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Reported Speech

Reported Speech
Exercises on Reported Speech If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request. Statements When transforming statements, check whether you have to change: pronouns present tense verbs (3rd person singular) place and time expressions tenses (backshift) → more on statements in reported speech Questions When transforming questions, check whether you have to change: Also note that you have to: transform the question into an indirect question use the interrogative or if / whether → more on questions in reported speech Requests pronouns place and time expressions → more on requests in reported speech Additional Information and Exeptions → more on additional information and exeptions in reported speech Requests in Reported Speech Related:  ENA4 Yhteiskunta ja ympäröivä maailma

Reported speech 1 In reported speech the tenses, word-order and pronouns may be different from the original sentence. Reported speech (1) When we report someone’s words we can do it in two ways. We can use direct speech with quotation marks (“I work in a bank”), or we can use reported speech (He said he worked in a bank.) In reported speech the tenses, word-order and pronouns may be different from those in the original sentence. Present simple and present continuous tenses Direct speech: “I travel a lot in my job” Reported speech: He said that he travelled a lot in his job. The present simple tense (I travel) usually changes to the past simple (he travelled) in reported speech. Direct speech: “Be quiet. The present continuous usually changes to the past continuous. “I work in Italy” Reported speech: He told me that he works in Italy. It isn’t always necessary to change the tense. Past simple and past continuous tenses Direct speech: “We lived in China for 5 years.” Perfect tenses

Reported Speech Exercises Reported Speech Exercises Here's a list of all the reported speech exercises on this site: (Click here to read the explanations about reported speech) Reported Statements: Reported Questions: Reported Orders and Requests: Reported Requests and Orders Exercise (intermediate) (in PDF here) Mixed Exercises: Return to reported speech explanations from reported speech exercises. LoginSubscribe to PEG+What's New?

Random Idea English: Reported speech - lesson and exercises Constructing reported speech involves using a mixture of some basic rules and your common sense. When using the first doesn't sound natural, use the second. The main idea is that it should make sense to the listener. This is a fairly detailed but not exhaustive look at reported speech. I hope to follow it up with some more advanced vocabulary and exercises fairly soon. Click and Drop - Where you see this sign, mouse over for instructions Basic principles Exercise 1 - Convert the direct statements and questions into reported speech. Basic rules In both reported statements and questions verbs usually go one tense back (backshifting)pronouns, possessives and other determiners may have to be changedtime references may have to be made non-time-specificplace references may need to be changed Note These are not fixed rules, but reflect that: Additionally in reported questions in the main question, change question order to statement orderin yes/no questions, add if or whether Patricia isn't here today.

Infinitive and Gerund Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Infinitive Use Certain words are followed by an infinite verb with or without ‘to’. Gerund Form ing form of the verb Exceptions in Spelling See → Present Progressive – Exceptions Certain words are followed by an Ing-Form. Words followed either by Infinitive or Ing-Form Exercises and Tests Infinitive Gerund Infinitive / Gerund Tests on Infinitive and Gerund Level 1 • Level 2 • Level 3 • Level 4

style indirect lesson and exercises Le style indirect donne les moyens de rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un en insistant sur les faits objectifs, en se détachant des émotions du moment où les paroles ont été prononcées. Cours sur le style indirect en anglais - reported speech Le style indirect sert à rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un.En anglais, comme en français, il faut penser à transformer les personnes, les expressions de temps et de lieu et les conjugaisons. La carte mentale de cours va vous aider à ne rien oublier ! Cours sur le style indirect en anglais (carte mentale créée par Agnès Pihuit Imbert / Said is dead... Exercices et jeux sur le discours indirect anglais Exercice interactif : pour s'entrainer aux conjugaisons, choisir la bonne solution (a4ESL) Exercice interactif sur le style indirect en anglais : associer chaque phrase au style indirect à celle qui lui correspond au style direct (englishgrammarsecrets)

Reported speech 1 Look at these examples to see how we can tell someone what another person said. direct speech: 'I love the Toy Story films,' she said. indirect speech: She said she loved the Toy Story speech: 'I worked as a waiter before becoming a chef,' he said. indirect speech: He said he'd worked as a waiter before becoming a speech: 'I'll phone you tomorrow,' he said. indirect speech: He said he'd phone me the next day. Try this exercise to test your grammar. Read the explanation to learn more. Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. direct speech: 'I work in a bank,' said Daniel. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank. In indirect speech, we often use a tense which is 'further back' in the past (e.g. worked) than the tense originally used (e.g. work). Present simple, present continuous and present perfect 'I travel a lot in my job.' Past simple and past continuous 'We lived in China for five years.' Past perfect No backshift Past perfect

Wh- Question Clauses – Reported / Indirect Speech Restate a question within a clause (reported speech) Quoted Questions vs. Restated Questions Wh-question: Who, What, Where, Why, When and How The main clause (matrix clause) is the independent clause and the subordinate clause (embedded clause) is the dependent clause. In reported speech, no additional punctuation (quotation marks, comma, or question mark) is used. Ask Synonyms ask (V) – request information → My father always asks how I am doing. Also see Said Synonyms. Adjustments Word Order / Person & Number ¹subordinate marker – who, what, where, why, when, how perspective (N) – point of view; how someone relates to surroundings: person (you, i we); place (here, there); time (now, then); direction (coming, going) See deixis. Time / Location ¹subordinate marker– who, what, where, why, when, how ²direction: change coming to going if both speaker and listener do not share a location Adjusting Perspective (deixis) Adjusting Perspective Deictic words Person Deixis Time and Place Deixis Advanced

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REPORTED SPEECH - Teacher Letang On emploie le discours indirect pour rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un. Les temps se transforment généralement de la même manière en anglais qu'en français. Après un verbe au présent (she says par exemple), les temps ne changent pas: "Chloé is happy."> He says Chloé is happy. Lorsqu'on passe du discours direct au discours indirect, il faut penser à modifier les expressions de temps : Free educational sites > Learn English > Thematic page:Recommended pages from our site - Selected by our team. Direct/Indirect speech-English English exercises: Direct/Indirect speech. ... Other sites for teachers. Indirect speech - EnglishIndirect speech : free exercise for ESL/EFL learners. ... Direct and indirect speech - EnglishDirect and indirect speech : free exercise for ESL/EFL learners. ... Free exercises to learn English 10 / 10Free exercises to learn English-page 10. ... >>> Search pages about this theme: search INDIRECT SPEECH EXERCISES on our 100% free site to learn English.