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Encyclopædia Iranica

Encyclopædia Iranica
Featured Articles ḤĀFEẒ EṢFAHĀNI, Mawlānā Moḥammad, known as Moḵtareʿ (inventor), 15th-16th century engineer, summoned by the Timurid court of Sultan Ḥosayn Bāyqarā to construct a clock after a European model. Fascicle 2 of Volume XVI The most recent fascicle in the print edition of Encyclopædia Iranica appeared during the second quarter of 2013. This fascicle continues the development of letter “K” topics. It begins with the ancient KASSITES and ends with the beginning of titles with initial Ke-.

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For All the World to See : Visual Culture and the Struggle for Civil Rights : Sports Heroes Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, as professional sports became more integrated, images of African American athletes entered the culture at large through newspapers, picture magazines, newsreels, movies, television, and sports memorabilia, such as baseball cards, clothing, and toys. The mainstream media, concerned with the racial anxieties of white readers, typically portrayed black athletes as apolitical and unthreatening—their decency and gentleness away from the field emphasized. It perpetuated an unthreatening and uncomplicated view of black sports figures—wresting them from the reality of prejudice, its continued effect on their lives, and their own reactions to it. Overall, black periodicals enthusiastically followed the careers and personal lives of African American athletes, earlier and with far greater frequency than mainstream publications.

Timothy May: The Mongol Empire in World History World History and the Mongols An empire arose in the steppes of Mongolia in the thirteenth century that forever changed the map of the world, opened intercontinental trade, spawned new nations, changed the course of leadership in two religions, and impacted history indirectly in a myriad of other ways. At its height, the Mongol Empire was the largest contiguous empire in history, stretching from the Sea of Japan to the Carpathian Mountains. Although its impact on Eurasia during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries was enormous, the Mongol Empire's influence on the rest of the world—particularly its legacy—should not be ignored. Brief History

Iran photos of the year by Fars Nineteen Photographs of Iran from 300 images submitted by 90 Fars photographers in 1389. From Mount Damavand to Cheshmeh Ali to Shalamcheh. Bahdad Salimi Asian Cup Champion - Photo by Mehdi-Mrizad Ferdowsi Square - Photo by Hossain Salahi Ara Digital Karnak: Welcome The colossal site of Karnak is one of the largest temple complexes in the world, with an incredibly rich architectural, ritual, religious, economic, social and political history. The Amun-Ra precinct, which includes an astonishing number of individual temples, shrines and processional ways, stands as a micro-cosmos of ancient Egypt. We invite you to experience Karnak – to learn about an ancient site that still resonates today because of its monumental pylons, towering columns, stunning reliefs and architectural marvels. Enter the temple precinct and discover its rich religious, political and architectural history.

Useful Persian Phrases - Your Words - Part 1 Welcome to the Easy Persian translation page! All of the sentences and phrases on this page were submitted by visitors to the site. It’s the perfect Persian phrasebook. Please be aware that some of the sentences were not be covered in our weekly lessons. Most of the translations here are presented in conversational Persian in an attempt to convey the message properly. 1. David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library Rose O'Neal Greenhow Papers Rose O'Neal Greenhow was born in Montgomery County, Maryland in 1817. "Wild Rose", as she was called from a young age, was a leader in Washington society, a passionate secessionist, and one of the most renowned spies in the Civil War.

Empire of Cotton by Sven Beckert Bancroft Prize WINNER 2015 Pulitzer Prize (History) FINALIST 2015 Cundill Prize in Historical Literature SHORTLIST 2015 “Masterly. . . . Deeply researched and eminently readable, Empire of Cotton gives new insight into the relentless expansion of global capitalism. Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh Biography Mossadegh envisioned an Iran that was independent, free and democratic. He believed no country could be politically independent and free unless it first achieved economic independence. As he put it, "The moral aspect of oil nationalization is more important than its economic aspect." He sought to renegotiate and reach an equitable and fair restitution of rights of Iran but was faced with intransigence by the company. To put an end to 150 years of British political interference, economic exploitation and plundering of Iran's national resources, Mossadegh engineered the nationalization of the oil industry.

Al-Mizan ‘Al-Mizan’ is the Arabic word for balance - both the familiar measuring instrument and the metaphorical pursuit of justice and harmony in all human endeavours. For hundreds of years after the advent of Islam, Arabic was the language in which mathematics and science were most actively studied. The intellectual achievements of scholars in the Islamic world were matched by the emergence of a highly distinctive visual and artistic culture. This exhibition explores the connections between the sciences and arts in Muslim societies. It presents highlights from the Museum’s collection of Islamic scientific instruments alongside medieval manuscripts, metalwork and ceramics on loan from other major collections. The links between scientific inquiry and artistic beauty are vividly revealed through the decorative and practical work of the craftsman.

Jim Crow Museum: Home The new Jim Crow Museum is now open and is FREE to the public. The Museum features six exhibit areas -- Who and What is Jim Crow, Jim Crow Violence, Jim Crow and Anti-Black Imagery, Battling Jim Crow Imagery, Attacking Jim Crow Segregation, and Beyond Jim Crow. The Museum also offers a comprehensive timeline of the African American experience in the United States. The timeline is divided into six sections: Africa Before Slavery, Slavery in America, Reconstruction, Jim Crow, Civil Rights and Post Civil Rights. The Jim Crow Museum at Ferris State University strives to become a leader in social activism and in the discussion of race and race relations. This new facility will provide increased opportunities for education and research.

Iranian painter unveils Illustrated Qur'an Iranian painter unveils Illustrated Qur'an Wed Aug 10, 2011 4:34PM Amir Mehdi Kazemi, Press TV, Tehran Illustrations describing the verses of the Holy book of Islam the Quran; using the language of colors, patterns and flowers. Illustrated Quran is the title of an exhibition opened in Iran during the month of Ramadan. The venue showcases the works of Sahmeddin Zamani a skillful painter who has dedicated his entire life to creating what he calls the first illustrated Quran in the world. Cities and Buildings Database Home »Cities and Buildings Database The Cities and Buildings Database is a collection of digitized images of buildings and cities drawn from across time and throughout the world, available to students, researchers and educators on the web. Begun in 1995, the collection was conceived as a multi-disciplinary resource for students, faculty, and others in the academic community. It has grown steadily since then, with contributions from a wide range of scholars, and contains images ranging from New York to Central Asia, from African villages, to the Parc de la Villette, and conceptual sketches and models of Frank Gehry's Experience Music Project. These have all been scanned from original slides or drawn from documents in the public domain.

The Encyclopedia Iranica is dedicated to the study of Iranian civilization in the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. by nda_librarian Apr 28

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