Reported speech 1
In reported speech the tenses, word-order and pronouns may be different from the original sentence. Reported speech (1) When we report someone’s words we can do it in two ways. We can use direct speech with quotation marks (“I work in a bank”), or we can use reported speech (He said he worked in a bank.) In reported speech the tenses, word-order and pronouns may be different from those in the original sentence. Present simple and present continuous tenses Direct speech: “I travel a lot in my job” Reported speech: He said that he travelled a lot in his job. The present simple tense (I travel) usually changes to the past simple (he travelled) in reported speech. Direct speech: “Be quiet. The present continuous usually changes to the past continuous. “I work in Italy” Reported speech: He told me that he works in Italy. It isn’t always necessary to change the tense. Past simple and past continuous tenses Direct speech: “We lived in China for 5 years.” Perfect tenses
Reported Speech Exercises
Reported Speech Exercises Here's a list of all the reported speech exercises on this site: (Click here to read the explanations about reported speech) Reported Statements: Reported Questions: Reported Orders and Requests: Reported Requests and Orders Exercise (intermediate) (in PDF here) Mixed Exercises: Return to reported speech explanations from reported speech exercises. LoginSubscribe to PEG+What's New?
Random Idea English: Reported speech - lesson and exercises
Constructing reported speech involves using a mixture of some basic rules and your common sense. When using the first doesn't sound natural, use the second. The main idea is that it should make sense to the listener. This is a fairly detailed but not exhaustive look at reported speech. I hope to follow it up with some more advanced vocabulary and exercises fairly soon. Click and Drop - Where you see this sign, mouse over for instructions Basic principles Exercise 1 - Convert the direct statements and questions into reported speech. Basic rules In both reported statements and questions verbs usually go one tense back (backshifting)pronouns, possessives and other determiners may have to be changedtime references may have to be made non-time-specificplace references may need to be changed Note These are not fixed rules, but reflect that: Additionally in reported questions in the main question, change question order to statement orderin yes/no questions, add if or whether Patricia isn't here today.
Infinitive and Gerund
Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Infinitive Use Certain words are followed by an infinite verb with or without ‘to’. Gerund Form ing form of the verb Exceptions in Spelling See → Present Progressive – Exceptions Certain words are followed by an Ing-Form. Words followed either by Infinitive or Ing-Form Exercises and Tests Infinitive Gerund Infinitive / Gerund Tests on Infinitive and Gerund Level 1 • Level 2 • Level 3 • Level 4
style indirect lesson and exercises
Le style indirect donne les moyens de rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un en insistant sur les faits objectifs, en se détachant des émotions du moment où les paroles ont été prononcées. Cours sur le style indirect en anglais - reported speech Le style indirect sert à rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un.En anglais, comme en français, il faut penser à transformer les personnes, les expressions de temps et de lieu et les conjugaisons. La carte mentale de cours va vous aider à ne rien oublier ! Cours sur le style indirect en anglais (carte mentale créée par Agnès Pihuit Imbert / my-teacher.fr) Said is dead... Exercices et jeux sur le discours indirect anglais Exercice interactif : pour s'entrainer aux conjugaisons, choisir la bonne solution (a4ESL) Exercice interactif sur le style indirect en anglais : associer chaque phrase au style indirect à celle qui lui correspond au style direct (englishgrammarsecrets)
Reported speech 1
Look at these examples to see how we can tell someone what another person said. direct speech: 'I love the Toy Story films,' she said. indirect speech: She said she loved the Toy Story films.direct speech: 'I worked as a waiter before becoming a chef,' he said. indirect speech: He said he'd worked as a waiter before becoming a chef.direct speech: 'I'll phone you tomorrow,' he said. indirect speech: He said he'd phone me the next day. Try this exercise to test your grammar. Read the explanation to learn more. Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. direct speech: 'I work in a bank,' said Daniel. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank. In indirect speech, we often use a tense which is 'further back' in the past (e.g. worked) than the tense originally used (e.g. work). Present simple, present continuous and present perfect 'I travel a lot in my job.' Past simple and past continuous 'We lived in China for five years.' Past perfect No backshift Past perfect
Wh- Question Clauses – Reported / Indirect Speech
Restate a question within a clause (reported speech) Quoted Questions vs. Restated Questions Wh-question: Who, What, Where, Why, When and How The main clause (matrix clause) is the independent clause and the subordinate clause (embedded clause) is the dependent clause. In reported speech, no additional punctuation (quotation marks, comma, or question mark) is used. Ask Synonyms ask (V) – request information → My father always asks how I am doing. Also see Said Synonyms. Adjustments Word Order / Person & Number ¹subordinate marker – who, what, where, why, when, how perspective (N) – point of view; how someone relates to surroundings: person (you, i we); place (here, there); time (now, then); direction (coming, going) See deixis. Time / Location ¹subordinate marker– who, what, where, why, when, how ²direction: change coming to going if both speaker and listener do not share a location Adjusting Perspective (deixis) Adjusting Perspective Deictic words Person Deixis Time and Place Deixis Advanced
The Syrian Refugee Crisis Explained Perfectly With a Simple Animation & Video
In September 2015, the body of a three-year-old Syrian boy was found floating on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. Photographs of the boy were quick to get circulated world over, and the world responded with a massive outcry over the Syrian civil war and refugee crisis. This was the first time the Syrian crisis was globally recognised as a burning issue, and one that needs to be addressed with utmost urgency. This video, by In a Nutshell , speaks about how the Syrian crisis is an international issue, and how it all started with countrywide unrest and the civil war in Syria. Apart from the succinct explanation of the overarching issue, the video also explains the role of the neighbouring countries in aiding and giving asylum to refugees in their greatest hour of need. Watch this video to get a better understanding of the larger Syrian issue and learn about what measures we can take to offer help to the affected people. Video created by In a Nutshell .
REPORTED SPEECH - Teacher Letang
On emploie le discours indirect pour rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un. Les temps se transforment généralement de la même manière en anglais qu'en français. Après un verbe au présent (she says par exemple), les temps ne changent pas: "Chloé is happy."> He says Chloé is happy. Lorsqu'on passe du discours direct au discours indirect, il faut penser à modifier les expressions de temps :
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