There is a culture of acceptance around mental health issues in academia | Higher Education Network It is all too common to see PhD students work themselves to the point of physical and mental illness in order to complete their studies. It is less common to see PhD students who feel that they are under such pressure that the only option is suicide. But it does happen. There is a culture of acceptance around mental health issues in academia – and this needs to change. Following the completion of my PhD and a short stint as a postdoc, I have recently taken up a new job as a researcher development officer at a research-intensive university. Teams like ours are fairly common in universities, thanks to funding provided following the publication of the Roberts Report in 2002. The team I work on provides personal and professional development opportunities to the researchers at the university; including the PhD students, postdocs, and lecturers. When the situation calls for it, we are shoulders to cry on. Worst case scenario: we never meet them at all. Last weekend, there was a funeral.
Ancient Sumerians In Ecuador: The Father Crespi Mystery… | Hidden Inca Tours In the Amazonian Ecuadorian region called Morona Santiago there is a very deep cavern, known in Spanish as Cueva de los Tayos (Cave of the Oilbirds). According to some researchers the true discoverer of the huge archaeological treasures of the Cueva de los Tayos was not the Hungarian Juan Moricz, but rather the Salesian priest Carlo Crespi (1891-1982), a native of Milan, Italy. Carlo Crespi, who arrived to the Amazonian Ecuador area of Cuenca in 1927, was able to win the trust of the natives Jibaro, and so they did deliver to him, over decades, hundreds of fabulous archaeological pieces dating back to an unknown time, many of them made of gold or golden, often masterfully carved with archaic hieroglyphs that, to date, no one has been able to decipher. From 1960 Crespi obtained from the Vatican the permission to open a museum in the city of Cuenca, where was located his Salesian mission. In 1962 there was a fire, and some pieces were lost forever. Full details Here Full details Here
Information theory Overview The main concepts of information theory can be grasped by considering the most widespread means of human communication: language. Two important aspects of a concise language are as follows: First, the most common words (e.g., "a", "the", "I") should be shorter than less common words (e.g., "roundabout", "generation", "mediocre"), so that sentences will not be too long. Note that these concerns have nothing to do with the importance of messages. Information theory is generally considered to have been founded in 1948 by Claude Shannon in his seminal work, "A Mathematical Theory of Communication". Historical background The landmark event that established the discipline of information theory, and brought it to immediate worldwide attention, was the publication of Claude E. Prior to this paper, limited information-theoretic ideas had been developed at Bell Labs, all implicitly assuming events of equal probability. With it came the ideas of Quantities of information .
O terrível custo sobre o qual ninguém fala de ter um doutorado | Artigos JusBrasil Uma noite, no terceiro ano do meu doutorado, eu sentei na minha cama com um pacote de tranquilizantes e uma garrafa de vodka. Joguei algumas pílulas para dentro da boca e dei um golão na garrafa, sentindo tudo queimar na minha garganta. Momentos depois, eu percebi que estava cometendo um erro terrível. Eu parei, tremendo, enquanto eu me dava conta do que quase havia feito. Eu liguei para uma amiga e a encontrei num bar no meio do caminho entre as nossas casas. Aquela noite mudou as coisas para nós duas. Todos sabem que ter um doutorado é difícil. Os dias que eu passei perseguindo meu doutorado em física foram dos meus piores. Eu poderia não ter me sentido tão sozinha se eu tivesse sabido quantas pessoas sofrem com questões de saúde mental na academia. Mas a atitude durona que permeia a torre de marfim pode induzir muitas pessoas que sofrem com a saúde mental a deixar seus problemas escondidos, enquanto outros simplesmente aceitam a depressão como parte do percurso.
VrayWorld - Scripts & Plugins for 3d environment creation We categorized all those tools for easier research and study according to the usage they have in the creation of our environment. So we have four different categories. Terrain - Vegetation - Rocks & Pavements - Scattering. Maas Architects Bellinkhofartwork by: Nijland George Terrain creation. Populate Terrain: Optimized terrain generation from contour lines. Terrain Maker: This script was written to speed up working with other packages to create grayscale images to be used as height or displacement maps in max.It lets you change the resolution (detail) and the height of the terrain in max. Terrain-conformer: This script conforms a terrain surface to a road in just a few click. Top Plane Slice: This tool is usefull for breaking massive terrain objects e.g. for game engines. Vue: Offers CG professionals the premiere solution for creating exceptionally rich and realistic Digital Nature environments with seamless integration into any production workflow. Vegetation modeling. Rocks & Pavements.
Doron Swade - Computing History Doron Swade An academic who masterminded an 18-year project to recreate a 19th Century computer, a dedicated nurse and an 84-year old volunteer are among Kingstonians rewarded in the UK 2009 New Year's Honours List. Dr Doron Swade, 64, is a leading academic in computer history and a world renowned expert on the work of English mathematician Charles Babbage and has been awarded an MBE for services to the history of computing. Dr Swade, a former curator at the London Science Museum, said: “I am hugely flattered and very, very grateful. “I've always said honours and acknowledgements are the result of good work and I just try to do good work.” Dr Swade masterminded a project to build a working replica of one of Babbage’s ‘calculating engines’ from the original 19th century plans and negotiated the acquisition of rare computers including a Russian Cold War supercomputer and the last working totalisator in the country for the National Computer Collection. Dr. Doron has curated many exhibitions.
OPENSCIENCE - ROTEIRO PARA UMA INVESTIGAÇÃO ABERTA by Augusto de Franco O que é a proposta de OpenScience Este é um roteiro para uma investigação aberta, não a apresentação de resultados da própria investigação. O roteiro proposto parte de uma visão inicial de quem o propõe. Essa visão - a minha visão - está contida nos dez pontos seguintes: 1 - OpenScience não é qualquer tipo de crowdscience instrumental por meio do qual cientistas convocam centralizadamente esforços de numerosos colaboradores voluntários ou lançam mão de trabalhos de não-cientistas (ou de candidatos a cientistas ou de cientistas menos reconhecidos por uma determinada comunidade de cientistas) para realizar ou apoiar seus próprios trabalhos científicos. 5 - OpenScience é compartilhamento dos recursos necessários à investigação científica, na contra-mão do que fazem as corporações acadêmicas (que costumam trancar tais recursos para seu exclusivo uso privado). Cada um dos pontos acima merecerá, evidentemente, um scholium.
Doctoral degrees: The disposable academic ON THE evening before All Saints' Day in 1517, Martin Luther nailed 95 theses to the door of a church in Wittenberg. In those days a thesis was simply a position one wanted to argue. Luther, an Augustinian friar, asserted that Christians could not buy their way to heaven. In most countries a PhD is a basic requirement for a career in academia. One thing many PhD students have in common is dissatisfaction. Whining PhD students are nothing new, but there seem to be genuine problems with the system that produces research doctorates (the practical “professional doctorates” in fields such as law, business and medicine have a more obvious value). Rich pickings For most of history even a first degree at a university was the privilege of a rich few, and many academic staff did not hold doctorates. Other countries are catching up. But universities have discovered that PhD students are cheap, highly motivated and disposable labour. A short course in supply and demand A very slim premium
The sounds of English and the International Phonetic Alphabet © Tomasz P. Szynalski, Antimoon.com This chart contains all the sounds (phonemes) used in the English language. The symbol from the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), as used in phonetic transcriptions in modern dictionaries for English learners — that is, in A. To print the chart, use the printable PDF version. Does this chart list all the sounds that you can hear in British and American English? No. For example, this page does not list the regular t (heard in this pronunciation of letter) and the flap t (heard in this one) with separate symbols. So this page actually lists phonemes (groups of sounds), not individual sounds. Take the phoneme p in the above chart. Typing the phonetic symbols You won’t find phonetic symbols on your computer’s keyboard. IPA fonts To type IPA symbols on your computer, you need to use an IPA-enabled font. However, in many (most?) You can use my free IPA phonetic keyboard at ipa.typeit.org. Learning to pronounce the sounds
Enough of aid – let’s talk reparations | Global Development Professionals Network Colonialism is one of those things you’re not supposed to discuss in polite company – at least not north of the Mediterranean. Most people feel uncomfortable about it, and would rather pretend it didn’t happen. In fact, that appears to be the official position. In the mainstream narrative of international development peddled by institutions from the World Bank to the UK’s Department of International Development, the history of colonialism is routinely erased. According to the official story, developing countries are poor because of their own internal problems, while western countries are rich because they worked hard, and upheld the right values and policies. And because the west happens to be further ahead, its countries generously reach out across the chasm to give “aid” to the rest – just a little something to help them along. If colonialism is ever acknowledged, it’s to say that it was not a crime, but rather a benefit to the colonised – a leg up the development ladder.
Why Lead Used to Be Added To Gasoline Today I found out why lead used to be added to gasoline. “Tetraethyl lead” was used in early model cars to help reduce engine knocking, boost octane ratings, and help with wear and tear on valve seats within the motor. Due to concerns over air pollution and health risks, this type of gas was slowly phased out starting in the late 1970’s and banned altogether in all on-road vehicles in the U.S. in 1995. For a more detailed explanation of why lead used to be added to gasoline, it’s necessary to understand a little bit more about gasoline and what properties make it a good combustion material in car engines. The higher the compression in the cylinders a car’s motor can produce, the greater the power it can get out of each stroke of the piston. In 1919, Dayton Metal Products Co. merged with General Motors. Another benefit that became known over time was that Tetraethyl lead kept valve seats from becoming worn down prematurely. This hasn’t completely gotten rid of leaded gasoline.
Theory of everything A theory of everything (ToE) or final theory, ultimate theory, or master theory is a hypothetical single, all-encompassing, coherent theoretical framework of physics that fully explains and links together all physical aspects of the universe.:6 Finding a ToE is one of the major unsolved problems in physics. Over the past few centuries, two theoretical frameworks have been developed that, as a whole, most closely resemble a ToE. The two theories upon which all modern physics rests are general relativity (GR) and quantum field theory (QFT). GR is a theoretical framework that only focuses on the force of gravity for understanding the universe in regions of both large-scale and high-mass: stars, galaxies, clusters of galaxies, etc. On the other hand, QFT is a theoretical framework that only focuses on three non-gravitational forces for understanding the universe in regions of both small scale and low mass: sub-atomic particles, atoms, molecules, etc. Historical antecedents 
Revolução científica Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Na história da ciência, chama-se revolução científica o período que começou no século XVI e prolongou-se até o século XVIII  . A partir desse período, a Ciência, que até então estava atrelada à Filosofia, separa-se desta e passa a ser um conhecimento mais estruturado e prático. As causas principais da revolução podem ser resumidas em: renascimento cultural, a imprensa, a reforma protestante e o hermetismo . O Renascimento trouxe como uma de suas características o humanismo. Houve antes muitas teorias revolucionárias que diferem na intensidade com que influenciaram o pensamento humano. Eventos marcantes da revolução científica, no início do século XVI, foram a publicação das obras De revolutionibus orbium coelestium ("Das revolucões das esferas celestes") por Nicolau Copérnico e De Humani Corporis Fabrica ("Da Organização do Corpo Humano") por Andreas Vesalius. Nomes que marcaram a revolução cientifica[editar | editar código-fonte]
The Dark Side of the Moon (Landing) | earthriderdotcom Some dispute that the U.S. sent a man to the moon. Astronaut Buzz Aldrin is the second man to walk on the moon’s surface in 1969 By Judy Berman Over eight days during July 1969, all eyes were on Apollo 11, when it became the first manned mission to land on the moon. More than 40 years after this historic event, about 6 percent of Americans still dispute that we ever set foot on the moon. It fulfilled a goal set by President John F. Apollo 11 made its landing on July 20, 1969. Yet, Bill Kaysing, considered to be the father of the moon hoax, said the whole event was staged. Kaysing, himself, was not an engineer. And, yet, his story had legs. I decided to pick an engineer’s brains on this subject: my Dad. Dad had an analytical mind and addressed some of the claims in Kaysing’s book. Here’s the scoop from the web site science.howstuffworks: Conspiracy theorists also question how the flag could flap with no wind on the moon, and that the photo had to be a hoax. I just hope it’s real soon.