Democracy And The Wisdom Of Crowds “The Wisdom of Crowds: Why the Many Are Smarter Than the Few and How Collective Wisdom Shapes Business, Economies, Societies and Nations”, published in 2004, is a book by James Surowiecki. It discusses, often using anecdotes, that under certain conditions, crowds of people make better decisions than experts. In how far can we (mis)construe this as further proving the democratic doctrine? “The opening anecdote relates Francis Galton's surprise that the crowd at a county fair accurately guessed the weight of an ox when their individual guesses were averaged (the average was closer to the ox's true butchered weight than the estimates of most crowd members, and also closer than any of the separate estimates made by cattle experts).” Source: Wisdom of Crowds on Wikipedia Another anecdote: Looking at wind speeds and prevailing ocean currents, experts disagreed widely on where a lost ship was located. There is no fundamental insight to be gained from digging in on any one side. China’s Failure
BenRayfield: Anonymous Voting With No Limit On Votes Per Person Everyone gets as few or as many votes as they want. Nobody needs to be identified because there is no limit on how many votes each person can create. How could such a system work? This is not theoretical. Search engines don't care who wrote a certain webpage. I'll give a simple example of such a system which I created, which you can use the results of at I started with the 1.3 million Wikipedia pages with the shortest names. After 6 cycles, each cycle narrowing down the Wikipedia pages by their links to eachother (not including links to/from pages this process removed), these pages remained: Latin Earth Christianity Islam United_Nations World_War_II Mathematics Ancient_Greece World_War_I China Middle_Ages Government Metre Molecule Unicode Albert_Einstein The next cycle, only 2 remained: World_War_I United_Nations Each cycle, it keeps only the pages that have more incoming links than outgoing links and have at least 5 incoming and 5 outgoing links.
14. Collaborative democracy: the citizen’s ability to collaborate effectively Collaboration between a government and its people—not just in service delivery—is one of the most fertile areas for creating potentially successful outcomes for a society, but it remains one of the most challenging of tasks as well. Almost as challenging are collaborations between government agencies themselves. This chapter examines some of the aspects of collaborating—the active form of the word is important given what the purposes of collaborations are—from two distinct perspectives.
Future of E-Democracy - The 50 Year Plan - Speech by Steven Clift Join 2300 people on my e-mail announcement list here. Release Note: Published online January 2002 – This extended and edited transcript is based on a speech given to the international World Futurist Society < conference held in Minneapolis, Minnesota on July 31, 2001. This speech is only the start of a “plan.” I try to share a pragmatic, yet futuristic vision of governance when e-democracy exists as an integrated part of “real” everyday representative democracy. Future of E-Democracy Speech Outline Introduction Defining E-democracyE-Governance - Exceptional Practice Makes Perfect -- E-mail Notice -- In-person Public Hearing Recordings and Materials -- Online Public Hearings and Consultations -- Wired Politicians Reach Out and Serve, or Perish-- Local Civic Deliberations and Global Networking Trending Toward the Future - Why not look through 2040? Introduction I am told that I think out-of-the-box. Why e-democracy? Defining E-democracy
E Steven Clift E-Democracy Resource Links from Steven Clift - E-Government, E-Politics, E-Voting Links and more E-Democracy Starting Points Frequently updated online resources with links and announcements directly related to e-democracy from across the Internet: Democracies Online Newswire DoWire is a major blog/e-mail announcement list on e-democracy, e-government and more. E-Democracy and E-Government Blogs Dozens of related blogs and news feeds E-Democracy E-Book and related articles Steven Clift's overview of e-democracy and dozens of articles with extensive links. Development Gateway - E-Government Also see Knowledge Economy, ICTs for Development Multimedia Victoria's eGov Resource Ctr For links from a governmental perspective, select "EDemocracy" in the "Trends and Issues." Social Science Information Gateway Select "Political Communication" for numerous reports and articles. University of St.
DoWire.Org - Democracies Online Newswire - E-Democracy, E-Government, and Politics Online - Hosted by Steven Clift, Ashoka Fellow Collaborative e-democracy In a collaborative e-democracy every citizen participates in the policy process, either indirectly, by delegating proxy representatives to vote on their behalf within the different policy domains, or directly, by voting on a particular issue (green arrows). Collaborative e-democracy or super-democracy is a democratic conception that combines key features of direct democracy, representative democracy, and e-democracy (i.e. the use of ICTs for democratic processes). The concept was first published at two international academic conferences in 2009 (see below). While directly elected government officials (i.e. Theoretical background Collaborative e-democracy involves following theory components: Policy process Collaborative e-policymaking is a process where public laws & policies are generated in collaboration of multiple stakeholders (e.g. affected people; domain experts; parties who can help to implement a solution). Principles Benefits & limitations See also
People power transforms the web in next online revolution | Technology | The Observer In July 2004, US cinema advertisements for Halo 2, the science fiction computer game, briefly carried the address for a website - ilovebees.com - which appeared to belong to a beekeeper who had mysteriously disappeared. Her honey-based recipes had been replaced by an apparently random list of numbers. Over four months 600,000 people joined in solving the mystery of what the numbers meant. What unfolded was a striking display of 'We Think': structured, mass collaborative creativity and intelligence. People set up blogs and bulletin boards, websites and instant message groups. The game's designers at 42 Entertainment in Los Angeles set the players a series of complex tasks and on the final day started calling 1,000 payphones on the East Coast of America. We are just starting to explore how we can organise ourselves without the trappings of traditional organisations. Political 'flash mobs' have already swung elections in Spain, the Philippines twice and South Korea.
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