background preloader

Reported Speech

Reported Speech
Exercises on Reported Speech If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request. Statements When transforming statements, check whether you have to change: pronouns present tense verbs (3rd person singular) place and time expressions tenses (backshift) → more on statements in reported speech Questions When transforming questions, check whether you have to change: Also note that you have to: transform the question into an indirect question use the interrogative or if / whether → more on questions in reported speech Requests pronouns place and time expressions → more on requests in reported speech Additional Information and Exeptions → more on additional information and exeptions in reported speech Requests in Reported Speech Related:  Reported SpeechENA4

Reported Speech Exercises Reported Speech Exercises Here's a list of all the reported speech exercises on this site: (Click here to read the explanations about reported speech) Reported Statements: Reported Questions: Reported Orders and Requests: Reported Requests and Orders Exercise (intermediate) (in PDF here) Mixed Exercises: Return to reported speech explanations from reported speech exercises. LoginSubscribe to PEG+What's New? Recommended pages from our site - Selected by our team. Direct/Indirect speech-English English exercises: Direct/Indirect speech. ... Other sites for teachers. [All our English exercises]. Other English exercises about the same topic: ... Indirect speech - EnglishIndirect speech : free exercise for ESL/EFL learners. ... Direct and indirect speech - EnglishDirect and indirect speech : free exercise for ESL/EFL learners. ... Free exercises to learn English 10 / 10Free exercises to learn English-page 10. ... >>> Search pages about this theme: search INDIRECT SPEECH EXERCISES on our 100% free site to learn English.

Infinitive and Gerund Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Infinitive Use Certain words are followed by an infinite verb with or without ‘to’. Gerund Form ing form of the verb Exceptions in Spelling See → Present Progressive – Exceptions Certain words are followed by an Ing-Form. Words followed either by Infinitive or Ing-Form Exercises and Tests Infinitive Gerund Infinitive / Gerund Tests on Infinitive and Gerund Level 1 • Level 2 • Level 3 • Level 4

English Grammar Lessons We use reported speech when we are saying what other people say, think or believe. He says he wants it. We think you are right. I believe he loves her. When we are reporting things in the present, future or present perfect we don't change the tense. He thinks he loves her. When we tell people what someone has said in the past, we generally make the tense 'more in the past'. You look very nice. = I told him he looked very nice. However, when we are reporting something that was said in the past but is still true, it is not obligatory to make the tense 'more in the past'. "The train doesn't stop here." He said the train doesn't stop here. "I like Sarah." She said she likes Sarah. When we are reporting what was said, we sometimes have to change other words in the sentence. We have to change the pronoun if we are reporting what someone else said. I said I didn't want to go. We have to change words referring to 'here and now' if we are reporting what was said in a different place or time.

direct speech - quoted speech and indirect speech - reported speech We often have to give information about what people say or think. In order to do this you can use direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. Direct Speech / Quoted Speech Saying exactly what someone has said is called direct speech (sometimes called quoted speech) Here what a person says appears within quotation marks ("...") and should be word for word. For example: She said, "Today's lesson is on presentations." or "Today's lesson is on presentations", she said. Indirect Speech / Reported Speech Indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), doesn't use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn't have to be word for word. When reporting speech the tense usually changes. For example: Tense change As a rule when you report something someone has said you go back a tense: (the tense on the left changes to the tense on the right): Modal verb forms also sometimes change: ! You can also use the present tense if you are talking about a future event. Time change ! ! !

The Syrian Refugee Crisis Explained Perfectly With a Simple Animation & Video In September 2015, the body of a three-year-old Syrian boy was found floating on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. Photographs of the boy were quick to get circulated world over, and the world responded with a massive outcry over the Syrian civil war and refugee crisis. This was the first time the Syrian crisis was globally recognised as a burning issue, and one that needs to be addressed with utmost urgency. This video, by In a Nutshell , speaks about how the Syrian crisis is an international issue, and how it all started with countrywide unrest and the civil war in Syria. Apart from the succinct explanation of the overarching issue, the video also explains the role of the neighbouring countries in aiding and giving asylum to refugees in their greatest hour of need. Watch this video to get a better understanding of the larger Syrian issue and learn about what measures we can take to offer help to the affected people. Video created by In a Nutshell .

reported speech School of Rock rocks! This is a great movie and teachers will enjoy it a lot. The teacher has to learn how to deal with these students. 1) What should the ideal school be like? 2) Tell your partner about a class you will never forget. 3) Who is your favorite teacher? Watch the following video segment and decide who said each of the following lines: A Student 1) My dad won’t let me 2) What’s your name? 3) I only play piano 4) This is a bass guitar 5) Are there any drummers in the house? 6) I play percussion 7) Is this a school project? 8) What’s the prize? 9) Can we tell our parents? 10) Who can sing? 11) I can sing Now rewrite the sentences, using reported speech: 1) A student said that his dad wouldn’t let him. 2) The teacher asked what his name was. 3) A student said he only played piano. Prepare your own video activity on Reported Speech: • Choose an attractive movie segment with several characters • Decide which verb tenses you want to assess • Students come up with indirect speech statements

Reported Speech | Use of English 01.- Turn the following sentences into Reported Speech. 1 “They will have arrived in Bali by now,” he said .(out-of-date reporting) … He said they would have arrived in Bali by then …. 2 “I’ve always hated the music they play at this disco,” he said: [out-of-date reporting) . 3 “He’ll repair the car next Friday,” she said. 4 “I’ll be travelling home this time next week,” she said. 5 “He left last Monday,” she says . 6 “I haven’t decided what type of car I’ll buy,” he said. 7 “It’s time we went out,” she said. 8 “The earth is round,” he said 9 “When they were fishing they caught a trout,” he said . 10 “Your reports are all typed up,” the secretary said. 11 “Dinosaurs are extinct,” the teacher said . 12 “Paris is a small city,” said Lucy 13 “I’ve been sunbathing all afternoon,” he said. 14 “She looks very pretty today,” said Paul. 15 “If I were you, I’d enter the competition,” he said. 16 “If they had played well, they’d have won,” the coach said 18 “Water freezes at o-c.: the professor said

While You Were Sleeping: Reported Speech This a very funny scene. Your students will enjoy it a lot. Tell me if you like it or give suggestions by leaving a comment, please. Before you watch the segment:Talk to a partner about the following situations. Decide what you would do: 1) What would you do if you saw someone falling on the subway tracks? 2) If you saved someone's life, would you expect a financial reward? 3) Would you hide a secret in order not to hurt a stranger's feelings? Now watch the movie segment and decide who said each of the following lines:Lucy (Sandra Bullock) A Doctor A Nurse A Police Officer1) Will you marry me? 2) Are you okay? 3) There’s a train coming and it’s fast 4) Are you family? 5) She’s his fiancee 6) I need to ask you a few questions 7) He is in a coma 8) He was pushed from the platform at the train station 9) She jumped on the tracks 10) She saved his life. _____________________________ Now rewrite the sentences, using reported speech: EX: 1) Lucy asked if he would marry her. 2) Lucy asked if he was okay.

Fun ways of practising Reported Speech 1. Reported speech reversiPrepare cards with reported speech on one side and direct speech of the same sentence on the other. Students have to correctly say what is on the other side to turn it over and score one point. There are many games you can play with these cards, including the TEFL version of Reversi/ Othello that was first described by Mario Rinvolucri in Grammar Games and that is the subject of an upcoming article of mine. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.