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Ten Days That Shook the World, Table of Contents John Reed Ten Days that Shook the World Transcribed from a 1919, 1st Edition, published by BONI & Liveright, Inc. for International Publishers, the publishing house of the Communist Party, USA, of which John Reed was a founding member. Transcribed and marked up for the John Reed Internet Archive, sub-Archive of the Marxists Internet Archive, by David Walters in 2001. Table of Contents Transcriber/Editors CommentsIntroduction by V. Return to the John Reed Internet Archive - Committee for a Workers' International Marxist resource THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO Karl Marx and Frederick Engels Bourgeois and Proletarians | Proletarians and Communists | Socialist and Communist Literature | Position of the Communists in relation to the various existing opposition parties | Preface to 1872 German edition | Preface to 1882 Russian edition | Preface to 1883 German edition | Preface to 1888 English edition | Preface to 1890 German edition | Notes on the Manifesto and translations of it A spectre is haunting Europe -- the spectre of communism. All the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise this spectre: Pope and Tsar, Metternich and Guizot, French Radicals and German police-spies. Where is the party in opposition that has not been decried as communistic by its opponents in power? Where is the opposition that has not hurled back the branding reproach of communism, against the more advanced opposition parties, as well as against its reactionary adversaries? Two things result from this fact: I. II.

In Defence of Marxism The Russian Revolution: The Meaning of October Today is the 98th anniversary of the Russian Revolution, an event which altered the entire course of human history. For the first time - if we exclude the brief but glorious episode of the Paris Commune - the working people took power into their own hands and began the gigantic task of the socialist re-construction of society. Here we republish an article written in 1992 by Alan Woods. The article gives an excellent overview of the revolution as well as highlighting its main lessons. "The October revolution laid the foundation of a new culture, taking everybody into consideration, and for that very reason immediately acquiring international significance. 75 years ago this month, an event took place which altered the entire course of human history. Now, on the eve of this great anniversary, the masses of the former Soviet Union are faced with the spectre of capitalist counter-revolution. And this is hailed as a "new dawn" by the Western media. Intervention of Masses Wars and Revolutions

Marxists Internet Archive Myth: Hitler was a leftist Myth: Hitler was a leftist. Fact: Nearly all of Hitler's beliefs placed him on the far right. Summary Many conservatives accuse Hitler of being a leftist, on the grounds that his party was named "National Socialist." Argument To most people, Hitler's beliefs belong to the extreme far right. The primary basis for this claim is that Hitler was a National Socialist. However, there is no academic controversy over the status of this term: it was a misnomer. In fact, socialism has never been tried at the national level anywhere in the world. Perhaps the primary concern of any political ideology is who gets to own and control the means the production. Socialism has been proposed in many forms. The Soviet Union failed to qualify as socialist because it was a dictatorship over workers -- that is, a type of aristocracy, with a ruling elite in Moscow calling all the shots. And what of Nazi Germany? The employer, however, was subject to the frequent orders of the ruling Nazi elite.

Home ¬Ľ pa Tsar Nicholas II Nicholas, the eldest son of Alexander III, the Tsar of Russia, and Marie Feodorovna, was born at Krasnoye Selo in May 1868. When he was twenty-three he narrowly escaped assassination in Japan. Nicholas succeeded to the throne following his father's death from liver disease on 20th October, 1894. Soon afterwards he married the German princess, Alexandra of Hesse-Darmstadt. Alexandra, the grand-daughter of Queen Victoria, was a strong believer in the autocratic power of Tsardom and urged him to resist demands for political reform. A cultural nationalist, Nicholas was opposed to the Westernization of Russia. Nicholas II and Alexandra disliked St. Plehve also secretly organized Jewish Pogroms. Although he described himself as a man of peace, he favoured an expanded Russian Empire. Sergi Witte claimed that Plehve remarked that Russia needed "a little, victorious war to stem the revolution". Nicholas II also faced mounting domestic problems.

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