Gaia (Greek Mythology) The Greek word γαῖα (transliterated as gaia) is a collateral form of γῆ (gē, Doric γᾶ ga and probably δᾶ da) meaning Earth, a word of uncertain origin. R. S. P. Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek origin. In Mycenean Greek Ma-ka (trans. as Ma-ga, "Mother Gaia") also contains the root ga-. According to Hesiod, Gaia conceived further offspring with Uranus, first the giant one-eyed Cyclopes: Brontes ("Thunder"), Steropes ("Lightning") and Arges ("Bright"); then the Hecatonchires: Cottus, Briareos and Gyges, each with a hundred arms and fifty heads. As each of the Cyclopes and Hecatonchires were born, Uranus hid them in a secret place within Gaia, causing her great pain. Because Cronus had learned from Gaia and Uranus, that he was destined to be overthrown by his own child, Cronus swallowed each of the children born to him by his Titan sister Rhea. With Gaia's advice Zeus defeated the Titans. In classical art Gaia was represented in one of two ways.
Mahabharatha and Trojan war - Greek influence on India Pandavas were sent to forest for 14 years, similarly the Greek-Trojan conflict went on for nearly 14 years. The actual conflict described by Homer in Iliad is only 14 days. Same is the case with Mahabharata war, the war at Kurukshetra went on only for 14 days. During the Mahabharata war, the war was stopped in the evenings and was resumed in the next day. Then, why such a story had been written? Note another character in the war scene, Sanjayan describes the war, scene by scene to the blind king Dhridarashra, using his extraordinary vision. Bhishma had taken the role of Hector, the righteous son of Priam, Duryodhana has taken the role of Paris.
The Bhagavad Gita as an Integral Part of the Epic Mahabharata The Bhagavad Gita as an Integral Part of the Epic Mahabharata The Bhagavad Gita is an integral part of a vast epic, the great Sanskrit poem, The Mahabharata. According to the scholar J.A.B. van Buitenen the Mahabharata has had an immense influence, more than any other text, on Indian civilization. The Mahabharata is not just another tale of the ceaseless human drama, but it is ‘the storehouse of political wisdom, philosophical doctrine, religious doctrines, and a splendid work of literary art’ (M.N. Dutt). Indian tradition has accepted Krishna Dvaipayana Vyasa as poet author of the Mahabharata. Before paper was introduced in 1000 AD, the Sanskrit texts were written on birch bark in the upper north India and palm leaf in the south (J.A.B. van Buitenen). With 100,000 couplets, the Mahabharata is the world’s longest poem and the longest literary work. The dates for the writing of the Mahabharata vary. As Hamlet says: There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, While the Gods Play
Family tree of the Greek gods Key: The essential Olympians' names are given in bold font. See also List of Greek mythological figures Notes External links Media related to Family trees of Greek mythology at Wikimedia Commons Apollo (Crown) God in Greek mythology Apollo[a] is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology. The national divinity of the Greeks, Apollo has been recognized as a god of archery, music and dance, truth and prophecy, healing and diseases, the Sun and light, poetry, and more. As the patron deity of Delphi (Apollo Pythios), Apollo is an oracular god—the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Apollo's capacity to make youths grow is one of the best attested facets of his panhellenic cult persona. Apollo is an important pastoral deity, and was the patron of herdsmen and shepherds. Etymology Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (GEN Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Latin: Apollō) A Luwian etymology suggested for Apaliunas makes Apollo "The One of Entrapment", perhaps in the sense of "Hunter". Greco-Roman epithets Sun Wolf Origin and birth Wars
Greco-Roman mysteries See Western esotericism for modern "mystery religions" in the Western cultural sphere. Definition The term "Mystery" derives from Latin mysterium, from Greek mysterion (usually as the plural mysteria μυστήρια), in this context meaning "secret rite or doctrine". An individual who followed such a "Mystery" was a mystes, "one who has been initiated", from myein "to close, shut", a reference to secrecy (closure of "the eyes and mouth"):56 or that only initiates were allowed to observe and participate in rituals. Characteristics Mystery religions form one of three types of Hellenistic religion, the others being the imperial cult or ethnic religion particular to a nation or state, and the philosophic religions such as Neoplatonism. Mysteries thus supplement rather than compete with civil religion. The mystery cults offered a niche for the preservation of archaic religious ritual, and there is reason to assume that they were very conservative. List of mystery cults
The Kerala Articles: Comparison of Hindu and Greek Mythologies Of Gods and Men Greek Gods Image Courtesy : umich.edu Mythology is the oral retelling of stories or myths of a particular group of people or culture that lived long ago. They provide us an idea about the values, culture and intellectual development of the people of those cultures and civilizations. Two of the most vibrant, advanced and complex mythologies are that of the ancient Greeks and the Hindus (Indian). Zeus and Indra In Hindu mythology the Kashyapa fathered the Devas (Gods). Indra Image Courtesy : jnanam.net In Greek mythology the Gods were fathered by Cronus. Good and Evil The Gods of Mount Olympus represents good while their antitheses are the Titans represent evil. Devas battling the Asuras Image Courtesy : harekrsna.com Gods, Men and Evil While men have always worshipped and showed unfaltering devotion towards the Gods, the Gods on their part have not been as benevolent as they might lead us to believe. Prometheus giving fire to man Image Courtesy : wikipedia.org
Mythical Chronology of Greece This Mythical Chronology of Greece depicts the traditional chronology established for the events of ancient Greek mythology by ancient chronographers and mythographers. This list largely reflects the work of Saint Jerome, whose work in turn was based primarily on the analysis of Apollodorus, Diodorus Siculus, and Eusebius.  In a few cases, the chronology also reflects the opinions of more recent scholars, who have cross referenced the mythology to archeological discoveries. These interpolations are noted with italics. Although the Greeks did believe that much of their mythology was grounded in fact, this list is not intended to imply the literal existence of real-world parallels to all the characters listed below. The dates below are approximate. Timeline The ages referenced in this section are the five Ages of Man of Hesiod. Before Hesiod's ages: The Birth of the World (1800BC-1710BC) Chaos gives birth to Gaia Gaia gives birth to Uranus Uranus rapes Gaia. Cronos becomes ruler of Greece.
Greek Stories about Zeus-The Birth of Zeus, the King of the Gods Zeus was born by the Titans Cronus and Rhea. Cronus was notorious for being a very jealous and greedy deity. Out of the fear one of his children could take his throne, Cronus swallowed every child Rhea was giving birth to. However, when Rhea gave birth to her last child, Zeus, she managed to trick Cronus with the help of the Titans Uranus and Gaea. Zeus was raised secretly by the Nymphs and was fed with honey and milk from the goat nurse Amaltheia with the help of her broken-off horn. Soon came the day where Zeus was mature enough to claim the Kingdom of the World and he started a battle against his father and the Titans. Then, with the help of his siblings, Zeus overthrew the Titans in the depths of the Underworld, the Tartarus. After overthrowing his father Cronus, Zeus was confronted with the Giants and also the monster Typhon, which he both defeated successfully.
Horus and Jesus | Egyptian Deities and Myths Compared to the Bible There are few books that have caused as much controversy as the Holy Bible. For centuries now, it has been regarded by many to be the "one true word of God". The writers of the Bible may have been human beings... but it is said that those writers had "divine inspiration" for their words. However, religions and worship of deities existed before the writings of the Bible. Horus One important note about the gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt... they were not one-dimensional beings. Hathor There are differing accounts of this... some of which have Isis as the wife of Horus, rather than his mother, which is a bit confusing. Horus is also the only son of the Osiris, the god of fertility and vegetation. Nepthys The Egyptian Creation Story In the Egyptian creation story, the four children of Geb (god of the sky) and Nut (goddess of the earth) sired four children. Whether or not she found them all is unknown... however, according to legend, she was able to conceive a child, Horus, with him.