Micromonde Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Un micromonde est le nom donné à un environnement informatique particulier, où l'utilisateur, et particulièrement, l'enfant, est mis dans une situation de grande autonomie. Les micromondes appartiennent au cadre des réflexions sur les méthodes de pédagogie active, et ils sont l'un des objets d'étude des EIAH (environnements informatiques pour l'apprentissage humain). Genèse[modifier | modifier le code] Inspirés par le travail de Piaget d'une part et leurs expériences en intelligence artificielle d'autre part, des gens comme Seymour Papert ou Marvin Minsky se sont rapidement posés la question de savoir quelle place pouvait avoir l'ordinateur dans cette démarche constructiviste : il n'était plus temps de proposer à l'enfant un apprentissage programmé, celui-ci devait devenir véritablement acteur de la construction de ses connaissances. Objectifs des micromondes[modifier | modifier le code] Capture d'écran de l'environnement Squeak
La morte dell'individualità L’idea che siamo individui dal pensiero libero ha plasmato la società occidentale per secoli. I dati però ci mostrano che ciò che domina realmente è il pensiero di gruppo. Per gran parte della nostra storia ci è stato insegnato che la verità e la morale vengono da Dio e dal Re, e che il libero arbitrio è solo una questione teologica. Nel corso del tempo i concetti di razionalità e individualità hanno profondamente modellato i governi e le culture dell’Occidente. Ma fino a che punto siamo individui con libertà di pensiero ? Una recente ricerca sta iniziando a scoprire il grado in cui ci comportiamo come individui indipendenti. Per sviluppare questa nuova scienza sono stati studiati dei veri e propri laboratori viventi. Ciò significa che se nell’ufficio tutti gli altri mangiano le ciambelle, anche tu probabilmente inizierai a farlo. Il fattore più trainante nell’adozione di nuovi comportamenti è stato il comportamento dei coetanei. La logica dietro a tutto questo è semplice.
On the Swedish voucher system Swedish test-scores are deteriorating, both among native Swedes and immigrants. The left is blaming this on Sweden's popular system of vouchers. The Swedish private schools ("friskolor") are funded by public vouchers but privately owned and managed, which the left dislikes. In this article for example "ideological...market-experiments" are accused of having caused a decline in the "level of knowledge in schools". However if we look at PISA-test-scores 2000-2009, it is apparent that 8th-grade test scores are dropping like a rock in public schools, but actually increasing in private schools. Between 2006-2009 the results fall declined in private schools, but even during this period they fell more in public schools. Keep in mind that there may be composition changes going on here, which the averages don't tell us about. First, the private school sector remains small, with less than 10% of 8th graders tested by PISA in 2009. Having written all this, let me criticize the right.
50 Ways to Use Twitter in the Classroom Many critics of Twitter believe that the 140-character microblog offered by the ubiquitous social network can do little for the education industry. They are wrong. K-12 teachers have taken advantage of Twitter’s format to keep their classes engaged and up-to-date on the latest technologies. The following projects provide you and your students with 50 ways to Twitter in the classroom to create important and lasting lessons. 1. One of the simplest ways that teachers can use Twitter in the classroom involves setting up a feed dedicated exclusively to due dates, tests or quizzes. 2. Subscribe to different mainstream and independent news feeds with different biases as a way to compare and contrast how different perspectives interpret current events and issues. 3. Set up an interesting assignment requesting that students set up Twitter for education lists following feeds relevant to their career goals and keep a daily journal on any trends that crop up along the way. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
Who am I surrounding myself with? To recap: I've outlined twenty areas of introspection I wanted to explore over the course of twenty days and I'm sharing it here — not because I think you'll care about my conclusions, but rather because it might provide a perspective for similar pursuits by others — or not. I really like Nick Crocker's assertion that "You end up being the average of the people you spend your life with" — and I think he's probably right to some extent. I don't know that I've ever been terribly methodical about understanding who and how I spend my life around, choosing instead to allow that mix to be something of a byproduct of choices around where I work, where I socialize and how I spend my free time. This evening, I sat down to take an inventory of the kinds of people with whom my time is spent, through two different lenses. First, by function: I identified four different groups of people with whom I spend considerable time, and tried to make an estimate of the portion of time I spend with each.
Une école Freinet : une pédagogie alternative en milieu populaire. Editions L’HarmattanCollection Savoir et FormationParis, juillet 2007 Le projet mis en place a donc résulté de la convergence de deux logiques principales : celle de certains membres de la Régionale de 1’ICEM qui souhaitaient pouvoir travailler ensemble de la petite section de Maternelle au CM2 et mettre à l’épreuve la validité de leurs principes et de leurs dispositifs pédagogiques dans un milieu urbain en grande difficulté ; celle de l’inspecteur de la circonscription qui cherchait des moyens, tout en stimulant les écoles environnantes et en luttant contre l’échec scolaire, pour « remonter » ce groupe scolaire dont la réputation s’était alors cristallisée autour de résultats scolaires problématiques et d’un climat d’incivilités engendrant une baisse tendancielle des effectifs susceptible d’entraîner la fermeture de classes.
Lasting Relationships Rely On 2 Traits Every day in June, the most popular wedding month of the year, about 13,000 American couples will say “I do,” committing to a lifelong relationship that will be full of friendship, joy, and love that will carry them forward to their final days on this earth. Except, of course, it doesn’t work out that way for most people. The majority of marriages fail, either ending in divorce and separation or devolving into bitterness and dysfunction. Of all the people who get married, only three in ten remain in healthy, happy marriages, as psychologist Ty Tashiro points out in his book The Science of Happily Ever After, which was published earlier this year. Social scientists first started studying marriages by observing them in action in the 1970s in response to a crisis: Married couples were divorcing at unprecedented rates. Psychologist John Gottman was one of those researchers. From the data they gathered, Gottman separated the couples into two major groups: the masters and the disasters.
The Daily Advance If parents want to yank their children out of public schools and enroll them in a private or for-profit school, let them. But North Carolina lawmakers shouldn’t steal from public education to pay for it. Across the country, Republican-controlled legislatures are pushing for private school vouchers paid for with public tax dollars to cover the cost of tuition. Louisiana recently shifted tens of millions in tax dollars out of its public schools to pay private industry, business owners and church pastors to educate children. Republicans in North Carolina are also using their majority to try and push through similar private school expansion plans. A bill by House Majority Leader Paul Stam, R-Wake, would let corporations divert their entire yearly state tax debt to help parents afford private school tuition. The plan would allow those tax monies to then be used to create scholarships for students from low-income families to use to attend private or religious schools.
The Source for Youth Ministry - TheSource4YM.com This is a great game for small to medium sized groups that not only offers the prospect of winning a prize, but also provides a "unique" learning experience. Only a few supplies are needed. Objective:Teens will be given an opportunity to exercise their mental faculties by determining whether a story is either Fact or Fiction. The teens who get the most answers correct will win prizes. Supplies: For this game, you will need to have a sheet of paper with "FACT" printed on one side and "FICTION" printed on the other. Optional:One option is to put the myths and answers in a Powerpoint presentation, so that on one slide, the myth is presented, and on the next slide the answer is revealed. Playing The Game:Explain to the teens that they will be presented with myths and true stories and will have to choose whether it is FACT or FICTION. Most correct answers wins. Here are a few ideas to get you started. Round 1: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Round 2: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
Advertising agencies are dying, just as they become most vital | Media Network There is a curious tension in the current agency landscape – a vast mismatch between what clients’ needs are and what agencies are working on, and this gap seems to be widening. It seems like companies have never struggled with bigger problems, as chief marketing officers face the most daunting challenges of a lifetime, but curiously, agencies seem to offer smaller solutions than ever. Isn’t it time agencies stepped up to the plate? The internet has been a mixed blessing, a volatile combination of incredible, new possibilities, rampant change and some of the most destructive forces the marketplace has ever seen. On a communications level we have a plethora of new media channels, memes circling the world in seconds, the app of the moment bursting onto the scene, and trends like content marketing, native advertising, and influencer marketing to navigate and leverage. You would imagine this would have led to large-scale changes in the advertising industry.
Lecture numérique et culture écrite FranÃ§ois Morellet - Emprunt nÂ°7 - 1997, gravure sur inox brossÃ© Le débat lancé par Nicholas Carr en Août 2008 ("Is Google making us stupid?") a ouvert, en grand et soudainement, le débat sur la lecture numérique. La lecture numérique a en effet cessé d’être une simple « tendance technique », dans le sens de Leroi Gourhan. Elle est devenue une pratique culturelle, c’est-à-dire qu’un milieu humain associé s’ordonne autour d’un nouveau dispositif technique. La question de départ pourrait être: « est-il concevable de lire à l’écran? Elle devient ensuite: "la lecture numérique peut-elle se substituer à la lecture classique, comprise comme la lecture du texte imprimé, essentiellement du livre, telle qu’on l’apprend à l’école?" Plus généralement encore: comment la lecture numérique, comme culture et comme pratique, prend-elle place dans la culture écrite? Dans cette perspective, notre point de départ doit être le reflux de la culture écrite, et plus particulièrement de la lecture.
Money Makes You Less Rational Than You Think Kinja is in read-only mode. We are working to restore service. Two year ago, Berkeley researchers showed that people who drive expensive vehicles are four times more likely to cut off drivers of lower status vehicles. The researchers concluded that higher social class can predict increased unethical behavior. This supports my theory that Lexus drivers are the worst. if I get cut off, its almost always by a Lexus. (My personal sample size is higher for the Lexus brand than other luxury automobiles.) Flagged In my experience people in luxury brands tend to drive without regard for other drivers, usually driving erratically (very slow then very fast, similar to people that are texting; swerving around without checking lanes, never signalling, drifting out into the middle of an intersection during a red light then not going when the light turns green; generally like self-important pricks) people in expensive sporty looking cars tend to drive more aggressively, cutting people off, etc.