Layers of the Rainforest By: C.M.Shorter EMERGENT LAYER The Emergent Layer is the highest level of the Rainforest. Giant trees reach to the sky. It is not uncommon for the hardwood evergreens and broad-leaf Rainforest trees to reach an amazing 180 to 200’ in height. CANOPY LAYER The Canopy Layer is found directly beneath the Emergent Layer. Many Epiphytic Plants, commonly called “air plants” like Bromeliads and Orchids grow in the Canopy Layer. UNDERSTORY LAYERThe Understory Layer is directly underneath the Canopy Layer and on top of the Forest Floor. FOREST FLOOR The Forest Floor is the ground layer. << Back to Amazon Rainforest Next: Rainforest Territory of the World >> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Also: Bio-Prospecting in the Rainforest | People of the Amazon Rainforest
The Plants of the Rainforest A tropical greenhouse More than two thirds of the world's plant species are found in the tropical rainforests: plants that provide shelter and food for rainforest animals as well as taking part in the gas exchanges which provide much of the world's oxygen supply. Rainforest plants live in a warm humid environment that allows an enormous variation rare in more temperate climates: some like the orchids have beautiful flowers adapted to attract the profusion of forest insects. Competition at ground level for light and food has lead to evolution of plants which live on the branches of other plants, or even strangle large trees to fight for survival. The aerial plants often gather nourishment from the air itself using so-called 'air roots';.
Landforms in Tropical Rainforests The tropical rainforests are characterized by a variety of landforms and which give rise to a complex ecosystem in this region. The tropical rainforests are found in lowland regions. Topographical features of the rainforest regions include the mountains, valleys, streams, wetlands, rivers, etc. Major Landforms in Tropical Rainforests The tropical rainforest biome is amongst the important ones on this planet. Mountain A mountain is a topographical feature that rises above surrounding areas and has an altitude higher than a hill. Valley A valley, is also referred to as dale. Wetland The soil of wetlands is saturated with water. Stream Description of the stream can be presented as water current that flows through a path called bed. Flood Plain It is a flat and vast area present adjacent to rivers or streams. River A stream and river is differentiated on the basis of their size. The different landforms of tropical rainforests give rise to a complex ecosystem with varied species.
What Animals Live In The Amazon Rainforest? - WorldAtlas.com The Amazon Rainforest, also known as the Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is the largest rainforest on earth and is home to 427 mammals (e.g. jaguar, sloth, and river dolphin), 1,300 birds (e.g. macaw ), 378 reptiles (e.g. anaconda and Jesus lizard ), more than 400 amphibians (e.g. glass frog and poison dart frog). It covers 40% of the South American continent and can be found within the following countries: Peru, Ecuador, Columbia, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname as well as in French Guiana, a department of France. The Amazon consists of several ecosystems and vegetation types and is very species-rich. 15. The Capybara is similar in appearance to cavies and guinea pigs. 14. As their name implies, this variety of sloths loves to chow down on bugs, including ants. 13. A favorite pet of many people around the world. 12. These beautiful raptors live across much of Central America in addition to the Amazonian jungles. 11. 10. 9. 8. 7. 6. 5. 4. 3. 2. 1.
Saving Forests Page Content These nature-based initiatives aid in global mitigation efforts by preserving or restoring standing forests, which absorb massive amounts of carbon from the atmosphere.[Click to enlarge & view our slideshow] Protecting forests has always been central to CI's mission. Human activity is the main cause of deforestation, usually tied to economic development, increasing consumption rates – in both developed and developing countries – and extractive industries such as logging. Pristine jungles are burned and cleared for farming and ranching, or for plantations to produce biofuel crops. Science in Action: Putting out Fires The loss is irreplaceable. Forests also are important ecosystems in the balance of nature, providing a multitude of resources and services essential to all people. In addition, burning and clearing forests emits approximately 16 percent of the greenhouse gases that cause climate change, more than all the world's cars, trucks, and airplanes combined.
Rain Forest -- National Geographic In Brazil, which houses 30 percent of the remaining tropical rain forest on Earth, more than 50,000 square miles of rain forest were lost to deforestation between 2000 and 2005. Biologists worry about the long-term consequences. Drought may be one. Some rain forests, including the Amazon, began experiencing drought in the 1990s, possibly due to deforestation and global warming. Efforts to discourage deforestation, mainly through sustainable-logging initiatives, are underway on a very limited basis but have had a negligible impact so far. The rain forest is nearly self-watering. Plants in the rain forest grow very close together and contend with the constant threat of insect predators. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) estimates that 70 percent of the anti-cancer plants identified so far are rain forest plants. Many trees and plants, like orchids, have been removed from the rain forest and cultivated.
Rainforest Facts for Kids Did You Know? Although lions can go astray in forests or jungles mostly due to a depleting habitat, they are not found in any type of rainforest in the world, and always prefer open plains, grasslands, or dry forests. Rainforests are forests that receive a high amount of rainfall (68 to 75 inches), more or less governing life on the Earth. Given their rich diversity, tropical rainforests are often called Jewels of the Earth. Except Antarctica, rainforests can be found on every continent on the Earth. There are two types of rainforests: (1) Tropical rainforests; and (2) Temperate rainforests. A rainforest is divided into four parts: Emergent Layer - Being the topmost layer, it receives maximum sunlight and is marked by the tallest trees (called emergents) in that area.Canopy Layer - This layer is located above the understory layer and below the emergent layer. The canopy forms such a dense cover that the rain falling on it takes 10 minutes to reach the surface of the ground.
Species Profiles Birds Mammals Plants Reptiles Saving Forests Page Content These nature-based initiatives aid in global mitigation efforts by preserving or restoring standing forests, which absorb massive amounts of carbon from the atmosphere.[Click to enlarge & view our slideshow] Protecting forests has always been central to CI's mission. Human activity is the main cause of deforestation, usually tied to economic development, increasing consumption rates – in both developed and developing countries – and extractive industries such as logging. Pristine jungles are burned and cleared for farming and ranching, or for plantations to produce biofuel crops. Science in Action: Putting out Fires The loss is irreplaceable. Forests also are important ecosystems in the balance of nature, providing a multitude of resources and services essential to all people. In addition, burning and clearing forests emits approximately 16 percent of the greenhouse gases that cause climate change, more than all the world's cars, trucks, and airplanes combined.
Endangered Rainforest Animals Animals are categorized under endangered species if they are at risk of becoming extinct either because of their few numbers or due to the change in the environmental condition. As per the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) data, about 40 percent of the total organisms are on the verge of extinction in the near future. In 1963, the IUCN created the Red Data List of more than 15,500 species, after evaluating the extinction risk of various species and subspecies worldwide. This list is also known as IUCN Red List of Threatened Species or IUCN Red List. Among the many ecosystems, rainforests are those forest areas that are characterized by heavy rainfall (1750 - 2000 mm). Types of Endangered Rainforest Animals Gorilla Scientific Name:Gorilla gorillaIUCN Red List Category and Criteria: Critically Endangered A4cde ver 3.1 Sumatran Orangutan Scientific Name:Pongo abeliiIUCN Red List Category and Criteria: Critically Endangered A2cd ver 3.1 Javan Rhinoceros
Rainforest Animals Rainforests Facts Facts about Rainforests Do you know how many tropical rainforest plants have been identified as having anti-cancer properties? Or how many continents around the world contain rainforests? And just how quickly are the world's rainforests disappearing? Find out the answers to these questions and more as you check out these interesting rainforest facts! Facts about the Global Coverage of Rainforests Covering less than 2 percent of the Earth's total surface area, the world's rainforests are home to 50 percent of the Earth's plants and animals. Facts about the Rainforest as Part of our Global Environment and Well-being Rainforests act as the world's thermostat by regulating temperatures and weather patterns. Facts about the Abundant Life and Important Resources that Rainforests Share with Us A typical four-square-mile patch of rainforest contains as many as 1,500 flowering plants, 750 species of trees, 400 species of birds and 150 species of butterflies. Want to Test Your Rainforest Knowledge?
Blue Planet Biomes - World Biomes What is a Biome? A biome is a large geographical area of distinctive plant and animal groups, which are adapted to that particular environment. The climate and geography of a region determines what type of biome can exist in that region. All living things are closely related to their environment. The earth includes a huge variety of living things, from complex plants and animals to very simple, one-celled organisms. Mexico Facts for Kids Did you know? Bullfighting is the national sport of Mexico. However, the fútbol (football) has become more popular in recent times. Facts About Mexico for Children Mexico is part of the continent of North America. ➥ The total area of Mexico is 761,600 sq miles. Golden Eagle is Mexico's national bird. ➥ The official language of Mexico is Spanish, but they speak other tongues as well. ➥ Mexico has the highest number of Spanish-speaking population in the entire world. ➥ The official name of Mexico is United Mexican States. ➥ The total number of states in Mexico is thirty one. Mexico City, is amongst the most populated cities in the world. ➥ Mexico has the second largest Catholic population in the entire world, after Brazil. ➥ Moreover, indigenous people represent about 10% of the country's total population. Mexico's currency is known as Mexican peso. ➥ One of the major economies of the world, Mexico is the world's largest producer of silver, and the tenth largest producer of oil.