UNICEF: Facts on Children and Women in Afghanistan- 22.1 million people live in poverty and substandard conditions - Infrastructure in ruins from 21 years of war - Systemic gender discrimination against women and girls - Widespread human rights abuses based on ethnicity, religion and language - Landmines - 309,000 children under five years of age die each year; under-five mortality rate ranks fourth worldwide - The education of girls is banned in over 90 per cent of the country. - Only 17 per cent of population has access to safe water, and only 10 per cent to adequate sanitation - Adult literacy rate is 27 per cent for men and 5.6 per cent for women - Primary school enrolment for both girls and boys is low - An entire generation of children has grown up amidst armed conflict - The infant mortality rate measures 165 per 1,000 live births, while the under-five mortality rate is 257 per 1,000 live births. - Diarrhoeal diseases and acute respiratory infections cause an estimated 42 per cent of childhood deaths. Latest from Afghanistan:
Tommy Donbavand - Author of Scream Street and more!David AlmondCBBC Newsround - The history of the Afghanistan warThis page was made on Wednesday 7th March 2012Last updated at 16:03 The war in Afghanistan began back in 2001. A group called the Taliban had controlled most of the country since 1996 but they were overthrown in November 2001 by British and American armed forces, as well as lots of Afghan fighters from a group called the Northern Alliance. During the time that the Taliban controlled Afghanistan, they allowed an organisation called al-Qaeda to have training camps there. In September 2001, nearly 3,000 people were killed in the 9/11 terrorist attacks. There was a lot of international pressure on the Afghan leaders to hand over Osama Bin Laden. In October 2001, the USA began bombing Afghanistan. In November 2001, the Northern Alliance took control of the Afghan capital Kabul. The Taliban were quickly driven out of the capital city, Kabul, but even today Afghanistan remains a dangerous place. The UK government plans to take all troops out of Afghanistan by the end of 2014.
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