d3.js A Brief History of Human Computer Interaction Technology Brad A. Myers Carnegie Mellon University School of Computer Science Technical Report CMU-CS-96-163and Human Computer Interaction Institute Technical Report CMU-HCII-96-103 December, 1996 Please cite this work as: Brad A. Myers. Human Computer Interaction Institute School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3891 email@example.com Abstract This article summarizes the historical development of major advances in human-computer interaction technology, emphasizing the pivotal role of university research in the advancement of the field. Copyright (c) 1996 -- Carnegie Mellon University A short excerpt from this article appeared as part of "Strategic Directions in Human Computer Interaction," edited by Brad Myers, Jim Hollan, Isabel Cruz, ACM Computing Surveys, 28(4), December 1996 This research was partially sponsored by NCCOSC under Contract No. Keywords: Human Computer Interaction, History, User Interfaces, Interaction Techniques. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
The world’s top 50 billionaires: A demographic breakdown. Top 50 Billionaire Breakdown If you asked anyone to picture the wealthiest person in the world at any given time, you could bet on some common denominators: probably a man; probably somehow attached to the words “multinational” or “conglomerate”; probably on a yacht off a private island. With Slate’s Top 50 Billionaire Breakdown, we attempt to visualize the richest of the rich by paring them into demographic categories: age, location, industry, source of wealth, education, and religious affiliation. Some of the sortings are heartening: There are more self-made men than born-rich kids in the top 50, and the self-made billionaires’ total wealth is bigger. Some are less so: The entire African continent has the same number of billionaires as Canada (one each), and there isn’t a single woman in the top 50 who’s self-made. Correction, Nov. 18, 2013: The interactive originally mislabeled the Koch brothers as Jewish.
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How the Human/Computer Interface Works (Infographics) The long history of user interfaces spans the decades from the primitive punched-card days of the 1950s, through the typed command lines of the 1960s, to the familiar windows and icons of today and beyond. Three factors work to both limit and enable human/computer interface development: Computing Power: Increasingly powerful computer hardware enables more sophisticated software interactions. The Imagination of Inventors: Software designers envision new interactions that take advantage of increasing computer power. The Market: Driven by both large corporate customers and also super-popular consumer gadgets like iPad. A timeline of computer interface milestones: 1822: The Babbage Analytical Engine was a Victorian-era concept envisioned more than a century before its time, this mechanical computer would have been programmed by physically manipulating cams, clutches, cranks and gears. 1950s: Punched cards were first used in the 18th century to control automatic textile looms.