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Imperial History of the Middle East

Imperial History of the Middle East

Related:  Middle East

Israel extends new border fence but critics say it is a sign of weakness Israel 'faces isolation' as border fence goes up Link to video: Israel 'faces isolation' as new border fence is erected It cuts a steel swath through the stark wilderness where Israel and Egypt meet, glinting in the desert sun as it snakes across barren hills and sandy plateaus. Wielding blowtorches at the base of the five-metre-high (16ft) barrier are some of the very men the border fence is in part designed to keep out: illegal immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa, now working as cheap construction labour for Israeli contractors. Israel's newest frontier fence is being erected at high speed along the 150-mile boundary between the Sinai and Negev deserts. Its construction, due to be completed by the end of this year, was accelerated after last summer's cross-border attack in which eight Israelis were killed, and amid rising alarm about the number of refugees crossing into the Jewish state.

The Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates The Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Play the Peace Doves Game About the game Eight countries in the world possess nuclear weapons. Middle East conflict: History in maps To see how borders in the region have changed over the years click through the maps below: Palestine was among several former Ottoman territories placed under British control by the League of Nations. The mandate lasted from 1920 to 1948. Obama's choice: Real diplomacy (or war) with Iran - Opinion Contrary to conventional wishful thinking in American policy circles, developments in the nuclear talks between Iran and the P5+1 and the Iran-related messages coming out of President Obama's trip to Israel strongly suggest that the risk of a US-initiated military confrontation with Tehran during Obama's second term are rising, not falling. This is because Obama's administration has made an ill-considered wager that it can "diplomatically" coerce Iran's abandonment of indigenous nuclear fuel cycle capabilities. This is dangerous, for it will become clear over the next year or so - the timeframe Obama himself has set before he would consider Iran able to build nuclear weapons - that the bet has failed.

Pre-Emption and Israeli Decision-Making in 1967 and 1973 To find out more about E-IR essay awards, click here. Why did Israel decide in favour of a pre-emptive strike in June 1967 and against one in October 1973? The Arab-Israeli wars of 1967 and 1973 were crucial in shaping the political and social climate of the modern Middle East. They forged the physical borders between Israel and her neighbours and radically transformed the fragile balance of power and shifting political alliances between major Middle Eastern countries.

Conflict Map Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates Conflict Map Start the Conflict Map About the map In the course of the 20th century, mankind experienced some of the most devastating wars of all times. Parallel Realities - An Oath And A Chant "Masada shall not fall again." "Tell Shamir, tell Rabin; we are the sons of Saladin." The first declaration above is a solemn oath taken by all inductees to the Israeli Defense Forces. The second rhythmic announcement is chanted by Palestinian protesters at some demonstrations during the intifada. The oath and the chant connect the past of Israel/Palestine to the present and the future of the conflict. They are not unique in this regard.

Antarctica Antarctic “science fiction” story apparently true? Many questions remain but it's interesting to say the least. The following article is well worth reading. It’s full of raw material for a great science fiction movie but apparently is truth and includes: a time tunnel . . . a mysterious energy vortex . . . a large ancient artefact two miles below the ice . . . a secret archaeological dig . . . a vanished film crew . . . U.S. cover-up . . . and more.

Related:  History