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Encyclopædia Iranica

Encyclopædia Iranica
Related:  Historia

Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368) During the Yuan dynasty, China—for the first time in its long history—was completely subjugated by foreign conquerors and became part of a larger political entity, the vast Mongol empire. Ironically, during this century of alien occupation, Chinese culture not only survived but was reinvigorated. Lacking experience in the administration of a complex empire, the Mongols gradually adopted Chinese political and cultural models. Ruling from their capital in Dadu (also known as Khanbalik; now Beijing), the Mongol Khans increasingly assumed the role of Chinese emperors. In spite of the gradual assimilation of Yuan monarchs, the Mongol conquest imposed a harsh new political reality upon China.

List of academic databases and search engines - Wikipedia, the f This article contains a representative list of notable databases and search engines useful in an academic setting for finding and accessing articles in academic journals, institutional repositories, archives, or other collections of scientific and other articles. Databases and search engines differ substantially in terms of coverage and retrieval qualities.[1] Users need to account for qualities and limitations of databases and search engines, especially those searching systematically for records such as in systematic reviews or meta-analyses.[2] As the distinction between a database and a search engine is unclear for these complex document retrieval systems, see: the general list of search engines for all-purpose search engines that can be used for academic purposesthe article about bibliographic databases for information about databases giving bibliographic information about finding books and journal articles. Operating services[edit] Services no longer operating[edit] See also[edit]

Useful Persian Phrases - Your Words - Part 1 Welcome to the Easy Persian translation page! All of the sentences and phrases on this page were submitted by visitors to the site. It’s the perfect Persian phrasebook. 1. I love you = /du:set da:ræm/. Dooset daram NOTE: Like love itself, the above sentence is a bit complicated in Persian!! /a:sheghetæm/ for /du:set da:ræm/. /eshgh/. You may use /du:set da:ræm/ in the same way as we use “I love you” in English. /a:sheghetæm/ is better be used during the romantic moments only!! 2. I am interested in … . /mæn beh … ala:gheh da:ræm/. Man be alagheh daram 3. I’ll miss you! /delæm bæra:t tæng misheh/. Delam barat tang misheh 4. I want to go home. /mikha:m beræm khu:neh/. Mikham beram khooneh 5. How are you? /ha:letu:n chetoreh? Haletoon chetoreh 6. May I come in? /mitu:næm biya:m tu:? Mitunam biyam tu 7. I’ll come to see you tomorrow. /færda: miya:m bebinæmet/. Farda miyam bebinamet 8. Happy birthday to you! /taval.lodet moba:ræk! Tavalodet mobarak 9. I love you more every day and I am always thinking of you. 10.

Ukraine Separatists Rewrite History of 1930s Famine Photo DONETSK, Ukraine — Yevdokiya was still a young girl, her nephew recalled, when the neighbors invited her over for a social occasion of some sort. This was during the great famine of 1933, he said, and her family became alarmed when she failed to return. She never did come home, said the nephew, Aleksandr S. Traditionally, Ukrainian historians have characterized the famine as a genocide, the direct result of Stalin’s forced collectivization and the Soviet government’s requisitioning of grain for export abroad, leaving Ukraine short — and its borders sealed shut. But that is not what students in southeastern Ukraine are learning this year. Even Mr. Ukraine’s 20th-century history is steeped in blood. Natalia S. “History doesn’t change,” Ms. At School No. 14 in Donetsk where she teaches, students are being taught jarringly different lessons about some of their country’s darkest and most contentious periods in the 20th century. And history is hardly academic these days in Donetsk. Mr.

Wolfram|Alpha: Computational Knowledge Engine Apprendre le persan Si vous essayez d'apprendre le persan vous allez trouvez quelques ressources utiles, y compris des cours sur les adjectifs, les adverbes, les articles, le féminin, la négation, les noms, les nombres, les phrases, le pluriel, les prépositions, les pronoms, les questions, les verbes, une liste de vocabulaire, exercices ... pour vous aider avec la grammaire en persan. Tout cela est gratuit. Le tableau ci-dessous contient les liens vers les leçons en persan. Profitez de nos cours! Apprendre le persan Apprendre les langues peut vous aider a communiquer avec d'autres gens et d'autres cultures facilement. Nous espérons que les leçons ci-dessus vous a aidé à apprendre le persan.

History and Current Issues for the Classroom | Brown University Journée Henry Corbin – Association des amis de Henry et Stella Corbin 5e Journée Henry Corbin « Les religions abrahamiques et l'eschatologie » le samedi 19 décembre 2009 à l’Ecole Normale Supérieure, 45 rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris Matinée : sous la présidence de Leili Anvar 9 h 30 Natale SPINETO (Université de Turin), « Fin des temps et vie après la mort – Modèles d’eschatologie dans les religions ». 10 h 30 Serge MARGEL (Université de Lausanne), « Le témoignage, ou la vision eschatologique du martyr dans les religions du Livre » 11 h 30 Christian JAMBET (Lycée Jules Ferry) : « L'eschatologie abrahamique du vrai fidèle dans le Commentaire du Verset de la Lumière de Mullâ Sadrâ ». 14 h 30 Jean-Pierre LAURANT (EPHE), « Quelques dérives eschatologiques chez les occultistes français du XIXe siècle » 14 h 30 Mojane MEMBRADO (INALCO, CNRS), « L'eschatologie chez les Ahl-e Haqq » 15 h 30 Pierre LORY (EPHE – IFPO), « Les animaux ont-ils une part dans l’histoire sacrale des humains ?

Like Modern Civilization? Thank War If history always felt a little made up and you wished there were more sharply-defined quantitative predictions that could be tested empirically, you are in luck. A new mathematical method has done just that. An trans-disciplinary team tackled a way to mathematically determine how human societies evolve from small groups to the huge, anonymous and complex societies of today. They determined that intense warfare is the evolutionary driver of large complex societies. Simulated within a realistic landscape of the Afro-Eurasian landmass during 1,500 BC to 1,500 AD, their mathematical model was tested against the historical record. These are Mongol horsemen. The study focuses on the interaction of ecology and geography as well as the spread of military innovations and predicts that selection for ultra-social institutions that allow for cooperation in huge groups of genetically unrelated individuals and large-scale complex states, is greater where warfare is more intense.

The map as History MUNDO JAPON: El Periodo Edo -1º Parte- El Período Edo, también conocido como periodo Tokugawa se extiende desde 24 de marzo de 1603 hasta 3 de mayo de 1868. El periodo delimita el gobierno del shogunato Tokugawa. Tokugawa Ieyasu, el principal beneficiado de los logros de reunificación del país de Oda Nobunaga y de Hideyoshi Toyotomi venció a los daimyō del oeste en la Batalla de Sekigahara en el año 1600 dandole el dominio casi total de Japón. Se estableció en Edo (hoy Tokio) y creó un sistema de dominio mediante un estricto control sobre otros daimyo, Ieyasu instaló a su hijo Tokugawa Hidetada bajo el título de shōgun y se nombró a sí mismo como shōgun retirado en 1605. El periodo Edo trajo a Japón 250 años de estabilidad. Se establecieron una serie de códigos legales para regular las propiedades de los daimyo. Tokugawa IeyasuUna nueva visión de gobierno y sociedad emergieron en búsqueda de un mandato más comprensivo. La jerarquía feudal se completó con las distintas clases de daimyo. Plano de Edo

No. 2 | Timothy May: The Mongol Empire in World History World History and the Mongols An empire arose in the steppes of Mongolia in the thirteenth century that forever changed the map of the world, opened intercontinental trade, spawned new nations, changed the course of leadership in two religions, and impacted history indirectly in a myriad of other ways. At its height, the Mongol Empire was the largest contiguous empire in history, stretching from the Sea of Japan to the Carpathian Mountains. Although its impact on Eurasia during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries was enormous, the Mongol Empire's influence on the rest of the world—particularly its legacy—should not be ignored. Brief History The formation of the Mongol Empire was a slow and arduous process, beginning with the unification of the Mongol and Turkic tribes that dwelt in the Mongolian steppes. Temüjin unified the tribes of Mongolia by 1206 into a single supra-tribe known as the Khamag Mongol Ulus or the All Mongol State. Expansion of the Mongol Empire Geography

The Encyclopedia Iranica is dedicated to the study of Iranian civilization in the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. by nda_librarian Apr 28