Jewish Myth, Magic, and Mysticism: Lilith - semen demon or feminist icon? Exactly who or what is Lilith? Now regarded by Jewish esoteric tradition to be one of the four queens of demons, the nature of Lilith has undergone many reinterpretations throughout Jewish history. [Illustration: etching of Lilith on a metal amulet] The origins of Lilith are probably found in the Mesopotamian lilu, or “aerial spirit.” Some features of Lilith in later Jewish tradition also resemble those of Lamashtu, a Babylonian demoness who causes infant death. There is one mention of lilot (plural) in the Bible (Isa. 34:14), but references to lilith demons only become common in post-Biblical Jewish sources. Furthermore, the characterization of Lilith as a named demonic personality really only begins late in antiquity. Jewish tradition gradually fixes on lilith as a female demon. The use of “Lilith” as the proper name of a specific demonic personality first appears in the Midrash. In answer to your question concerning Lilith, I shall explain to you the essence of the matter.
Background on the Golem Legends In order to understand Golem by David Wisniewski it is useful to read some of the research and writings about this very old legend and the issues connected to it. The story has connections to Jewish mysticism while also possessing a long thread in fictional literature. The excerpts provided below help to frame your understanding of this legend and the additional readings serve to fill out any gaps remaining. Cabala (Hebrew, "received tradition"), generically, Jewish mysticism in all its forms; specifically, the esoteric theosophy that crystallized in 13th-century Spain and Provence, France, around Sefer ha-zohar (The Book of Splendor), referred to as the Zohar, and generated all later mystical movements in Judaism. In Jewish legend, an image or form that is given life through a magical formula. From: Entry on "Golem" in Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia Deluxe Edition, c. 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation, Disc 1. From: "Golem" entry in the Encyclopedia Judaica. . . . . . . Basso, Eric.
The Standard Prayer Book Contents Start Reading Page Index Text [Zipped] This is a Jewish prayer book, or Siddur, containing prayers, meditations, and texts used during life passage ceremonies including circumcision, marriage and funerals, with variants for Jewish holy days. It includes texts such as the Ten Commandments, the Maimonidean 13 Principles of Faith, and the Pirqe Aboth (Ethics of the Fathers). This Siddur, The Standard Prayer Book, appears to have been widely used in the early 20th century. This is the first freely available, open-source online Siddur posted on the Internet.--J.B.
Anti-Semitic Legends translated and/or edited by D. L. These legends reflect an anti-Jewish sentiment long exhibited by European Christians. Contents Return to D. The Jews' Stone Austria In the year 1462 in the village of Rinn in Tyrol a number of Jews convinced a poor farmer to surrender his small child to them in return for a large sum of money. The child's mother was working in a field when the murder took place. According to legend a shepherd cut down the birch tree, from which the child had hung, but when he attempted to carry it home he broke his leg and died from the injury. Source: Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, Deutsche Sagen (1816/1818), no. 353. The Girl Who Was Killed by Jews Germany In the year 1267 in Pforzheim an old woman, driven by greed, sold an innocent seven-year-old girl to the Jews. A few days later little Margaret reached her little hand above the streaming water. Suspicion fell upon the Jews, and they were all summoned to appear. Pfefferkorn the Jew at Halle Source: J. Germany Source: J. Italy
Ancient Scripts: Home Legends of the Jews Sacred Texts Judaism The Legends of the Jews By Louis Ginzberg This is a massive collation of the Haggada--the traditions which have grown up surrounding the Biblical narrative. Volume I: From the Creation to Jacob Title PagePrefaceContentsChapter I: The Creation of the WorldChapter II: AdamChapter III: The Ten GenerationsChapter IV: NoahChapter V: AbrahamChapter VI: Jacob Volume II: From Joseph to the Exodus Title PagePrefaceContentsChapter I: JosephChapter II: The Sons of JacobChapter III: JobChapter IV: Moses in Egypt Volume III: From the Exodus to the Death of Moses Title PagePrefaceContentsChapter IChapter II.Chapter III.Chapter IV.Chapter VChapter VIChapter VII Volume IV: From Joshua to Esther
Borromean rings in Christian iconography The mystery of the Christian Trinity is expressed in the Athanasian Creed: we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in unity; neither confounding the Persons, nor dividing the substance. Trying to depict this triune nature without leaving oneself open to attacks of polytheism was problematic, and geometrical symbols became popular. The equilateral triangle, consisting of three equal parts, equally joined, was used as an early symbol of the Trinity. Today, the Borromean rings are commonly used as a symbol of the Trinity. `God is Life' surrounded by `Father', `Son' and `Holy Spirit'; `God is' surrounded by `Word', `Light' and `Life'; the phrases `Trinitas Unitate' (three in one) and `Unitas Trinitate' (one in three) distributed over the diagram. Circles in Christian Iconography The association of rings with the Trinity can be traced back to Saint Augustin of Hippo (354-430). In the sixth dialogue he discussed the Trinity. From Joachim's Liber Figurarum. References Y. M. M. M. J.
The Wisdom of Israel Sacred Texts Judaism Wisdom of the East Contents Start Reading Page Index Text [Zipped] This is a short anthology of passages from the Jewish wisdom literature of the Talmud and Midrash, part of the Wisdom of the East series. Title PageContentsEditorial NoteIntroductionWhy God Permits IdolatryThe Lamp that Goes Out when its Light is Done, and the Figs that are Gathered in their Due SeasonThe Labourers in the VineyardThe Likeness of a Palm-TreeThe Tutor and the Naughty PrincelingThose NearestThe Heritage of the Unborn PrinceThe Traveller and the Tree in the DesertBetter Feed the Poor than Entertain the AngelsThe Sand, and the Furnace that PurifiesThe Stars are not envious! Ten Commandments The Ten Commandments, also known as the Decalogue, are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity. They include instructions to worship only God and to keep the sabbath, and prohibitions against idolatry, blasphemy, murder, theft, dishonesty, and adultery. Different groups follow slightly different traditions for interpreting and numbering them. Terminology In biblical Hebrew, the Ten Commandments are called עשרת הדברים (transliterated Asereth ha-D'bharîm) and in Rabbinical Hebrew עשרת הדברות (transliterated Asereth ha-Dibroth), both translatable as "the ten words", "the ten sayings" or "the ten matters". The Tyndale and Coverdale English translations used "ten verses". The Geneva Bible appears to be the first to use "tenne commandements", which was followed by the Bishops' Bible and the Authorized Version (the "King James" version) as "ten commandments". Story in Exodus and Deuteronomy Traditions:
Tanach (JPS) The Jewish Publication Society translation This is the Jewish Publication Society translation of the Tanach, the Hebrew Bible. This etext is a completely new transcription, based on a first edition of the 1917 text, which is under preparation at the Internet Sacred Text Archive and by volunteers. Due to the size of this project, we are posting each book as we go. Successive books will appear in the near future. We welcome any reports of typographical errors in this electronic text. Title PagePrefaceThe Law Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges I Samuel II Samuel I Kings II Kings
Proto-Canaanite / First Tongue / Ark of the Covenant New Discovery Supports Belief ThatArk Of The Covenant Is In Yemen Five lines of ancient script on a shard of pottery could be the oldest example of Hebrew writing ever discovered, an archaeologist in Israel says. November 1, 2008 -- The shard [right] was found by a teenage volunteer during a dig about 20km (12 miles) south-west of Jerusalem. It contains symbols believed to be that of an ancient alphabet called proto-Canaanite or First Tongue. Experts at Hebrew University said dating showed it was written 3,000 years ago - about 1,000 years earlier than the Dead Sea Scrolls. Scripts in Yemen appear to be written in this same alphabet and translations, using ancient Hebrew, describe the burial of the Ark of Moses at a site near Mareb -- in the ancient kingdom of Saba. Scientists caution that further study is needed to understand this. Above: proto-Canaanite alphabet used by Gary Vey and John McGovern in their global research with this ancient language (aka: "First Tongue" and "Old Negev").
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