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Institute for Science in Medicine (ISM) Immune system protein regulates sensitivity to bitter taste New research from the Monell Center reveals that tumor necrosis factor (TNF), an immune system regulatory protein that promotes inflammation, also helps regulate sensitivity to bitter taste. The finding may provide a mechanism to explain the taste system abnormalities and decreased food intake that can be associated with infections, autoimmune disorders, and chronic inflammatory diseases. In addition to its role in mediating inflammation, TNF has been implicated in the progression of varied diseases ranging from Alzheimer's disease to cancer. "Reduced food intake and associated malnutrition is a significant concern that affects the long-term prognosis of many people who are very ill," said senior author Hong Wang, PhD, a molecular biologist at Monell. "Our findings reveal that bitter taste is regulated by the immune system. Specifically, TNF may make sick people more sensitive to bitterness so that foods taste more bitter and less appetizing."

100 Very Cool Facts About The Human Body The Brain The human brain is the most complex and least understood part of the human anatomy. There may be a lot we don’t know, but here are a few interesting facts that we’ve got covered. Nerve impulses to and from the brain travel as fast as 170 miles per hour. Hair and Nails While they’re not a living part of your body, most people spend a good amount of time caring for their hair and nails. Facial hair grows faster than any other hair on the body. Internal Organs Though we may not give them much thought unless they’re bothering us, our internal organs are what allow us to go on eating, breathing and walking around. The largest internal organ is the small intestine. Bodily Functions We may not always like to talk about them, but everyone has to deal with bodily functions on a daily basis. Sneezes regularly exceed 100 mph. Sex and Reproduction As taboo as it may be in some places, sex is an important part of human life as a facet of relationships and the means to reproduce. Senses

Society for Science-Based Medicine The human microbiome: Me, myself, us WHAT’S a man? Or, indeed, a woman? Biologically, the answer might seem obvious. A human being is an individual who has grown from a fertilised egg which contained genes from both father and mother. A healthy adult human harbours some 100 trillion bacteria in his gut alone. And it really is a system, for evolution has aligned the interests of host and bugs. That bacteria can cause disease is no revelation. A bug’s life One way to think of the microbiome is as an additional human organ, albeit a rather peculiar one. The microbiome, too, is organised. Specialised; but not monotonous. That detail is significant. This early nutritional role, moreover, is magnified throughout life. The fat of the land This role in nutrition points to one way in which an off-kilter microbiome can affect its host: what feeds a body can also overfeed or underfeed it. Experiments on mice suggest this is not just a question of the bacteria responding to altered circumstances. Signal failures A question of culture

Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences | Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy - The University of Texas Medical School at Houston Welcome to Neuroscience Online, the Open-Access Neuroscience Electronic Textbook This online, interactive courseware for the study of neuroscience is provided by the Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston. The project is being developed under the direction of the Department Chair and Editor, John H. Byrne. This content is intended to function as an online multimedia resource, and therefore is not supported as a downloadable or printable text. After you have taken the opportunity to explore this electronic textbook, please take a moment to participate in our brief user survey. You have reached this version of Neuroscience Online by using an iOS or mobile device. have content optimized for iOS devices, however, not all animations are in HTML5. Visit Neuroanatomy Online, our new open-access electronic laboratory designed to compliment Neuroscience Online. Section 2: Sensory Systems Section 3: Motor Systems

collective intelligence course aims to improve responses to COVID-19, other crises The GovLab at NYU Tandon teams with 11 global institutions to offer free classes on effective disaster response BROOKLYN, New York, April 06, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Working with 11 partner institutions around the world, The Governance Lab (The GovLab) at the New York University Tandon School of Engineering today launches a massive open online course (MOOC) on “Collective Crisis Intelligence.” The course is free, open to anyone, and designed to help institutions improve disaster response through the use of data and volunteer participation. Thirteen modules have been created by leading global experts in major disasters such as the post-election violence in Kenya in 2008, the Fukushima nuclear plant disaster in 2011, the Ebola crisis in 2014, the Zika outbreak in 2016, and the current coronavirus. More information on the courses is available at About The Governance Lab at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Rudy's List of Archaic Medical Terms - Antiquus Morbus Home Homemade Bandages You may need to make a homemade bandage in an emergency situation when you have no ready-made first aid materials available. Some people also like to make their own bandages for cost or environmental reasons. Homemade bandages are much cheaper than over-the-counter alternatives, and allow you to use materials that would otherwise be thrown away. Making an Emergency Bandage Find some gauze to use as a dressing for the wound. If gauze is not available, use a paper towel. How to Make a Roomy Slingback Fit Better Find some sticky tape. Cut or tear the gauze or paper towel into the right shape and size for the wound you are dressing. How to Tape a Hurt Toe Stick tape firmly over the dressing to hold it in position. Bandages for Your Medicine Cabinet Make a compress or rolled bandage out of an old white cotton sheet. Make a triangular bandage out of any strong cotton material. Cut a variety of widths from the legs of some old stretch jeans to make elastic bandages. Tips Warnings The Wrap Up

APA Format for Nursing School Books: Drug Guides, Care Plans & More After 20-plus pages of writing and hours of research, a student’s head may be a bit scrambled. Therefore, we created this list to help those in such predicaments. This page includes a list of resources commonly used by nursing students in school. Care Plan/Nursing Diagnosis Books in APA Style Reference Page Citations Axton, S. & Fugate, T. (2008). In-Text Citations (Axton, & Fugate, 2008)(Bulechek, Butcher, McCloskey-Dochterman, & Wagner, 2012)(Carpenito-Moyet, 2012)(Doenges, Moorhouse, & Murr, 2009)(Gulanick & Myers, 2014)(Hertenstein-McKinnon, 1997)(Hunt & Zurek, 1997)(Klopp, 2002)(Ladwig & Ackley, 2013)(Luxner, 2004)(Moorhead, Johnson, Maas, & Swanson, 2012)(NANDA, 2011)(Schultz & Videbeck, 2012)(Sparks-Ralph & Taylor, 2013)(Sparks-Ralph & Taylor, 2012)(Sparks-Ralph & Taylor, 2010)(Stanhope & Knollmueller, 1997)(Swearingen, 2011)(Varcarolis, 2014)(Wilkinson & Ahearn, 2008) Drug Guides for Nurses in APA Style Hodgson, B., & Kizior, R. (2013). Laboratory Manuals in APA Style Huether, S.