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Australian Gold, History & Culture Info - Historic Gold Rush Village Mogo South Coast NSW Australia

Australian Gold, History & Culture Info - Historic Gold Rush Village Mogo South Coast NSW Australia
The murderous Clarke brothers were worse than any of the other Australian bushrangers, outdoing the notorious Ned Kelly, Ben Hall, Captain Lightning, Frank Gardiner and Thunderbolt. The Clarke and Connell gang became known as "The Bloodiest Bushrangers". Jack Clarke, an Irish shoemaker had been transported for seven years in the "Morley". He arrived in 1826 and is descirbed as being of medium build and 5ft 51/4 tall with grey eyes. He arrived in the Braidwood district as one of the assigned convicts brought in by Major Elrington in 1827. They constantly raided crops and livestock, aided by their uncles Pat and Tom Connell. As bushrangers they plundered publicans, storekeepers, farmers and travellers. Till November 1866 the gang marauded virtually unchecked in a triangle through the Jingeras from Braidwood to Bega, and up the coast to Moruya and Nelligen. Most of the information on the Clarkes has been sourced thanks to Judith Lawson (nee Connell) and to her gift of O'Sullivan's book. Related:  australian bushrangersThe Clarke Brothers

Australian gold rushes An Australian gold diggings circa 1855 After the California gold rush began in 1848, causing many people to leave Australia for California to look for gold there, the New South Wales government rethought its position, and sought approval from the Colonial Office in England to allow the exploitation of the mineral resources and also offered rewards for the finding of payable gold.[2] The first gold rush in Australia began in May 1851 after prospector Edward Hargraves claimed to have discovered payable gold near Bathurst, at a site he called Ophir.[3] Hargraves had been to the Californian goldfields and had learned new gold prospecting techniques such as panning and cradling. The Australian gold rushes changed the aboriginal view of Australia. When the rush began at Ballarat, diggers discovered it was a prosperous goldfield. The gold rushes caused a huge influx of people from overseas. The Chinese were particularly industrious, with techniques that differed widely from the Europeans. F.

Bushrangers: The Clarke brothers Thomas Clarke was born 1840 in Braidwood, NSW and his brother John Clarke was born 1844 Mount Erlington, NSW. When the Clarke brothers, Thomas and John, were sentenced in 1867, the Chief Justice described the bushrangers as 'the scum of the earth, the lowest of the low, the most wicked of the wicked [and yet] are occasionally held up for our admiration....It is the old leaven of convictism not yet worked out'. The Clarkes' territory ranged from Yass to Goulburn and over to Braidwood, and their crimes included thieving horses, nine robberies in two months, and feloniously wounding a black tracker. In 1866, under the Felon's Apprehension Act 1865 (NSW) the Clarke brothers were declared outlaws for reasons of 'robbery, violence and murder'. In 1867, four 'special' constables sent to capture the bushrangers were found shot dead near Jinden Station. Braidwood had became a haunt for many bushrangers as well as the Clarke Brothers.

Bushranger History[edit] More than 2000 bushrangers are believed to have roamed the Australian countryside, beginning with the convict bolters and drawing to a close after Ned Kelly's last stand at Glenrowan.[3] 1850s: gold rush era[edit] The bushrangers' heyday was the Gold Rush years of the 1850s and 1860s as the discovery of gold gave bushrangers access to great wealth that was portable and easily converted to cash. Their task was assisted by the isolated location of the goldfields and a police force decimated by troopers abandoning their duties to join the gold rush.[3] George Melville was hanged in front of a large crowd for robbing the McIvor gold escort near Castlemaine in 1853.[3] 1860s to 1870s[edit] Bushranging numbers flourished in New South Wales with the rise of the colonial-born sons of poor, often ex-convict squatters who were drawn to a more glamorous life than mining or farming.[3] Much of the activity in this era was in the Lachlan Valley, around Forbes, Yass and Cowra.[3]

Clarke brothers Thomas (1840?-1867) and John Clarke (1846?-1867) were Australian bushrangers from the Braidwood district of New South Wales responsible for a series of high-profile robberies and killings in the late 19th century so notorious that they led to the embedding of the Felons' Apprehension Act (1866), a law that introduced the concept of outlawry and authorised citizens to kill criminals on sight.[1] Active on the southern goldfields from 1865, Thomas, John, their brother James and a host of relations were responsible for a reported 36 hold-ups and the deaths of five policemen - four of them "special constables" bounty hunters - looking to bring them in. In 1866, the gang held the town of Michelago, New South Wales captive while awaiting the arrival a gold escort from Kiandra. Some modern-day writers have described the Clarkes as the "bloodiest" bushrangers of all. Bushranging[edit] They plundered publicans, storekeepers, farmers and travelers. Trial and execution[edit] References[edit]

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Thomas Clarke Clarke Family: Thomas (1840?-1867) and John (1846?-1867), bushrangers, were born near Braidwood, New South Wales, sons of John Clarke. Their father had arrived in 1828 at Sydney in the Morley with a seven-year sentence; he was assigned to a pastoralist. Thomas and John junior began work as stockmen on unfenced stations and connived with their employers in the widespread cattle-stealing which continued until curtailed by the Registration of Brands Act in 1866. Thomas was joined by several relations and between October 1865 and May 1866 was credited with three charges of horse-stealing, eight robberies including two mails and post offices, the wounding of John Emmett and the murder of Constable Miles O'Grady at Nerrigundah on 9 April. In March Parkes sent a strong force of experienced police to Braidwood. At their trial in Sydney on 28 May special precautions were taken to prevent any display of public sympathy. Citation details

Ancient Australian History In the early days of Australia’s history, bushrangers roamed the countryside. They lived by stealing horses, holding up farms and travelers and robbing banks and stores. Many were escaped convicts. Others were just young men looking for adventure and freedom from the boredom of everyday work. Imagine that you were a convict. Perhaps you worked in a government gang. Convict Bolters: Australia's first bushrangers were escaped convicts called 'bolters' They fled into the bush and survived by stealing from settlers and travellers. Friends and Heroes: Many Australians today think of the bushrangers of the gold rush days as heroes. Bushranger Act: By 1830 there were so many bushrangers roaming around New South Wales that the government passed a special Act to make it easier to catch people who might be bush- rangers. Jack Donohue: The most famous of the convict bolters was Jack Donahue, an Irishman who arrived in Sydney in 1825, aged eighteen.

The Clarke Brothers : About New South Wales © the State Library of New South Wales John and Thomas Clarke were born near Braidwood to their emancipated Irish convict father and Irish mother. Although his father was a trained cobbler, he instead made a living through stealing cattle and horses then claiming the reward for their return. Declared outlaws under the Apprehended Felons Act in 1866, the Clarke brothers were known as the most violent and blood thirsty of all New South Wales bushrangers at the time. With public pressure to capture the Clarke Brothers Gang mounting, another specialist police unit was dispatched to Braidwood and in April 1868 Thomas and John Clarke and their accomplices were finally apprehended. The Clarke Borthers and Old Mogo Town Thomas Clarke, Australian Dictionary of Biography John Clarke, Australian Dictionary of Biography About the Clarke Brothers