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The Economist explains: How do you invent a language? MORE than 5m people now hear a few words in Dothraki or Valyrian, the fabricated languages spoken in the television series “Game of Thrones”, each week—more than the number who hear Welsh, Irish Gaelic and Scots Gaelic combined. From the unsung (Babm and Brithenig) to the celebrated (Esperanto and Elvish), constructed languages, in various states of completion, now outnumber the world’s natural tongues. Fantasy literature, science-fiction films and video games have fuelled a demand for otherworldly tongues—and fans increasingly expect them to be usable. So how do you invent a language from scratch? That depends on its purpose. Those making a brief appearance in a novel (Nadsat in "A Clockwork Orange", and Newspeak in "1984") require just a smattering of vocabulary. These days most invented languages are created for artistic or aesthetic purposes, and often borrow features from existing tongues. Esperanto, the most successful invented language, may have as many as 2m speakers.

Twilit Grotto -- Esoteric Archives Ireland's History in Maps - Celtic Ireland Ice Ages and the Arrival of Humans --- Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages Maps: BC . 100 . 150 . 200 . 300 . 400 . 500 . 600 . 700 . 800 . 900 . 1000 . 1100 . 1200 . 1300 . 1400 . 1500 . 1600 . 1700 . 1800 . 1845 Reference: Before there were Counties --- Old Irish Kingdoms and Clans --- Old Irish Surnames The Myths of Time: After examining some of the ancient record for Ireland we turn to the early Irish chronicles. Prior to the arrival of sons of King Milesius the mythological tribes in Ireland were said to include the the Fomorians (Fomhóire), the Partholonians, the Nemedians, the Fir Bolgs and the Tuatha de Danann. From the author D. The original migration of the Celtic language into Ireland has been variously placed in a large window from 2000 to 300 B.C., with many citing the timeframe around 500 B.C. Cruithin - perhaps the 8th to 5th century B.C. Yingzi Also see the Belorussian translation provided by Fatcow. The English spelling system is such a pain, we'd might as well switch to hanzi-- Chinese characters. How should we go about it? Japanese style One way would be to use hanzi directly, asthe Japanese do. , and "ruler" as . , and "tycoon" as You can already see that this is going to be tricky. two readings, for instance-- /wrk/ and /gûng/-- and two as well-- /rulr/ and /kun/. Proper names will be a problem as well. for the name of the bodaciously cute singer Faye Wong-- but for English names we'd have no better recourse than to spell things out using the nearest Chinese syllables. Chinese style Maybe there's a better approach. The basic principle will be, one yingzi for a syllable with a particular meaning. Does that mean we need a completely separate symbol for each of the thousands of possible English syllables? Little pictures You've been reading for half a page and are probably wondering why I haven't yet talked about pictograms. wing. .

Perseus Digital Library La scrittura della civiltà di Harappa Dal segno alla scrittura Dai cacciatori preistorici ai primi contabili Come nacquero i primi alfabeti.Tutte le scritture del mondo. La scrittura della civiltà di Harappa Una fra le quattro più antiche civiltà del mondo ha una scrittura che ha resistito da sempre a ogni tentativo di decifrazione. Oggi, sulla base della documentazione archeologica, si comincia a interpretarlaWalter A. Fairsevis, Jr. Le civiltà più antiche sono quelle di Sumer, dell'Egitto, della Cina e della Valle dell'Indo, nella parte nordoccidentale del subcontinente indiano. I loro «testi» consistono quasi solo in brevi iscrizioni su sigilli e in graffiti su ceramiche. Le testimonianze archeologiche Che cosa ci dicono i reperti archeologici sulla vita nei siti della cultura di Harappa? I sigilli di Harappa Il compito di «leggere» le iscrizioni della cultura di Harappa è così difficile che molti studiosi lo giudicano irrealizzabile. Che cosa ci dicono i sigilli Già negli anni trenta, lo studioso britannico G.

iLoveLanguages - Your Guide to Languages on the Web Internet Sacred Text Archive Home Famiglia linguistica Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Le famiglie linguistiche possono essere suddivise in unità più piccole chiamate "rami" (perché la storia di una famiglia è spesso rappresentata da un diagramma ad albero). Gli antenati comuni di una famiglia (o ramo) vengono detti protolingue. Distribuzione delle famiglie linguistiche. Lingue naturali[modifica | modifica wikitesto] Principali famiglie (raggruppate geograficamente senza riguardo per le relazioni interfamiliari)[modifica | modifica wikitesto] Famiglie dell'Africa e dell'Asia sudoccidentale[modifica | modifica wikitesto] Famiglie dell'Europa e dell'Asia settentrionale, occidentale e meridionale[modifica | modifica wikitesto] Famiglie dell'Asia orientale e sudorientale e dell'Oceania[modifica | modifica wikitesto] Famiglie delle Americhe[modifica | modifica wikitesto] Le seguenti famiglie spesso sono raggruppate sotto l'unica famiglia delle Lingue amerinde mentre qui si tengono separate: Nord AmericaSud America Asia[modifica | modifica wikitesto]

Gernreich alphabet Gernreich is an alternative alphabet for English invented by Michael Carnright when he was 14. The letters are like building blocks which are connected together to make words, which in turn can be connected together to make sentences. Micheael usually uses graph paper to write this alphabet. Notable features The letters with the largest span from point to point are used for the most common letters in English. Gernreich alphabet Sample texts in Gernreich The texts on the right show a number of ways to write Gernreich, Michael Carnright's former family name. Transliteration All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. If you have any questions about this alphabet, you can contact Michael at: Other alphabets invented by visitors to this site

D-Lib Magazine List of timelines From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This is a list of timelines currently on Wikipedia. §Types[edit] §General timelines[edit] §History[edit] §Arts[edit] §Biographical timelines[edit] §Crime[edit] §Events[edit] §Disasters[edit] §Economics[edit] §Entertainment[edit] §Environmental issues[edit] §Fiction[edit] §Geographical timelines[edit] Timeline of country and capital changes §Ancient civilizations[edit] §Extant civilizations[edit] §Supranational entities and regions, peoples[edit] §Sovereign states[edit] §Subnational regions and cities, narrow timelines[edit] §Law[edit] §Military[edit] §Military conflicts[edit] §Philosophy[edit] §Politics[edit] §Religion[edit] §Ayyavazhi[edit] Timeline of Ayyavazhi history (1809–present) §Buddhism[edit] Timeline of Buddhism (563 BCE – present) §Christianity[edit] §Islam[edit] §Jainism[edit] Timeline of Jainism §Judaism[edit] §Sikhism[edit] Sikh Gurus (1469–1666) §Science[edit] §Astronautics and planetary science[edit] §Astronomy, Astrophysics, and Cosmology[edit] §Biology[edit] §Sports[edit]