Jewish Myth, Magic, and Mysticism: Lilith - semen demon or feminist icon? Exactly who or what is Lilith? Now regarded by Jewish esoteric tradition to be one of the four queens of demons, the nature of Lilith has undergone many reinterpretations throughout Jewish history. [Illustration: etching of Lilith on a metal amulet] The origins of Lilith are probably found in the Mesopotamian lilu, or “aerial spirit.” Some features of Lilith in later Jewish tradition also resemble those of Lamashtu, a Babylonian demoness who causes infant death. There is one mention of lilot (plural) in the Bible (Isa. 34:14), but references to lilith demons only become common in post-Biblical Jewish sources. Furthermore, the characterization of Lilith as a named demonic personality really only begins late in antiquity. Jewish tradition gradually fixes on lilith as a female demon. The use of “Lilith” as the proper name of a specific demonic personality first appears in the Midrash. In answer to your question concerning Lilith, I shall explain to you the essence of the matter.
Background on the Golem Legends In order to understand Golem by David Wisniewski it is useful to read some of the research and writings about this very old legend and the issues connected to it. The story has connections to Jewish mysticism while also possessing a long thread in fictional literature. The excerpts provided below help to frame your understanding of this legend and the additional readings serve to fill out any gaps remaining. Cabala (Hebrew, "received tradition"), generically, Jewish mysticism in all its forms; specifically, the esoteric theosophy that crystallized in 13th-century Spain and Provence, France, around Sefer ha-zohar (The Book of Splendor), referred to as the Zohar, and generated all later mystical movements in Judaism. In Jewish legend, an image or form that is given life through a magical formula. From: Entry on "Golem" in Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia Deluxe Edition, c. 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation, Disc 1. From: "Golem" entry in the Encyclopedia Judaica. . . . . . . Basso, Eric.
Four different kinds of Judaism: undefined Four different kinds of Judaism: 1. Reform Judaism (its site) 2. 3. 4. Reference: Greenstein, Howard R. Epstein, Isidore. Unterman, Alan. This article follows mainly on Greenstein's books; page number without mentioning the author is referred to Greenstein. Moses Mendelssohn penetrated it into Judaism. He accepted 3 articles: 1. the existence of God; 2. He translated Hebrew Bible into German. 1. History: Under the influence of New world (US), the individualism, rationalism, universalism, and optimism. c) Change of Radical Reform: 1937 Columbus Platform goals: i)Freedom to examine the reasons of existing practice. Originator: David Friedlander (1756-1834) : [Epstein p.291] Medelssohn's disciples. Founder: Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise [p.117] Viewpoint/History: The denial of the authority of the Bible and Talmud by Reform Judaism made for individualism.
The Standard Prayer Book Contents Start Reading Page Index Text [Zipped] This is a Jewish prayer book, or Siddur, containing prayers, meditations, and texts used during life passage ceremonies including circumcision, marriage and funerals, with variants for Jewish holy days. It includes texts such as the Ten Commandments, the Maimonidean 13 Principles of Faith, and the Pirqe Aboth (Ethics of the Fathers). This Siddur, The Standard Prayer Book, appears to have been widely used in the early 20th century. This is the first freely available, open-source online Siddur posted on the Internet.--J.B.
The 24 Books of the Hebrew Bible In their simplest form, the twenty-four books of the Jewish Bible - the Tanach - present a history of the first 3500 years from creation until the building of the second Temple in Jerusalem. The books also relate the history of the Jewish nation from its earliest stage, through the giving of the Law at Mount Sinai, and until the end of the first commonwealth. But the Tanach is much more than just history. In it one can learn about G-d's plan for the world and of His relationship with mankind, specifically, His chosen nation - the Jews. Here is where G-d tells us what He wants us to do! "And now, Israel, what does the Lord your G-d want of you? Presented here is a very short overview of each of the books of Tanach, divided into three main categories: the Chumash, the Prophets and the Writings. The Five Books of Moses (Chumash)
Anti-Semitic Legends translated and/or edited by D. L. These legends reflect an anti-Jewish sentiment long exhibited by European Christians. Contents Return to D. The Jews' Stone Austria In the year 1462 in the village of Rinn in Tyrol a number of Jews convinced a poor farmer to surrender his small child to them in return for a large sum of money. The child's mother was working in a field when the murder took place. According to legend a shepherd cut down the birch tree, from which the child had hung, but when he attempted to carry it home he broke his leg and died from the injury. Source: Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, Deutsche Sagen (1816/1818), no. 353. The Girl Who Was Killed by Jews Germany In the year 1267 in Pforzheim an old woman, driven by greed, sold an innocent seven-year-old girl to the Jews. A few days later little Margaret reached her little hand above the streaming water. Suspicion fell upon the Jews, and they were all summoned to appear. Pfefferkorn the Jew at Halle Source: J. Germany Source: J. Italy
Ancient Scripts: Home Different types of Jewish Mysticism In all religious traditions there is a mystical form of worship. The Sufis are a form of Muslim mystics, in Christianity there are monks that follow mystical traditions, and of course in Judaism there are mystics. The Jewish form of Mysticism is refered to as Kabbalah. The word Kabbalah in Hebrew means “received”. Kabbalah is a received tradition from the prophets of ancient times. However, in recent times there is a huge desire for the spreading of Kabbalah. Many times people watch movies that are filled with action and adventure, movies that deal with supernatural connections. Before one can delve deep into the mysteries of mysticism, they need to be deeply grounded in the Bible. In the ancient times, a tabernacle was constructed by Moshe (Moses) and this was to allow for a dwelling place of the Almighty amongst the nation of Israel. There are three types of Mysticism in Judaism. The first type of Mysticism is referred to as Bereshit Mysticism. Merkavah in Hebrew means chariot.
Legends of the Jews Sacred Texts Judaism The Legends of the Jews By Louis Ginzberg This is a massive collation of the Haggada--the traditions which have grown up surrounding the Biblical narrative. Volume I: From the Creation to Jacob Title PagePrefaceContentsChapter I: The Creation of the WorldChapter II: AdamChapter III: The Ten GenerationsChapter IV: NoahChapter V: AbrahamChapter VI: Jacob Volume II: From Joseph to the Exodus Title PagePrefaceContentsChapter I: JosephChapter II: The Sons of JacobChapter III: JobChapter IV: Moses in Egypt Volume III: From the Exodus to the Death of Moses Title PagePrefaceContentsChapter IChapter II.Chapter III.Chapter IV.Chapter VChapter VIChapter VII Volume IV: From Joshua to Esther
An Introduction to Judaism: History, Religion, Jews, Israel and Scriptures Judaism is the religion commonly linked to Jewish people. It is based on the principles contained in the Hebrew Bible, the Tanakh, which are expanded and explained in the Talmud. In 2007, the world Jewish population was of 13.2 million, 41 percent of which reside in Israel, whilst the remaining is spread around the world (the diaspora). Jewish history begins with the covenant established between God and Abraham around 1812 BC, during the Bronze Age, in the Middle East. Abraham is a central figure in Judaism, being considered the Patriarch and progenitor of the Jewish people. Throughout their history, Jewish people experienced times of great expansion and advance in knowledge (both theological and scientific) which were interspersed by periods of persecution and massacres. In 1947 the United Nations agreed to create the State of Israel in what was then Palestine. Beliefs and principles Being a Jew is very much a blood matter. Interesting facts
Borromean rings in Christian iconography The mystery of the Christian Trinity is expressed in the Athanasian Creed: we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in unity; neither confounding the Persons, nor dividing the substance. Trying to depict this triune nature without leaving oneself open to attacks of polytheism was problematic, and geometrical symbols became popular. The equilateral triangle, consisting of three equal parts, equally joined, was used as an early symbol of the Trinity. Today, the Borromean rings are commonly used as a symbol of the Trinity. `God is Life' surrounded by `Father', `Son' and `Holy Spirit'; `God is' surrounded by `Word', `Light' and `Life'; the phrases `Trinitas Unitate' (three in one) and `Unitas Trinitate' (one in three) distributed over the diagram. Circles in Christian Iconography The association of rings with the Trinity can be traced back to Saint Augustin of Hippo (354-430). In the sixth dialogue he discussed the Trinity. From Joachim's Liber Figurarum. References Y. M. M. M. J.
The Jewish Outreach Institute What are the different denominations (types) of Judaism? In North America today, the four main branches of Judaism are Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist. Within these denominations themselves, however, there is a great degree of variation in practice and observance. Orthodoxy is the modern classification for the traditional section of Jewry that upholds the halakhic way of life as illustrated in a divinely ordained Torah. Halakha refers to the legal aspect of Judaism, and is also used to indicate a definitive ruling in any particular area of Jewish law. Reform Judaism (also known as Liberal or Progressive Judaism) subjects religious law and customs to human judgment, attempting to differentiate between the facets of the Torah that are divine mandate and those that are specific to the time in which they were written. Conservative Judaism developed mainly in the twentieth century as a reaction to Reform Judaism's liberalism. -- Does every Jew fit within a denomination?