background preloader

Making an Ancient Egyptian Mummy

Making an Ancient Egyptian Mummy
Making an Ancient Egyptian Mummy The ancient Egyptians believed that, after death, the body was the home of the individual's spirit as he or she journeyed through the after-life. If the body was destroyed through decomposition, there was danger that the spirit would also be destroyed. Preserving the body in as close to its life-like condition would assure the preservation of the individual's spiritual essence. "Mummification," the process of preserving the integrity of an individual through embalming the body of the deceased, was the ancient Egyptian answer to the problem. It is believed that the process of mummification was developed at least 2,500 years before the birth of Christ. The Greek historian Herodotus described the ancient Egyptian methods of mummification around the year 450 BC. "The embalmers, when a corpse is brought to them, show the relatives wooden models of dead bodies, as accurate as a painting. "That is the most expensive way.


Ogdoad In Egyptian mythology, the Ogdoad (Greek "ογδοάς", the eightfold) were eight deities worshipped in Hermopolis during what is called the Old Kingdom, the third through sixth dynasties, dated between 2686 to 2134 BC. In Egyptian mythology[edit] Together the four concepts represent the primal, fundamental state of the beginning. They are what always was. In the myth, however, their interaction ultimately proved to be unbalanced, resulting in the arising of a new entity. When the entity opened, it revealed Ra, the fiery sun, inside.

Encyclopedia Britannica history of Mesopotamia, history of the region in southwestern Asia where the world’s earliest civilization developed. The name comes from a Greek word meaning “between rivers,” referring to the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, but the region can be broadly defined to include the area that is now eastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and most of Iraq. The region was the centre of a culture whose influence extended throughout the Middle East and as far as the Indus valley, Egypt, and the Mediterranean. This article covers the history of Mesopotamia from the prehistoric period up to the Arab conquest in the ... (100 of 43,476 words) <ul><li><a href="/EBchecked/media/2341/Sites-associated-with-ancient-Mesopotamian-history?

HISTORY OF MESOPOTAMIA Between the rivers: 4500-3100 BC From about 4500 BC there are settlements on the edges of the marshes where the Tigris and the Euphrates reach the Persian Gulf. Mesopotamia, the region between these two rivers, will be the area of one of the world's first two civilizations, the other being Egypt. Both are established a little earlier than 3100 BC. Unlike Egypt, where a stable society is established along hundreds of miles of the Nile, Mesopotamia will be characterized by constant warfare and a succession of shifting empires.

The Money of Ancient Mesopotamia Money is used to exchange goods. If you have something I want, I can offer you money or gold or whatever for it. If you agree that the value is right, you take my money and give me the object. What I give you as money may be either symbolic, valuable, or some combination.

The Cuneiform Writing System in Ancient Mesopotamia: Emergence and Evolution Activity 1. Why the Fertile Crescent? This first activity will introduce students to the part of the world where writing first developed- the area once called Mesopotamia, which was located in what is today the country of Iraq. The earliest cities known today arose in Mesopotamia, an area that is part of what is sometimes called the Fertile Crescent. What clues can we get from the geography of the region to explain why Mesopotamia became the “Cradle of Civilization”? Share with the students the British Museum’s introduction to Mesopotamia: Geography, available through the EDSITEment-reviewed resource The Oriental Institute: The University of Chicago.

Early Dynastic Mesopotamia Around 2900 BC, after the flood, comes a time period called Early Dynastic, which lasts for about 600 years (there is a good deal of disagreement). It corresponds to the Old Kingdom in Egypt and to the Early Bronze Age in Greece. The civilization of West Asia continued in more or less the same way as before. Collapse: Mesopotamia Mesopotamia was known as the land between two rivers, the Tigris to the north and the Euphrates to the south. Rains were seasonal in this area, which meant that the land flooded in the winter and spring and water was scarce at other times. Farming in the region depended on irrigation from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In ancient times, many resources in Mesopotamia were scarce or absent, which stimulated trade within the region and beyond. Supported by lucrative trade with its neighbors, Mesopotamia grew to become a powerful empire. Mashkan-shapir was a typical Mesopotamian city, located about 20 miles from the Tigris River and connected to the river by a network of canals.

Religion in Ancient Mesopotamia Religion in Ancient Mesopotamia The people of Mesopotamia were polytheistic and believed that every aspect of their world was controlled by supernatural forces. The great gods dominated religion in ancient Mesopotamia and many gods maintained their importance throughout the region's history. Mesopotamia - LookLex Encyclopaedia Mesopotamia's fame in world history relates to it being one of the cradles of civilization, it is by many considered home to the very first civilization in history, predating even Ancient Egypt. Mesopotamia corresponds to modern Iraq, it is defined as the land of the fertile lowlands and lower surrounding mountains where the rivers Euphrates and Tigris run parallel out to the Persian Gulf. The wider definition of Mesopotamia is the lands that that lies west of the Zagros mountains and south of the Anti-Taurus mountains, north of the Arabian plateau, and east of the fertile western Syria. This includes modern Iraq, eastern Syria and southeastern Turkey.

Mesopotamia Ancient Civilization Contributions and Accomplishments - Birth of a City - Sumerian Art - Religion in Mesopotamia - Music - Writing Contributions of Mesopotamia Artifact - An artifact is a product of a particular time and place, more than that it represents the IDEAS and TECHNOLOGY of a particular civilization.