M-theory is a theory in physics that unifies all consistent versions of superstring theory. The existence of such a theory was first conjectured by Edward Witten at the string theory conference at the University of Southern California in the summer of 1995. Witten's announcement initiated a flurry of research activity known as the second superstring revolution. Background Quantum gravity and strings One of the deepest problems in modern physics is the problem of quantum gravity. Number of dimensions In everyday life, there are three familiar dimensions of space (up/down, left/right, and forward/backward), and there is one dimension of time (later/earlier). Despite the obvious relevance of four-dimensional spacetime for describing the physical world, there are several reasons why physicists often consider theories in other dimensions. Dualities Main articles: S-duality and T-duality A diagram of string theory dualities. and winding number in the dual description. .
11: Number theoryIntroduction Number theory is one of the oldest branches of pure mathematics, and one of the largest. Of course, it concerns questions about numbers, usually meaning whole numbers or rational numbers (fractions). Elementary number theory involves divisibility among integers -- the division "algorithm", the Euclidean algorithm (and thus the existence of greatest common divisors), elementary properties of primes (the unique factorization theorem, the infinitude of primes), congruences (and the structure of the sets Z/nZ as commutative rings), including Fermat's little theorem and Euler's theorem extending it. But the term "elementary" is usually used in this setting only to mean that no advanced tools from other areas are used -- not that the results themselves are simple. The remaining parts of number theory are more or less closely allied with other branches of mathematics, and typically use tools from those areas. Other areas of number theory are also quite analytical. History Subfields
Number theoryNumber theory (or arithmetic[note 1]) is a branch of pure mathematics devoted primarily to the study of the integers, sometimes called "The Queen of Mathematics" because of its foundational place in the discipline. Number theorists study prime numbers as well as the properties of objects made out of integers (e.g., rational numbers) or defined as generalizations of the integers (e.g., algebraic integers). Integers can be considered either in themselves or as solutions to equations (Diophantine geometry). Questions in number theory are often best understood through the study of analytical objects (e.g., the Riemann zeta function) that encode properties of the integers, primes or other number-theoretic objects in some fashion (analytic number theory). One may also study real numbers in relation to rational numbers, e.g., as approximated by the latter (Diophantine approximation). The older term for number theory is arithmetic. History Origins Dawn of arithmetic such that .
Magdalene's Lost LegacyIn Greek, in which the New Testament was written, as earlier had been done in Hebrew and later even in the Roman alphabet, every letter was given a numerical value. By adding together the numerical values of the letters in a name, verse or epithet (such as “the Magdalene”), the reader is able to obtain the symbolic value of that phrase. Phrases and words in both the Jewish bible and the New Testament that share the same value thereby become linked in their significance and must be taken into account, in this ancient but now academically ignored way of explicating the meaning of sacred texts. In constructing her arguments, Starbird gives full credit to the authors who laid their foundation. Michell’s book City of has provided for Starbird the basis of her arguments in Magdalene’s Lost Legacy, as she clearly recognises. Mathematically, 153 is also related to the square root of 3, which before the use of the radical sign in mathematics was expressed by the ratio of 265 to 153.
John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.(1) In the beginning.--The reference to the opening words of the Old Testament is obvious, and is the more striking when we remember that a Jew would constantly speak of and quote from the book of Genesis as Ber?shith ("in the beginning"). It is quite in harmony with the Hebrew tone of this Gospel to do so, and it can hardly be that St. John wrote his Ber?shith without having that of Moses present to his mind, and without being guided by its meaning. Was the Word. With God. Parallel Commentaries ... Greek InἘν(En)PrepositionStrong's 1722: In, on, among. [the] beginningἀρχῇ (archē)Noun - Dative Feminine SingularStrong's 746: From archomai; a commencement, or chief. wasἦν (ēn)Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person SingularStrong's 1510: I am, exist. theὁ (ho)Article - Nominative Masculine SingularStrong's 3588: The, the definite article. andκαὶ (kai)ConjunctionStrong's 2532: And, even, also, namely. withπρὸς (pros)PrepositionStrong's 4314: To, towards, with. Jump to Previous
ArmageddonArmageddon (from Ancient Greek: Ἁρμαγεδών Harmagedōn, Late Latin: Armagedōn) will be, according to the Book of Revelation, the site of gathering of armies for a battle during the end times, variously interpreted as either a literal or symbolic location. The term is also used in a generic sense to refer to any end of the world scenario. Christianity Megiddo is mentioned twelve times in the Old Testament, ten times in reference to the ancient city of Megiddo, and twice with reference to "the plain of Megiddo", most probably simply meaning "the plain next to the city". None of these Old Testament passages describes the city of Megiddo as being associated with any particular prophetic beliefs. Dispensationalism The Dispensational viewpoint interprets biblical prophecy literally and expects that the fulfillment of prophecy will also be literal, depending upon the context of scripture. Pentecost further describes the area involved: Jehovah's Witnesses Islam