coming from Windows, the Linux file system structure can seem particularly alien. The C:\ drive and drive letters are gone, replaced by a / and cryptic-sounding directories, most of which have three letter names. The Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS) defines the structure of file systems on Linux and other UNIX-like operating systems. However, Linux file systems also contain some directories that aren’t yet defined by the standard. / – The Root Directory Everything on your Linux system is located under the / directory, known as the root directory. /bin – Essential User Binaries The /bin directory contains the essential user binaries (programs) that must be present when the system is mounted in single-user mode. /boot – Static Boot Files The /boot directory contains the files needed to boot the system – for example, the GRUB boot loader’s files and your Linux kernels are stored here. /cdrom – Historical Mount Point for CD-ROMs /dev – Device Files /etc – Configuration Files

Related:  Linux

DragonFly BSD Please keep in mind that major modifications have been made to nearly the entire DragonFly kernel relative to the original FreeBSD-4.x fork. Significant changes have been made to every kernel subsystem, as a consequence this list is constrained to the largest, most user-visible changes unique to DragonFly. The scheduler abstraction has been split up into two layers. The LWKT (Light Weight Kernel Thread) scheduler is used by the kernel to schedule all executable entities.

Linux Newbie Guide: Shortcuts And Commands Linux Shortcuts and Commands: Linux Newbie Administrator Guideby Stan and Peter Klimas This is a practical selection of the commands we use most often. Press <Tab> to see the listing of all available command (on your PATH). On my small home system, it says there are 2595 executables on my PATH. Replace in multiple files - the Vim way - Vim plugins, tips, tricks and tutorials Replacing text in multiple files is really easy with Vim. However, it’s not quite popular feature and a lot of people don’t know that such exists. In this post we will show you a few tricks that will get the job done. If you want to replace _params with params in the current buffer, you can do it by executing the following command: However, if the substitution has to be made across all files with extension .rb in a directory, you will have to use argdo: Also you can put the c flag, which will ask for confirmation before each change.

How To Build Your Own Linux Cloud - Software - Open Source - Ubuntu lets you create your own Eucalyptus cloud computing infrastructure on commodity servers, plus it's interface-compatible with Amazon's EC2. This article first appeared in November, 2009. Conventional wisdom has it that if you want to make use of "the cloud," you've got to use someone else's service -- Amazon's EC2, Google's clouds, and so on. Canonical, through its new edition of Ubuntu Server, has set out to change all that. Instead of using someone else's cloud, it's now possible to set up your own cloud -- to create your own elastic computing environment, run your own applications on it, and even connect it to Amazon EC2 and migrate it outwards if need be.

View topic - Compiz plugins Hi danielduner I can't tell you exactly how to solve your problem, but I can tell you how I got compiz runing on Linux Mint 13. First of all, I installed compiz, compiz-fusion* and compizconfig-settings-manager. Then I went to the configuration manager (I think it's gconf) and changed "windowmanager" from "marco" to "compiz" under "/desktop/mate/session/required_components/". In the compiz-settings i enabled composite, opengl, gnome compatibility, window decorations, scale window, move window, grid and put. The Only Raspberry Pi XBMC Tutorial You Will Ever Need In this updated guide, you will learn how to set up Raspberry Pi 3 as a complete Kodi (was XBMC) entertainment center solution with the right accessories. Over the past couple of years, I have had mixed feelings about Raspberry Pi as a Kodi based front-end device, because even after using all possible optimization tricks it simply was not responsive enough for my requirements. Fortunately, with the latest Raspberry Pi 3 this is not the case anymore. In this complete and up-to-date tutorial, you will learn

SettingUpConky Discussion of this wiki can be found here This guide will step you through initial installation and configuration of Conky for Ubuntu. Conky is extremely configurable; there are virtually unlimited ways of configuring it. The nuances of advanced conky configuration are beyond the scope of this article, but many resources exist online regarding this subject. A few are given here for anyone interested: More Linux tips every geek should know If you've already read and memorised our "Linux tips every geek should know" and "20 all-new tips for KDE 4.2" features, we've picked out 50 more Linux desktop tips for you to enjoy. And remember, if you don't ask, you don't get - follow us on or Twitter to have your say on what we post next... Command line #1: Auto-correct typos Typing on the command line isn't easy. First, it takes a lot of time to learn how all the commands work, but then even after that you need to be very precise with your file and directory names, otherwise you'll need to try and try again.

Some tweaking tips for Linux Mint 13 - MATE edition In my article about 10 things to do after installing Linux Mint 13, I have included some tips to customize Linux Mint 13. Here are some more tips and tricks for you to tweak Linux Mint 13 - MATE edition. 1 - Edit the applications list in the Mint Menu

All the Best Linux Cheat Sheets Linux Security Quick Reference Guide - An awesome security checklist reference IP Tables - If you are interested in Linux firewalls this is a must have TCPDump - Great cheat sheet to an awesome security tool Wireshark Filters - An awesome list of filters for the best packet sniffing utility IP Access Lists - Cheat sheet for IP Access Lists Common Ports - In case you don’t have all common ports memorized netcat - Reference to the swiss army knife of networking

10 things to do after installing Linux Mint 13 Linux Mint 13 just got released and I have been using it (MATE edition) on my laptop for nearly a week and from my experience, this is a very nice and stable release. However, depending on personal need and preference, users still need to tweak and customize a few things to make it more usable. Here are 10 things that I did after installing Linux Mint 13 - MATE edition. Update System As always on a freshly installed system, the first thing you need to do is to update the packages.