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Olaudah Equiano

Olaudah Equiano
Olaudah Equiano, c.1789 © Equiano was an African writer whose experiences as a slave prompted him to become involved in the British abolition movement. In his autobiography, Olaudah Equiano writes that he was born in the Eboe province, in the area that is now southern Nigeria. He describes how he was kidnapped with his sister at around the age of 11, sold by local slave traders and shipped across the Atlantic to Barbados and then Virginia. In the absence of written records it is not certain whether Equiano's description of his early life is accurate. Doubt also stems from the fact that, in later life, he twice listed a birthplace in the Americas. Apart from the uncertainty about his early years, everything Equiano describes in his extraordinary autobiography can be verified.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/equiano_olaudah.shtml

Related:  Black British and Asian History

Maharaja Dalip Singh I1843 after the violent upheavals in the Punjab caused by the death of Ranjit Singh, his only remaining son, the seven-year-old Dalip Singh, became Maharaja. After the Anglo-Sikh war and the annexation of the Punjab by the British in 1849, Dalip Singh was separated from his mother, Rani Jindan. She was regarded by the British as a dangerous influence on the young boy. Olaudah Equiano Olaudah Equiano was born in Essaka, an Igbo village in the kingdom of Benin (now Nigeria) in 1745. His father was one of the province's elders who decided disputes. According to James Walvin "Equiano described his father as a local Igbo eminence and slave owner". When he was about eleven, Equiano was kidnapped and after six months of captivity he was brought to the coast where he encountered white men for the first time. Equiano later recalled in his autobiography, The Life of Olaudah Equiano the African (1787): "The first object which saluted my eyes when I arrived on the coast, was the sea, and a slave ship, which was then riding at anchor, and waiting for its cargo.

Princess Sophia Duleep Singh Things you may not know about Princess Sophia Duleep Singh Sophia had Indian, European and African ancestry. More Olaudah Equiano (c.1745-1797): The Former Slave, Seaman & Writer: The Abolition of Slavery Project Olaudah Equiano, was a former enslaved African, seaman and merchant who wrote an autobiography depicting the horrors of slavery and lobbied Parliament for its abolition. In his biography, he records he was born in what is now Nigeria, kidnapped and sold into slavery as a child. He then endured the middle passage on a slave ship bound for the New World. After a short period of time in Barbados, Equiano was shipped to Virginia and put to work weeding grass and gathering stones. In 1757, he was bought by a naval captain (Captain Pascal) for about £40, who named him Gustavas Vassa. Equiano was about 12 when he first arrived in England.

James Peters the 1st black Rugby Player James Peters (August 1879 – 26 March 1954) was an English rugby union player and, later, a rugby league player. He is notable as the first black man to play rugby union for England. He was also known as “Darkie Peters”. Olaudah Equiano and abolition Olaudah Equiano and abolition Abolitionist Olaudah Equiano (about 1745-1797) was one of the most prominent people of African heritage involved in the British debate for the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade. In 1789 he published his autobiography, 'The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa, the African'.

Sislin Fay Allen Britain’s First Black Policewoman Sislin Fay Allen was an inspiration for many when she became the Metropolitan Police’s first black female police officer, based at Croydon in the late 1960s. In 1968, Sislin Fay Allen, a nurse at Croydon’s Queens Hospital, became Britain’s first Black policewoman. Sislin Fay Allen was flicking through a newspaper in 1968 when she saw an advert for male and female police officers to which she replied. At the time there were no black female officers so the mum-of-two sat down and wrote an application. Within a few weeks Sislin had made it to the interview stage, shocking her husband and family when she was accepted. “On the selection day there were so many people there, the hall was filled with the young men. Black History Month: Home The slave who became a best selling author and abolitionist When thinking of the abolitionists of the 18th Century, there are several names that naturally come to mind – William Wilberforce, John Newton and Granville Sharp to name but a few. Yet there was one man whose bitter experiences proved a watershed moment for the abolitionist movement. He was a former slave who became a best selling author.

John Kent – the First Black Police Officer - 1837 However PC John Kent beat his record, as the son of a Caribbean slave who joined the police force in 1837. John Kent’s father, Thomas Kent, was brought to work on the estate of a Cumberland landowner returning from duty with the colonial civil service in the West Indies. His son was PC John Kent, who worked in Carlisle from 1837. The surname Thomas adopted was in recognition of the county where he landed late in the 18th century. John was born near Carlisle around 1795. LECTURE NOTES FOR OLAUDAH EQUIANO Equiano describes the Middle Passage as a hellish period, providing details about the horrific conditions on the slave ship that killed thousands of slaves before they reached the shores of their new home . Equiano's mention of the slave woman wearing the muzzle is brief, and his reaction is straightforward ("I was much shocked and astonished . . ."), but the purpose is clear. How can a civilized audience hear of such atrocities and not be equally shocked and horrified? He mentions the daily starvation and suffering of other slaves; he speaks of dreadful punishments (men are beaten, burned, hanged, and "staked to the ground, and cut most shockingly, and then his ears cut off bit by bit" - 773).

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