untitled The North Atlantic Treaty, signed Washington D.C. 4 April 1949 The Parties to this Treaty reaffirm their faith in the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and their desire to live in peace with all peoples and all governments. They are determined to safeguard the freedom, common heritage and civilisation of their peoples, founded on the principles of democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law. Background Two years after the Second World War, on 4 March 1947, France and Britain signed the Treaty of Dunkirk, to support each other if either of them should 'become again involved in hostilities with Germany'. A year later, on 17 March 1948, France and Britain joined with the Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to sign the Treaty of Brussels. 1. pledged to ' fortify and preserve the principles of democracy, personal freedom and political liberty'. 2. changed ‘involved in hostilities with Germany’ to ‘an armed attack in Europe’. The Formation of NATO Principles 2.
A Secret Landscape: The Cold War Infrastructure of the Nation's Capital Region Lesson Plans History American Government High School - USHistorySite.com The Cold War As of July 1, 2013 ThinkQuest has been discontinued. We would like to thank everyone for being a part of the ThinkQuest global community: Students - For your limitless creativity and innovation, which inspires us all. Teachers - For your passion in guiding students on their quest. Partners - For your unwavering support and evangelism. Parents - For supporting the use of technology not only as an instrument of learning, but as a means of creating knowledge. We encourage everyone to continue to “Think, Create and Collaborate,” unleashing the power of technology to teach, share, and inspire. Best wishes, The Oracle Education Foundation
How the Cold War Developed 1949-63 How peaceful was Peaceful Coexistence? Hungary, 1956: causes of the rising, why it was a threat to the USSR and how the soviets dealt with it; the effects on Europe and the Cold War The continuation of the nuclear arms/space race: Sputnik 1; ICBMs; Polaris; Gagarin; Apollo The U2 Crisis 1960: the purpose of U2; the responses of the USA and the USSR to the crisis; the effect on the Paris Summit and the peace process The situation in Berlin: the Berlin Wall; Kennedy’s response. How close to war was the world in the 1960s?
Berlin Blockade A move to test our ability and our will to resist. President Truman, speaking in 1949 The climax of the struggle for power over Germany and Europe. Avi Shlaim, Britain, the Berlin Blockade and the Cold War (1983) The first major crisis of the Cold War, setting up the stage for the decades of tension that were to follow. Rebecca Byrnes (an Australian student) on Suite 101.com The first point where war between the two superpowers was possible. ‘Booji’, a contributor to www.debatewise.com The USSR had already disagreed with Britain and the USA at Potsdam (July 1945) about what should be done with Germany. There had been particular disagreement about reparations: Britain and America had wanted Germany to recover economically, but the Russians had gained the right to take 10% of the industrial equipment of western Germany, and as whatever they wanted from their own zone in eastern Germany: Berlin, in Russia's zone, was also split into 4 zones. New Words Blockade: a siege. Bizonia Currency: money.
Teaching Adolescents How to Evaluate the Quality of Online Information An essential part of online research is the ability to critically evaluate information. This includes the ability to assess its level of accuracy, reliability, and bias. In 2012, my colleagues and I assessed 770 seventh graders in two states to study these areas, and the results definitely got our attention. Unfortunately, over 70 percent of the students’ responses suggested that: Middle school students are more concerned with content relevance than with credibility They rarely attend to source features such as author, venue, or publication type to evaluate reliability and author perspective When they do refer to source features in their explanations, their judgments are often vague, superficial, and lacking in reasoned justification Other studies highlight similar shortcomings of high school and college students in these areas (see, for example, a 2016 study from Stanford). So what can you do to more explicitly teach adolescents how to evaluate the quality of online information?
Introduction: Human Evolution Read full article Continue reading page |1|2|3 The incredible story of our evolution from ape ancestors spans 6 million years or more, and features the acquirement of traits from bipedal walking, large brains, hairlessness, tool-making, hunting and harnessing fire, to the more recent development of language, art, culture and civilisation. Darwin's The Origin of Species, published in 1859, suggested that humans were descended from African apes. Over the last century, many spectacular discoveries have shed light on the history of the human family. Walking tall Humans are really just a peculiar African ape - we share about 98% of our DNA with chimpanzees, our closest living relatives. At around 6 million years ago, the first apes to walk on two legs appear in the fossil records. Bipedalism may have evolved when drier conditions shrank dense African forests. Scientist's have modelled her gait using computers. Tooled up Modern lookers More From New Scientist Promoted Stories Recommended by
10 Ridiculous Cold War Government Projects Politics The Cold War was a period of time when all of the countries of the world waited with baited breath to see what the outcome of the decades-long hard staring contest between the United States and the Soviet Union would be. As the nuclear arms race ramped up, some of these countries (either voluntarily or otherwise) picked sides; some began developing nuclear programs of their own, and most just kept their heads down and quietly hoped for another day without complete annihilation. Most are aware of some of the truly shady things done by intelligence agencies and military organizations during this period, but the sheer scope of programs designed to figure out the capabilities of and/or screw with the other guy—and the ridiculous amounts of money and effort involved—is staggering. Before the development of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile and the real threat of total nuclear destruction, people projected their Atomic fears onto all kinds of weird things. Col. Body.
Road to World War II International relations 1919-39: basic narrative overview Peace to War 1919-39: clear overview aimed specifically at the old AQA GCSE. Podcasts: - Giles Hill on the Road to War - BBC debate-podcast on what caused the war - quirky view History Learning Site - excellent IGCSE notes: an exemplar set of student notes The BBC Causes of World War II site An excellent site on 'Why World War II?' A good set of notes, suitable for top-GCSE/A-level, which address long- and short-term causes and give a brief historiography. A site studying the theories of AJP Taylor about why there was a war Cartoonists and the idea of a Stufenplan - Did Hitler have a plan for war? A site about 1938 - including many radio broadcasts
The Warsaw Security Pact: May 14, 1955 The Warsaw Security Pact: May 14, 1955 Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance Between the People's Republic of Albania, the People's Republic of Bulgaria, the Hungarian People's Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the Polish People's Republic, the Rumanian People's Republic, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Czechoslovak Republic, May 14, 1955 (1) who, having presented their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed as follows: Article 1 The Contracting Parties undertake, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations Organization, to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force, and to settle their international disputes peacefully and in such manner as will not jeopardize international peace and security. Article 2 Article 3 Article 4 Measures taken on the basis of this Article shall be reported to the Security Council in conformity with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations Organization.
Document Analysis Worksheets Document analysis is the first step in working with primary sources. Teach your students to think through primary source documents for contextual understanding and to extract information to make informed judgments. Use these worksheets — for photos, written documents, artifacts, posters, maps, cartoons, videos, and sound recordings — to teach your students the process of document analysis. Follow this progression: The first few times you ask students to work with primary sources, and whenever you have not worked with primary sources recently, model careful document analysis using the worksheets. Don’t stop with document analysis though. Materials created by the National Archives and Records Administration are in the public domain. These worksheets were revised in February, 2017.
Ancient Roman History Timeline Provides a chronological index of the history of Ancient Rome with extensive links to internet resources. Emphasis is placed upon the use of primary source material, numismatics, and a focus upon the roles of women in ancient time. scroll down for the timeline Thank you for visiting! Timeline Menu Ridley Scott's GLADIATOR is a great film. Is it great history? Click here to learn the real story behind the events and characters portrayed in the movie. Kindly report any suggestions, problems, errors, or dead links by emailing david(at)exovedate.com Using info from this site? For detailed copyright information and bibliographic citation, click here contact the author by emailing david(at)exovedate.com (note: replace (at) with the @ symbol) Copyright © David Neelin: All Rights Reserved c. 2nd Millennium BCE || Archeological Remains Archeology reveals human remains, elk bones, bronze artifacts (rings, axes, etc.) c. 1st Millennium BCE || The Etruscans 753 BCE || Legendary Founding of Rome then later: