Feminism "damages" our mother tongue (Gelernter) How can I teach my students to write decently when the English language has become a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Academic-Industrial Complex? Our language used to belong to all its speakers and readers and writers. But in the 1970s and '80s, arrogant ideologues began recasting English into heavy artillery to defend the borders of the New Feminist state. We have allowed ideologues to pocket a priceless property and walk away with it. Our ability to write and read good, clear English connects us to one another and to our common past. But our problem goes deeper than a few silly words and many tedious sentences. "He or she" is the proud marshal of this pathetic parade. When the style-smashers first announced, decades ago, that the neutral "he" meant "male" and excluded "female," they were lying and knew it. E.B. The use of he as a pronoun for nouns embracing both genders is a simple, practical convention rooted in the beginnings of the English language.
www.universalteacher.org.uk/lang/herring.txt +-------------------------------------------------------------+ | ***** Copyright 1994 by Susan Herring ***** | | This document may be freely reproduced and circulated for | | non-commercial purposes *as long as a statement | | containing the full title, author's name, and this | | copyright statement is included* | +-------------------------------------------------------------+ GENDER DIFFERENCES IN COMPUTER-MEDIATED COMMUNICATION: BRINGING FAMILIAR BAGGAGE TO THE NEW FRONTIER Susan Herring Program in Linguistics University of Texas Arlington, TX 76019 email@example.com (Keynote talk at panel entitled "Making the Net*Work*: Is there a Z39.50 in gender communication?", American Library Association annual convention, Miami, June 27, 1994.) 1.
Rethinking Language and Gender Research: Theory and Practice - Victoria Bergvall Rethinking Language and Gender Research is the first book focusing on language and gender to explicitly challenge the dichotomy of female and male use of language. It represents a turning point in language and gender studies, addressing the political and social consequences of popular beliefs about women's language and men's language and proposing new ways of looking at language and gender. The essays take a fresh approach to the study of subjects such as language and sex and the use of language to produce and maintain power and prestige. Topics explored in this text include sex and the brain; the language of a rape hearing; teenage language; radio talk show exchanges; discourse strategies of African American women; political implications for language and gender studies; the relationship between sex and gender and the construction of identity through language.
Representing gender in children's reading materials would a boy have been shown with flowers in the 1970s? Are girls and boys portrayed differently in children’s reading materials today than in the past? During the 1970s and 80s, studies of children’s reading materials found that males not only featured more than females but also they tended to take the lead roles and were more active than their female counterparts, who were often restricted to traditional stereotyped roles. Many of these earlier studies of gender in children’s reading material analysed the texts based on their content, which meant that researchers made their own judgements about what was sexist and what was not. Now, however, advances in computer and electronic technology mean that ‘corpus linguistics’ can be used to analyse texts more systematically. Macalister based his study on New Zealand’s School Journal, a multi-authored journal of prose, drama and poetry, published and distributed to New Zealand school children every year.
Feminism defined International Women's Day rally in Dhaka, Bangladesh, organized by the National Women Workers Trade Union Centre on 8 March 2005. Feminism is a collection of movements and ideologies aimed at defining, establishing, and defending equal political, economic, cultural, and social rights for women. This includes seeking to establish equal opportunities for women in education and employment. A feminist advocates or supports the rights and equality of women. Feminist theory, which emerged from feminist movements, aims to understand the nature of gender inequality by examining women's social roles and lived experience; it has developed theories in a variety of disciplines in order to respond to issues such as the social construction of sex and gender. Some of the earlier forms of feminism have been criticized for taking into account only white, middle-class, educated perspectives. History Feminist Suffrage Parade in New York City, 6 May 1912. Mid-twentieth century
NewmanSexDif2007.pdf From Lakoff to Today – The Gender Factor in Spoken Interaction | i love engli... Robin Lakoff’s Predictions: Robin Lakoff, in 1975, published an influential account of women’s language. This was the book Language and Woman’s Place. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. William O’Barr and Bowman Atkins A 1980 study by William O’Barr and Bowman Atkins looked at courtroom cases and witnesses’ speech. “In an article entitled “‘Women’s Language’ or ‘Powerless Language’?” “O’Barr and Atkins concluded from their study that the quoted speech patterns were “neither characteristic of all women nor limited only to women” (McConnell-Ginet, et al., p. 102). Dominance and Difference Studies of language and gender often make use of two models or paradigms – that of dominance and that of difference. Dominance theory This is the theory that in mixed-sex conversations men are more likely to interrupt than women. Dale Spender advocates a radical view of language as embodying structures that sustain male power. Deborah Tannen and Difference Status vs. support
The genius of Jodie Foster's speech | Film Reading this on mobile? Click here to view the video It's a considerable thing to deliver a speech that is at once artfully put together and emotionally affecting. The art of rhetoric is, at root, about the relationship between a speaker and an audience. But Foster didn't just take their attention for granted. She teased their expectations. By using anaphora (1) ("we've giggled ... we've punched") and polysyndeton (2) (all those ands), she made the sentence sound loose, spontaneous, a little out of control. Writ large, that's the same technique she used when she approached the meat of her speech. She teased it out. Big, nervous laugh from the audience. Did you notice that she came out without actually coming out? There was a certain flintiness when she asked the audience to put itself in her shoes. Then, the open secret openly acknowledged, she was able to pay touching tribute to her ex-partner Cyd, their children and her mother. Finally her peroration (6).
Gender neutrality in English Gender-neutral language is a form of linguistic prescriptivism that aims to minimize assumptions about the gender or biological sex of people referred to in speech or writing. This article discusses aspects of gender neutrality as they relate to the English language. Rationale Proponents of gender-neutral language argue that the use of gender-specific language often implies male superiority or reflects an unequal state of society. According to The Handbook of English Linguistics, generic masculine pronouns and gender-specific job titles are instances "where English linguistic convention has historically treated men as prototypical of the human species." Words that refer to women often devolve in meaning, frequently taking on sexual overtones. These differences in usage are criticized on two grounds: one, that they reflect a biased state of society, and two, that they help to uphold that state. Areas Job titles Generic words for humans Pronouns
Gender Styles in Computer Meditated Communication A Theory of "Powerless Language" An excerpt from "Men and Women in Conversation: An Analysis of Gender Styles in Language" by SUSAN GITHENS Lafayette College May 1991 O'Barr and Atkins: In an article entitled "'Women's Language' or 'Powerless Language'?" O'Barr and Atkins concluded from their study that the quoted speech patterns were "neither characteristic of all women nor limited only to women" (McConnell-Ginet, et al., p. 102). Return to Thoughts on Gender Styles in Communciation
Level Up: English Language - Language and gender Language and Gender There are two different types of Language and Gender questions you could be asked about: representations of gender and gender in action. For instance, magazine articles, adverts and books all include representations of gender (usually stereotypes) and not what males and females are really like. Transcripts, however, will show you how gender differences affect language (unless they are faked, be careful!) A distinction you must understand: The big question in linguistics: does being female affect a person's language, or is it merely the attitude towards feminine that make us think there is a difference? Gender Researchers Many leading linguists have a thing or two to say about language and gender. Difference Theory As the title indicates, the difference theory is the idea that males and females really do converse differently. A big advocate of this approach is Deborah Tannen. She also said of males and females: Well... she's the researcher, I suppose, but..." Christine Howe
John Dunford Consulting | Education Consultancy Feminist response to Gelernter by Jess McCabe // 26 February 2008, 20:06 One of the unexpected pleasures of reading right-wing tracts is the excuse to indulge in a heady few minutes of utopian fantasy. According to folk like David Gelernter of the American Enterprise Institute, the feminist revolution is a done deal. In this case, Gelernter sets out how feminists have ruined modern English for sexists such as himself, with our 'he or she' and our 'chairperson'. "College students and full-fledged young English teachers emerge from [a] feminist incubator in which they have spent their whole lives," Gelernter asserts. But his main concern, we are meant to believe, is not to return to a mythical time when men were men and women were women (and mended his socks), but the impact of feminism on written English. How can I (how can any teacher) get students to take the prime rule seriously when virtually the whole educational establishment teaches the opposite? The column is riddled with telling phrases, such as this: Permalink