"Connecting the Fractal City", by Nikos A. Salingaros. Nikos A. SalingarosDepartment of Mathematics, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78249, USAKeynote speech, 5th Biennial of towns and town planners in Europe (Barcelona, April 2003). Published in PLANUM -- The European Journal of Planning On-line (March 2004); reprinted in DOXA, Issue 10, Norgunk Publishing House, Istanbul (June 2011), pages 78-101. Living cities have intrinsically fractal properties, in common with all living systems. Introduction. Figure 12.
To walk the path of Jane Jacobs – review of What We See, Advancing the Observations of Jane Jacobs Jane Jacobs died in the spring of 2006. Three years earlier she had published the last book of her illustrious career as a philosopher, Dark Age Ahead, prophesying the fall of North American civilization. Today, this civilization is having a severe stroke due to all the factors that she warned us about. Instead of feeling confident about the outcome, being armed with the knowledge and wisdom of a great philosopher, our societies are plunged into total confusion. I was invited to review a recently published collection of essays in honor of Jane Jacobs, “What We See: Advancing the Observations of Jane Jacobs”, gathering articles from a diverse crowd of intellectuals, academics, activists, acquaintances of Jane and honorary disciples. The first hint of this is seen in the epilogue, when editors Stephen Goldsmith and Lynne Elizabeth casually remark that Jane Jacobs “respected science” despite having “no academic pedigree”. Can North American civilization survive?
six trending urbanist themes for 2012 The urbanist calendar published on Monday was, admittedly, a visual provocation, setting a stage for thought about important urban issues for 2012. I see great merit in such urban exploration with a descriptive, rather than prescriptive approach. But there is another provocation—from 2011 professional experiences and featured articles—that offer several themes that I expect will also endure. Here is a synthesis of themes to watch, and why, based on my own encounters, and those of clients and friends. As illustration, I offer citation to several of my articles as they reappeared in the trend-capturing Planetizen (after original appearance in one or more of myurbanist, The Atlantic, The Atlantic Cities, The Huffington Post, Grist, Sustainable Cities Collective and Crosscut) . The themes span six subject areas, below. More Roles for Social Media Evolving communication technology has forever changed how we analyze and discuss the city. Make No Little Plans Without Twitter Urbanism Without Effort
Uruguay Schools, An Inclusive Architecture Republic of Uruguay Uruguay is a country of 187,000 km2 and 3.1 million inhabitants, most of them descendents of immigrants. The land has no great contrasts, with predominating large plains and a mild climate. During the first half of the 20th century, there was marked economic growth and the country was a classical exponent of the Welfare State in Latin America with popular sectors being protected through many social laws. The Uruguayan experience Primary education has been free, not religious and compulsory since the Reform of Varela at the end of the 19th century. In a short history of educational buildings, starting in the first decade of the 20th century, plans were developed according to Art Nouveau and Viennese Secession. In 1950, renewed ideas appeared through the prototypes made by Richard Neutra for Puerto Rico. Together with these changes, a process of Educational Reform has been developed since 1995. This is an important challenge.
MAS CONTEXT The Unravelling of the Real 3D Mandelbrot Fractal Visit First page Experimenting with iterations and powers Okay enough eye candy for now. Let's have a closer look at the structure of this beast. The final stage (infinity iterations) is very similar at first glance to iteration 5000 (unless you zoom right in), as the shape converges to a shape comprised of tangent circles. One interesting question is: Does this same phenomenon happen with our power 8, 3D Mandelbulb? Power 8 (zooming into this object produces all the eye candy on the previous page): Click any picture to enlarge. A higher quality image below, and a super-large 4000x4000 version is here for the patient. And once you zoom into that, you get the magic as shown before. Squaring (power 2) Zooming in to the object above will produce mostly relatively dull patterns and maybe one or two surprises, but which still mostly have only 'whipped cream' style textures (see here for a 7500x7500 pixel render if you're patient). Finally, let's take a look at power 3. Power 3 Click any to enlarge.
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