Glossary of Technical Terms for Sound and PA Engineers EQ Chart | ObiAudio This is from a thread on Future Producers..I did not write this and do…to an extent…agree with most of this. I just copied and pasted the good stuff: To understand EQ and its intricacies you need hands-on experience, but to help you get started, here’s a table of general uses and the different ranges that EQ can affect. As every sound is different, though, these are necessarily very general guidelines… Kick Drum Any apparent muddiness can be rolled off around 300Hz. 50-100Hz ~ Adds bottom to the sound 100-250Hz ~ Adds roundness 250-800Hz ~ Muddiness Area 5-8kHz ~ Adds high end presence 8-12kHz ~ Adds Hiss Snare Try a small boost around 60-120Hz if the sound is a little too wimpy. 100-250Hz ~ Fills out the sound 6-8kHz ~ Adds presence Hi hats or cymbals Any apparent muddiness can be rolled off around 300Hz. 250-800Hz ~ Muddiness area 1-6kHz ~ Adds presence 6-8kHz ~ Adds clarity 8-12kHz ~ Adds brightness Bass Try boosting around 60Hz to add more body. Vocals Piano Electric guitars Acoustic guitar 1.
Audio Recording: Levels NOTICE: If you don't want to read any this or just don't care to understand it, there's a "dumbed down" version at the bottom. Let me get something out of the way here - I'm going to try to keep this very "fool proof" - I'm not trying to sound or present this very scientifically - This is just the rantings of hundreds and hundreds of posts on a dozen or more audio forums exploding like a volcano recorded with lots of headroom. I just hope to instill a basic understanding of why certain trends and common beliefs are just plain bad. Is this a "miracle cure" for bad recordings? So, if you've been struggling with recordings that sound "weak" or "small" or too dense or "just not 'pro' enough" then please, read on. As a mastering engineer, I work on recordings from pretty much every level of experience. "Ultra rookie" recordings - Those made by people with little or no experience, sounded fine. You're probably recording too hot. First, let's get through a little nomenclature -
The Music Maze Making a Cello As I showed in the previous posting, the top and back have different archings – the top has a pronounced saddle, or flattening, in the middle. To understand why we have to take a brief detour into the land of acoustics. But one as seen through the eyes of a violinmaker – which is the difference between an engineer explaining the airplane you’re sitting in, cruising over the Atlantic four miles up, versus the guy with the tuna sandwich who was sitting out on the wing with a screwdriver an hour before you took off. Acoustics, like the instrument itself, is as much art as it is science; which means that when you get down to it, there’s as much theory as there is settled fact. So what follows is a combination of what I’ve been told and what I’ve read, seasoned by thirty-five years of trial and (ok, very occasionally) error and over seventy cellos (I suppose you could count the violins and violas, too; they work the same way). Let's begin with the basics: sound is the displacement of air.
AmbientMusicGuide.com - A Guide To Essential Ambient & Downtempo Albums DIY Recording Studio Acoustic Panels Acoustic treatments are often used to help improve the acoustics of a room by taming "flutter echoes," "room modes," and other problems which arise from a room's dimensions and construction. Although a variety of treatments are available for commercial use, they tend to be quite expensive. After some research both online and in print, we came across several sources for DIY acoustic treatments using rigid fiberglass panels and simple frames. These are often referred to as "bass traps," although the ones that we're focusing on have a fairly wide rage of absorption. While commercial versions are available for almost $100, we were able to make these panels for about $24 each. We can not take credit for this design, but have combined several people's ideas into a step-by-step guide. For more information, check out the good folks in the acoustics forum at recording.org
Privnote - Send notes that will self-destruct after being read Stereomood (Playlist by Emotion) 47 Sites Every Recording Musician Should Visit In a recent “Open Mic” we asked you, “Which music-related sites do you visit regularly?” This article is a summary of the great suggestions given in the comments to that article. You can make the list even longer by commenting on this article. As you’re reading this article, Audiotuts+ needs no introduction. Several commenters mentioned Audiotuts+ - thanks for the support! This is a great Flash site with many resources to help you learn music theory. The site content is split up as follows: Lessons, including topics that cover notation, chords and scalesTrainers, that teach you notes, keys, intervals, triads, keyboard, guitar and brass. Michael comments: “I have found very helpful. This is a site that helps you with scales and chords. The charts are guitar-based, and there are options for various alternate tunings and other stringed instruments. A website that helps you learn musical scales and chords. Joe comments: “Great Ableton/sound design videos.”
- Tracking : Resource Library and More Information Look here for articles on applied recording techniques and mic placement. It all starts here! Acoustic Guitar Tracking the acoustic guitar is a huge subject, because so much contributes to the final sound—player, instrument, room acoustics, mic choice and placement, effects, and more. Electric Guitar The electric guitar is the central sound of rock music, and has influenced everything from blues and country to electronica. Bass Recording the bass can be as straightforward as a simple DI to the console or as complex as multiple mics on an acoustic bass fiddle or giant amp stack. Other Guitars The archtop, the dobro, the parlor guitar, the pedal steel—scary to the newcomer, each with its own challenges. Drums & Percussion Miking drums is an art form. Vocals The human voice is the most recognizable sound to the human brain. Horns & Woodwinds Whether you're recording jazz, jump blues, R&B, or whatever, a clear and present woodwind track or a slamming horn section can make your arrangement fly.
How Can I Set Up a Home Recording Studio on the Cheap? Dear Lifehacker, I want to start recording music at home but I don't have any equipment or software. I also don't really have any money. Is there a way I can get started without breaking the bank? Sincerely, Broke Musician Dear Broke, Definitely. A microphone An audio interfaceDigital Audio Workstation (DAW) softwareA digital keyboardStudio monitorsHeadphonesCables This list assumes, of course, that you already have a computer. The Microphone The microphone might be the most vital component of your home studio because the whole point of the studio is to record audio. If you can shell out a little more money for a standard mic (and the audio interface you'll need to connect it), you'll want to concentrate on condenser microphones with a cardioid pickup pattern. The Audio Interface The audio interface is what connects your mics and, potentially, instruments to your computer. DAW Software Digital Keyboard If you're getting something cheap, you should buy new. Studio Monitors Headphones Cables
How to Use a Noise Gate to Get Rid of Unwanted Noise in Your Audio Recordings Unfortunately, for musical composition you are going to have to pay for things if you want real quality. I'm not exactly sure what you want though; For notation you really need Finale or Sibelius, other free or shareware programs might be workable, but for full control over anything you are going to have to pay for the program. For real sounding instrument samples, I suggest either Reason or Logic. Both are going to cost a pretty penny, but the sheer amount of samples that comes with something like logic is astounding (Over 50 Gb of real instrumental samples and things) I would also suggest looking into an M-Audio box, for microphone capture, and a Midi controller for direct inputs from an electric piano. You can find basically all of that at M-Audio's website: [www.m-audio.com] Hope it helps! Are you looking for shareware/freeware or are you willing to pay? Try REAPER. I'm willing to pay something reasonable.