Reported Speech Exercises on Reported Speech If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request. Statements When transforming statements, check whether you have to change: pronouns present tense verbs (3rd person singular) place and time expressions tenses (backshift) → more on statements in reported speech Questions When transforming questions, check whether you have to change: Also note that you have to: transform the question into an indirect question use the interrogative or if / whether → more on questions in reported speech Requests pronouns place and time expressions → more on requests in reported speech Additional Information and Exeptions → more on additional information and exeptions in reported speech Requests in Reported Speech
Additional Information and Exceptions in Reported Speech • Start › Cram Up › Grammar › Reported Speech › Additional Information and Exceptions in Reported Speech Main Clauses connected with and / but If two complete main clauses are connected with ‚and‘ or ‚but‘, put ‚that‘ after the conjunction. Example: He said,“I saw her but she didn’t see me.“ – He said that he had seen her but that she hadn’t seen him If the subject is left out in the second main clause (the conjunction is followed by a verb), do not use ‚that‘. She said,“I am a nurse and work in a hospital.“ – He said that she was a nurse and worked in a hospital Tense of the Introductory Clause The introductory clause usually is in Past Tense. He said that … Present Tense is often used to report a conversation that is still going on, e. g. during a phone call or while reading a letter. “I am fine.“ – Tom says / writes that he is fine. The introductory clause can also be in another tense. Backshift in Reported Speech Exceptions Beispiel: “Canberra is the capital of Australia “She left Boston on Monday
Reported Speech Exercises Reported Speech Exercises Here's a list of all the reported speech exercises on this site: (Click here to read the explanations about reported speech) Reported Statements: Reported Questions: Reported Orders and Requests: Reported Requests and Orders Exercise (intermediate) (in PDF here) Mixed Exercises: Return to reported speech explanations from reported speech exercises. LoginSubscribe to PEG+What's New?
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Reported speech 1 Look at these examples to see how we can tell someone what another person said. direct speech: 'I love the Toy Story films,' she said. indirect speech: She said she loved the Toy Story films.direct speech: 'I worked as a waiter before becoming a chef,' he said. indirect speech: He said he'd worked as a waiter before becoming a chef.direct speech: 'I'll phone you tomorrow,' he said. indirect speech: He said he'd phone me the next day. Try this exercise to test your grammar. Read the explanation to learn more. Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech. direct speech: 'I work in a bank,' said Daniel. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank. In indirect speech, we often use a tense which is 'further back' in the past (e.g. worked) than the tense originally used (e.g. work). Present simple, present continuous and present perfect 'I travel a lot in my job.' Past simple and past continuous Past perfect
Reporting Verbs for Advanced Level ESL Learners and Classes When using reported speech, most students learn to use "say" and "tell": Examples: John told me he was going to stay late at work. Peter said he wanted to visit his parents that weekend. These forms are perfectly correct for reporting what others have said. For more information on reported speech, this overview of reported speech provides a guide on which transformations are required to use the form. Related Grammar Basic Reported (Indirect) Speech Indirect Speech Transformations Quiz 1 Indirect Speech Transformations Quiz 2 More Grammar Reference
www.tolearnenglish.com/english_lessons/indirect-speech-exercises Free educational sites > Learn English > Thematic page:Recommended pages from our site - Selected by our team. Direct/Indirect speech-English English exercises: Direct/Indirect speech. ... Indirect speech - EnglishIndirect speech : free exercise for ESL/EFL learners. ... Direct and indirect speech - EnglishDirect and indirect speech : free exercise for ESL/EFL learners. ... Free exercises to learn English 10 / 10Free exercises to learn English-page 10. ... >>> Search pages about this theme: search INDIRECT SPEECH EXERCISES on our 100% free site to learn English.
Random Idea English: Reported speech - lesson and exercises Constructing reported speech involves using a mixture of some basic rules and your common sense. When using the first doesn't sound natural, use the second. The main idea is that it should make sense to the listener. This is a fairly detailed but not exhaustive look at reported speech. I hope to follow it up with some more advanced vocabulary and exercises fairly soon. Click and Drop - Where you see this sign, mouse over for instructions Basic principles Exercise 1 - Convert the direct statements and questions into reported speech. Basic rules In both reported statements and questions verbs usually go one tense back (backshifting)pronouns, possessives and other determiners may have to be changedtime references may have to be made non-time-specificplace references may need to be changed Note These are not fixed rules, but reflect that: Additionally in reported questions in the main question, change question order to statement orderin yes/no questions, add if or whether Patricia isn't here today.