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10 Brainteasers to Test Your Mental Sharpness

10 Brainteasers to Test Your Mental Sharpness
Related:  New Mind Health

Memories Transplanted With Organs I recently came across an interesting and novel phenomenon via a remarkable fact I read on Kickassfacts.com. It seems organ recipients sometimes have living memories or peculiar affinities which somehow carried over along from their donor. Can the ‘Ship of Theseus’ that arrives with new oars, planks, and sail be considered the same ship that left port? Ethically, very few religions around the world actually have a problem with organ harvesting and transplantation. With reference to harvesting from the brain-dead, Pius XII said that knowledge of when death occurs is the domain of medical science. However, no religions to my knowledge presently acknowledge the idea that a person may somehow be incarnate after their death when another person has accepted that person’s organ. Paul Pearsall has actually written a book about the phenomenon of people retaining memories from their organ donors called “The Heart’s Code.” Also see the BBC documentary broaching the subject:

How Your Brain Decides Without You - Issue 19: Illusions Princeton’s Palmer Field, 1951. An autumn classic matching the unbeaten Tigers, with star tailback Dick Kazmaier—a gifted passer, runner, and punter who would capture a record number of votes to win the Heisman Trophy—against rival Dartmouth. Princeton prevailed over Big Green in the penalty-plagued game, but not without cost: Nearly a dozen players were injured, and Kazmaier himself sustained a broken nose and a concussion (yet still played a “token part”). The game not only made the sports pages, it made the Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. In watching and interpreting the game footage, the students were behaving similarly to children shown the famous duck-rabbit illusion, pictured above. I ought not to have felt bad. Attention can “be thought of as what you allow your eyes to look at.” But while everyone, at some point, can be made to see duck-rabbit, there is one thing that no one can see: You cannot, no matter how hard you try, see both duck and rabbit at once. References

The Brain Clock Blog Social and Mechanical Reasoning Inhibit Each Other I've got two questions for you. 1. Would water flow if there was a large hole in the tube? 2. Did your head feel any different while you were solving each problem? In recent years, neuroscientists have identified two opposed brain networks: the default mode network (DMN) and the executive attention network (EAN). In a recent study, Anthony Jack and colleagues argue that the crucial distinction between the two networks isn't internal vs. external attention but information processing. To test their hypothesis, they presented participants with social and physical scenarios (text and video), and asked them to predict the outcomes. What the researchers saw in the brain supported their theory. It appears we may have two main modes of thought, one that focuses on social interactions and the mental states of others, and another mode of cognition that focuses on inanimate objects and the physical principles that make them work. The researchers suggest that the key is "cognitive context".

ADDITIONAL ADD/ADHD RESOURCES « Dr Hallowell ADHD and mental and cognitive health Comprehensive ADHD Resources These are the best comprehensive ADHD resources we’ve found online: ADDA : The website for the Attention Deficit Disorder Association, this is aimed at the adult ADHD audience ADD on About.com : A regularly updated and comprehensive resource CHADD : The website for the non-profit organization Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD) ADD on WebMD : Another comprehensive resource, updated regularly Everyday Health Spotlight on Dr. www.addresources.org : Provides over 100 articles written by national ADHD authorities and adults with ADD, 100 links to ADHD related websites, a free monthly eNews letter and a national ADHD directory. www.kidsinthehouse.com: The ultimate parenting resource. ADHD Diagnosis What is the difference between Asperger’s Disorder (AS) and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)? Evaluation Protocol for AD/HD Distinguishing Executive Function Issues from ADD “Is It ADHD or Bipolar Disorder?” ADHD General ADHD and Marriage

The psychobiology of emotion: the role of the oxytocinergic system. Positive psychology. Return to Main page. Compiled by William Tillier Calgary Alberta. June, 2012. Table of contents Return to top A). Several early contributions to positive psychology were important including works by Jahoda (1958) and Maslow (1954). Seligman introduced positive psychology as "a movement" during his term as president of the APA in 1998. Positive psychology has been extremely successful on a number of fronts including over 1000 publications, numerous special issues, numerous handbooks, etc. Psychological concerns with happiness did not originate with Seligman. It appears that from its inception, positive psychology has been plagued by a number of inherent and significant problems. Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi criticized popular psychology and the various "unscientific" applications and self–help movements that developed as spinoffs of humanistic psychology. Positive experiences, positive emotions and strengths of character are also paramount in this approach. Common acronyms encountered: B).

Kazimierz Dabrowski Theory Positive Disintegration positive disintegration overexcitability psychoneurosis multilevelness dynamisms The key points of the theory of positive disintegration. Return to Main page. -- Developed by Kazimierz Dabrowski (1902-1980), a Polish psychologist and psychiatrist. -- As a youth, Dabrowski was affected by his experience of the aftermath of battle in World War I. -- When his best friend committed suicide during college in the 1920s, Dabrowski decided to study mental health. -- Based on his observations that highly sensitive individuals are vulnerable to suicide and self-mutilation, Dabrowski began to formulate and publish his theory, including the concepts of overexcitability and disintegration. -- Dabrowski was caught in World War II and endured harsh incarceration in the German prison system and later, he and his wife were imprisoned again in Stalin-controlled Poland. -- Dabrowski said he could find no theory of psychology that could adequately explain both the lowest and depraved behavior, as well as the most heroic and highest acts, he had witnessed. -- Dabrowski studied people who displayed exemplary personality development.

Dabrowski: 10 Constructs. Return to Main page. Dabrowski: 10 Constructs. Return to top Introduction: The dynamics of concepts (Dabrowski, 1973). Concepts Dabrowski presented a theory of personality development rich in new concepts. Concepts versus constructs. Simply put, as I understand it, concepts and constructs are both abstractions. It is helpful to have a brief general orientation to constructs before we look at the novel approach that Dabrowski proposed. One major application of constructs considers how human beings use concepts psychologically. “The properties of concepts explain how people categorize, reason inductively, draw analogies, or understand sentences. This context of concepts has received considerable attention in the psychological literature (Machery, 2009, 2007; Özdemir and Clark, 2007; Szostak, 2011). Concepts in psychological research Concepts as constructs describing psychological variables are the cornerstone of psychological theory building and research. Construct validity In Dabrowski’s words:

Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder - Robert O. Friedel MD, Steven Gans MD, John M. Grohol Psy.D. All of the psychotherapies proving successful for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) strive to address underlying deficits in the ability of patients to relate to others and manage emotions, longstanding problems that are typically rooted in childhood experience. Several forms of psychotherapy— including dialectical-behavioral therapy (DBT), cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), transference-focused therapy, and mentalization-based therapy - have been found in studies to be effective for Borderline Personality Disorder. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) Transference-focused therapy (TFP) Dialectical-behavioral therapy (DBT) Schema-focused Therapy (SFT) and Mentalization-based therapy (MBT) Experts say this new crop of clinical trials has propelled the field into the era of evidence-based medicine. "The field is coming into its own because we are doing randomized, controlled trials to determine what actually works," Joel Paris, M.D., told Psychiatric News. Dialectical-behavioral therapy

Borderline Personality Disorder Demystified - symptoms, nature, and treatment are outlined and explored Before taking the Online Test, it will be helpful to review the main symptoms of the disorder. Symptoms Borderline personality disorder is a mental disorder that results in four groups of symptoms: Impaired Emotional Control: excessive, poorly regulated emotional responses, especially anger, that change rapidly;Harmful Impulsivity: impulsive behaviors that are harmful to you or to others, such as spending sprees, excessive use of alcohol or drugs, self-injurious acts (e.g., cutting), physically aggressive acts and sexual indiscretions;Impaired Perceptions and Reasoning: suspiciousness, misperceptions, an unstable self-image, a poor sense of your identity, and difficulty in reasoning under stress; andDisrupted Relationships: tumultuous relationships with a person close to you that vary from extreme fear of abandonment to episodes of excessive anger and the desire to get away from that person. To receive an immediate response now, take this Online Test for BPD! Professional Help >

Borderline (Emotionally Unstable) Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder: Treatment and management - Summarized From NICE (UK) Guidelines (2009) The management of crises Principles and general management of crises When a person with borderline personality disorder presents during a crisis, consult the crisis plan and: maintain a calm and non-threatening attitude try to understand the crisis from the person's point of view explore the person's reasons for distress use empathic open questioning, including validating statements, to identify the onset and the course of the current problems seek to stimulate reflection about solutions avoid minimising the person's stated reasons for the crisis refrain from offering solutions before receiving full clarification of the problems explore other options before considering admission to a crisis unit or inpatient admission offer appropriate follow-up within a time frame agreed with the person.

Smart and smarter drugs “You know how they say that we can only access 20 per cent of our brain?” says the man who offers stressed-out, blank-screened ‘writer’ Eddie Morra a fateful pill in the 2011 film Limitless. “Well, what this does, it lets you access all of it.” Limitless is what you get when you flatter yourself that your head houses the most complex known object in the universe, and run away with the notion that it must have powers to match. Most people’s best days still leave them wondering what might have been. Even small differences in cognitive performance can make a world of difference – between a good CV and an outstanding one, between a second-class degree and a first, and between a winner and an also-ran. It’s also been suggested that some students are taking cognitive enhancement drugs on into their professional lives after they graduate – in a report in New York magazine, for example, which dubbed the wake-promoting agent modafinil ‘the real Limitless drug’. None of these drugs are new.

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