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Automated Driving: Legislative and Regulatory Action - CyberWiki

Automated Driving: Legislative and Regulatory Action - CyberWiki
From CyberWiki This page tracks legislative and regulatory developments related to automated driving, automatic driving, autonomous driving, self-driving vehicles, and driverless cars. It was started by Bryant Walker Smith (blog and Twitter), is maintained by Gabriel Weiner, and should be cited as: Gabriel Weiner and Bryant Walker Smith, Automated Driving: Legislative and Regulatory Action, cyberlaw.stanford.edu/wiki/index.php/Automated_Driving:_Legislative_and_Regulatory_Action For analysis of the current legal status of so-called autonomous cars in these and other states, please see Automated Vehicles Are Probably Legal in the United States. That report also contains draft model language. International Law (Treaties) Proposed amendment of the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Traffic: For discussion of the 1949 Geneva and 1968 Vienna Conventions on Road Traffic, please see Automated Vehicles Are Probably Legal in the United States. Federal Regulatory Guidance State Bills Current Enacted Other Media

http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/wiki/index.php/Automated_Driving:_Legislative_and_Regulatory_Action

Related:  Developments in Automated DrivingAutonomous VehiclesSelf driven cars

Countdown to Mainstreaming of Self-Driving VehiclesThe Eno Center for Transportation BY EVA LERNER-LAMPresidentPalisades Consulting Group, Inc. There is a lot of excitement today about the concept of so-called “self-driving vehicles.” Global management consulting firms and scholarly think tanks are predicting that within the next decade, autonomous vehicles will emerge as one of the world’s most “disruptive technologies,” changing everything from auto ownership and accident rates to land use and transportation infrastructure policies. There is a sense of a countdown to a time when automation will manifest itself in the vehicles navigating our roads just as automation just a few decades ago took over manually operated elevators. Today’s drivers are anxious to see how emerging technologies can help them avoid collisions and possibly even enable them to enjoy in-vehicle texting and entertainment without the “distraction” of driving (Image: Soterea) They are probably right.

Liability and Regulation of Autonomous Vehicle Technologies Autonomous vehicle technologies and advanced driver-assistance systems have the potential to significantly improve transportation safety and efficiency, and, collectively, they may offer tremendous social, economic, and environmental benefits. As these technologies increasingly perform driving functions, they also create a shift in responsibility for driving from the driver to the vehicle itself. This motivates a new look at liability and regulatory regimes because of the increasing uncertainty about what should happen when the inevitable crash occurs and the implications for the adoption of these technologies. This research is an initial step toward understanding these issues and creating an integrated collection of policies to address them.

How Google's Self-Driving Car Works Once a secret project, Google's autonomous vehicles are now out in the open, quite literally, with the company test-driving them on public roads and, on one occasion, even inviting people to ride inside one of the robot cars as it raced around a closed course. Google's fleet of robotic Toyota Priuses has now logged more than 190,000 miles (about 300,000 kilometers), driving in city traffic, busy highways, and mountainous roads with only occasional human intervention. The project is still far from becoming commercially viable, but Google has set up a demonstration system on its campus, using driverless golf carts, which points to how the technology could change transportation even in the near future. Stanford University professor Sebastian Thrun, who guides the project, and Google engineer Chris Urmson discussed these and other details in a keynote speech at the IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems in San Francisco last month. Watch:

A Bot in Every Garage and on Every Street Here's an idea on how fast bots are going to roll out and why botageddon in some form is inevitable. Morgan Stanley (with good reason) anticipates that 100% of all of the automobiles sold in the US will be self-driving by 2026. That's only 12 years from now. What's pushing this forward so fast? The Netherlands to become a test country for self-driving cars News item | 23-01-2015 The Netherlands will become a testing ground for self-driving vehicles. As proposed by Minister Schultz van Haegen of Infrastructure and the Environment, the Council of Ministers approved an amendment of the regulations to enable large-scale tests with self-driving cars and lorries at public roads. The Cabinet aims to have the Netherlands play a leading role in the development of self-driving vehicles and systems enabling vehicles to communicate with one another and with traffic control centres. The Netherlands has a suitable infrastructure and – with knowledge institutes and the automotive sector – the know-how required to facilitate tests with self-driving vehicles.

Autonomous car An autonomous car,[1] also known as a driverless car,[2] self-driving car[3] or robot car,[4] is an autonomous vehicle capable of fulfilling the human transportation capabilities of a traditional car. As an autonomous vehicle, it is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input. Robotic cars exist mainly as prototypes and demonstration systems. Currently, the only self-driving vehicles that are commercially available are open-air shuttles for pedestrian zones that operate at 12.5 miles per hour (20.1 km/h). Autonomous vehicles sense their surroundings with such techniques as radar, lidar, GPS, and computer vision. Drone Cargo Ships Will Make the Real World Work Like the Internet Image: Rolls-Royce Holdings Rolls Royce is moving toward a world where a single tap on a smartphone could set a massive cargo ship in motion half a world away. As reported by Bloomberg, the company best known for luxury cars is designing drone cargo ships it says would be cleaner, more efficient, and less expensive than the manned ocean freighters that transport most of the world’s cargo today.

Dutch to experiment with self-driving cars that cooperate with each other Ministers have approved the large-scale testing of self-driving cars and trucks on public roads in the Netherlands arguing the technology could cut jams, improve road safety and reduce pollution. The cabinet wants the Netherlands to take a ‘leading role’ in the development of self-driving cars and systems to allow vehicles to communicate with each other, the infrastructure ministry said in a statement. Large-scale testing is planned to start in the summer, if parliament approves changes to current legislation, a ministry spokeswoman told news agency AFP. Last November, infrastructure minister Melanie Schultz kicked off the first Dutch test on a public road. Stereo Cameras Spot Pedestrians, Stop Your Car Stereoscopic vision helps humans and other highly evolved species spot prey and predators. It’s also why two cameras mounted on your windshield are better at spotting hazards, sending that information to the active safety system, and stopping your car before you take out Grandma. A stereo camera can analyze the difference between to images, more accurately detect objects ahead and determine their size and distance. “This cannot be done sufficiently reliably with mono cameras, which only estimates distances and … only able to identify objects that they have learned,” Friedrich Angerbauer, head of Continental’s Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) business unit, told Wired. Stereo cameras are also more expensive, which explains why the technology will first appear on the next generation Mercedes-Benz S-Class due out next year, according to Automotive News. The stereo camera will be paired with a radar sensor that detects objects over 200 yards ahead.

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