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INTECH - FEV 2012 - Scientific, Health and Social Aspects of the Food Industry

INTECH - FEV 2012 - Scientific, Health and Social Aspects of the Food Industry
Edited by Benjamin Valdez, ISBN 978-953-307-916-5, 488 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published February 01, 2012 under CC BY 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/1869 This book presents the wisdom, knowledge and expertise of the food industry that ensures the supply of food to maintain the health, comfort, and wellbeing of humankind. The global food industry has the largest market: the world population of seven billion people. The book pioneers life-saving innovations and assists in the fight against world hunger and food shortages that threaten human essentials such as water and energy supply. Floods, droughts, fires, storms, climate change, global warming and greenhouse gas emissions can be devastating, altering the environment and, ultimately, the production of foods. Related:  INTELLIGENCE ECONOMIQUE EN AGROALIMENTAIRE (et lobbying)Références anglophones

INFOGUERRE 10/11/00 Sécurité alimentaire : de nouveaux scandales en prévision Lundi 13 novembre 2000, Canal satellite diffusera à 20 heures sur le canal 23 un reportage d’origine américaine dans le cadre des émissions infosanté. Il sera précisé dans ce document que 20 millions de consommateurs américains auraient été affectés, entre 1973 et 1997, par le PCB (polychlorure de biphényl) qui est un insectide mélangé aux aliments destinés au bétail. 30 000 bêtes auraient été touchées. Ce scandale aurait été dissimulé par les autorités américaines. Par ailleurs, il est à craindre des révélations prochaines sur le traitement du lait par un producteur bien connu dans l’hexagone. Celui-ci aurait extrait du lait de vache les graisses naturelles (utilisées pour les produits dérivés) et les aurait remplacées par de la moelle d’os de vache. Ces informations, si elles sont validées par les experts, soulignent la complexité du dossier sur l’alimentation animale dans les pays industrialisés. Qu’entendons nous par là ?

Canning FAQs General Can food be re-canned if the lid does not seal? If canned foods have been frozen during storage, are they safe to eat? Vegetables and Fruits Is it safe to can food without salt? Meats Should giblets of chicken be canned in the same jar with chicken? Miscellaneous Questions Can I can bread or cake in a jar? Can food be re-canned if the lid does not seal? top ^ If canned foods have been frozen during storage, are they safe to eat? If my recipe doesn't call for processing, do I need to do so? Do I really need to leave a certain amount of headspace in the jar? How long will canned food keep? Is it necessary to sterilize jars before canning? Is it safe to process food in the oven? Can two layers of jars be processed in a canner at one time? Is it necessary to exhaust a pressure canner? Should liquid lost during processing be replaced? Is it all right to reuse jar fittings (lids and bands)? Why is open kettle canning not recommended? What causes jars to break in a canner?

PROCESSING 10/02/15 Researchers use MRI to study foodborne pathogens Researchers at the University of Maine are to investigate foodborne pathogens, supported by a grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture. The $150,000 grant will fund a study that uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to observe the internalization of foodborne pathogens inside produce. According to the university, this will be the first research of its kind. Internalization of foodborne pathogens is the process by which harmful bacteria move into the edible parts of produce, posing a threat to human health because the bacteria cannot be easily washed away, explained Dr. "Either microorganisms will contaminate a surface of produce — leaves, plants, fruit — but there is another possibility microorganisms can actually internalize, get inside of the plant cell tissues. Using MRI technology, the researchers hope to trace bacterial internalization of fresh produce in order to understand the process and come up with ways to prevent it.

The International Desalination & Water Reuse Quarterly industry website 11/11/12 'Superbug' found in US wastewater-reuse plants Researchers at the University of Maryland's School of Public Health (UMSPH) in the USA reported on 5 November 2012 that the "superbug" methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is prevalent at several US wastewater-reuse plants (WWTPs). However, MRSA was found in the final effluent at one only of the four WWTPs studied, and this was at a site that did not use chlorination. MRSA is well known for causing difficult-to-treat and potentially fatal bacterial infections in hospital patients, but since the late 1990s it has also been infecting otherwise healthy people in community settings. Swedish researchers have previously identified the presence of MRSA in WWTPs in Sweden. The research team, including UMSPH and University of Nebraska Medical Center researchers, collected wastewater samples throughout the treatment process at four WWTPs. This was the first study to investigate US wastewater as a potential environmental reservoir of MRSA.

EHP - 2012 - Casting a Wider Net: The Quest for Better Guidance on Seafood Consumption INFOGUERRE 20/10/03 Guerre de communication et d’influence dans l’agroalimentaire Selon une étude de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS), un milliard d’adultes sont en état de surpoids dans le monde et 300 millions d’individus sont cliniquement obèses. L’OMS parle « d’épidémie du siècle ». La population française n’est pas épargnée par ce phénomène avec un taux de croissance d’obèses de 5 % par an, et 14,4 % des enfants de 5 à 6 ans qui sont déjà en surpoids. Malgré ces données inquiétantes, les parlementaires français ont rejeté le 9 octobre dernier, quatre amendements destinés à lutter contre l’obésité chez les enfants lors de la première lecture du projet de loi sur la santé publique…Une dynamique préventive cassée En 2001, un groupe d’experts a été constitué au sein de l’AFSSA (Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments) afin de mettre en lumière les problèmes sanitaires liés au sel dans l’alimentation. 1.

FDA 30/04/09 Low Acid Canned Food Manufacturers Part 1 - Adminstrative Procedures/Scheduled Processes We have recently redesigned the FDA Web Site. As a result, some Web links (URLs) embedded within guidance documents are no longer valid. If you find a link that does not work, please try searching for the document using the document title. For more assistance, go to Contact FDA. Guide to Inspections of: BiotechnologyComputer IssuesDevicesDrugsFoods CosmeticsMiscellaneous Note: These documents are reference material for investigators and other FDA personnel. CORNELL UNIVERSITY 04/12/12 Tracing foodborne pathogens on the farm By Krishna Ramanujan In 2011, an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes in cantaloupe led to almost 150 illnesses and 30 deaths. With a spate of recent outbreaks of such foodborne pathogens as Salmonella, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli and L. monocytogenes, the ability to predict where and how these deadly microbes enter the food supply chain could save lives and prevent disease. Cornell researchers have created a method that uses geospatial algorithms, foodborne pathogen ecology and Geographic Information System (GIS) tools to predict hot spots where these pathogens may be present and spread on farms prior to harvest. The method, which can be applied to any farm, uses classification tree tools with remotely sensed data, such as topography, soil type, weather trends, proximity to various sources (water, forests) and more, to predict areas where pathogens are likely to be present. L. monocytogenes and Salmonella were found in higher frequencies in areas with moist soils.

Water 2011, 3(4), 1128-1138; Disinfection of Treated Wastewater and its Reuse in the Irrigation of Golf Grass: The Case of Plant Open AccessThis article isfreely availablere-usable Article 1 Laboratoire d’Ingénierie d’Energie et d’Environnement, ENSA, Agadir, 80000, Morocco 2 Ecole Nationale de Commerce et de Gestion, Agadir, 80000, Morocco 3 LP2E2M, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, 40000, Morocco * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Received: 15 July 2011; in revised form: 4 October 2011 / Accepted: 21 October 2011 / Published: 8 December 2011 Abstract: The treated wastewater of Agadir M’zar plant has a good physico-chemical quality and it contains important nutrients (NPK: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium). Keywords: treated wastewater; disinfection; groundwater; irrigation; golf grass; germination; growth MDPI and ACS Style Mouhanni, H.; Bendou, A.; Er-Raki, S. AMA Style Mouhanni H, Bendou A, Er-Raki S. Chicago/Turabian Style Mouhanni, Hind; Bendou, Abelaziz; Er-Raki, Salah. 2011.

PHYSORG 25/03/13 Tool for seafood contamination Since the horse meat saga began in 2012, some of us have decided to eat more fish and seafood - after all, we have been told they are better for our health. Well, that may not be quite true today. While EU law allows consumers shopping at supermarkets to learn where their seafood comes from, most restaurants are under no obligation to reveal how far their seafood has travelled to get to a diner's plate. In particular, only limited information is available for those seafood contaminants for which the authorities have set no maximum limits. Fish and shellfish are nutritious foods that form desirable components of a healthy diet. Pollution of the oceans and climate change are giving rise to concerns, not just about the overall status of the marine environment but also about the impact on seafood safety and public health. Dr Antonio Marques is the project coordinator. Explore further: Ecology team improves understanding of valley-wide streamwater chemistry