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FQXi - Foundational Questions Institute

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Physics and Astronomy Glossary Technical terms of science have very specific meanings. Standard dictionaries are not always the best source of useful and correct definitions of them. This glossary is not intended to be complete. It focuses on those terms which give students particular difficulties. Some words have subtle and intricate meanings which cannot be encapsulated in a short definition. That's why textbooks exist. This document is continually under development and may never be finished. Glossary Accurate. Absolute uncertainty. Compare: relative uncertainty. Action. Avogadro's constant. One must specify whether the value of Avogadro's constant is expressed for a gram-mole or a kilogram-mole. Though it seems inconsistent, the SI base unit is the gram-mole. Is Avogadro's constant just a number? , e, 3, 100, etc. The reciprocal of Avogadro's constant is numerically equal to the unified atomic mass unit, u, that is, 1/12 the mass of the carbon 12 atom. 1 u = 1.66043 x 10-27 kg = 1/6.02252 x 1023 mole-1. Because. cgs.

Utopia or Dystopia « where past meets future NASA - Home 13-alternative-search-engines-that-find-what-google-cant Advertisement R.I.P Google. What would be your first reaction if you saw this? Well, no one is chipping on that digital tombstone yet. But it does not mean that there is no grass outside that fence. These Search Engines Do What Google (Still) Can’t Some are worthy contenders for the second-place medallion while some are just go into those niche corners of the web. 1. Google does good for the world in its own way. Read through their FAQ where they open up about the project and also show you the progress of their planting programs. 2. Open your bag of privacy tools to add Qwant to the collection of no-tracking search engines. Even when you are connected with an ID, we don’t use any cookie nor any other tracking device when you browse the site. Local storage on your machine is used to save your settings and data. 3. Any search engine that does not store user data is always worth a try. Click the hamburger icon on the top right to tweak the settings. 4. 5. 6. Let’s talk about kids. 7. 8. 10.

As bright as a hundred million Suns: The clusters of monster stars that lit up the early universe -- ScienceDaily The first stars in the Universe were born several hundred million years after the Big Bang, ending a period known as the cosmological 'dark ages' -- when atoms of hydrogen and helium had formed, but nothing shone in visible light. Now two Canadian researchers have calculated what these objects were like: they find that the first stars could have clustered together in phenomenally bright groups, with periods when they were as luminous as 100 million Suns. Alexander DeSouza and Shantanu Basu, both of the University of Western Ontario in Canada, publish their results in a paper in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. The two scientists modelled how the luminosity of the stars would have changed as they formed from the gravitational collapse of disks of gas. In a small cluster of even 10 to 20 protostars, the ongoing bursts would mean the cluster would spend large periods with enhanced brightness.

Why the Global Brain needs a Therapist « Utopia or Dystopia The idea that the world itself could be considered an overarching form of mind can trace its roots deep into the religious longings of pantheism- the idea that the universe itself is God, or the closest thing we will ever find to our conception of God. In large part, I find pantheists to be a noble group. Any club that might count as its members a philosophical giant like Spinoza, a paradigm shattering genius such as Einstein, or a songbird like Whitman I would be honored to belong to myself. But alas, I have my doubts about pantheism- at least in particular its contemporary manifestation in the form of our telecommunications and computer networks being granted the status of an embryonic “global brain”. I wish it were so, but all the evidence seems to point in the other direction. Key figures in this idea that our communications networks might constitute the neural passageways of a great collective brain predate the Internet by more than a generation. EAGLEMAN: Yeah. Like this:

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