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Exploring Africa

Exploring Africa
Module Thirteen: African Music Teacher's Edition A brief background and history of African Music The African continent is the second largest continent in the world, and its people constitute a 10th of the world’s population with about one thousand indigenous languages spoken throughout the continent (Stone, 1998, p.2). In this context, it is important that a brief history of African music cannot be conclusive and is more complex than we realize. No scholar managed to offer a perspective about African culture that has not been contested. Music and Dance Dance, music, and story-telling are among the ancient art forms that have flourished for many centuries in Africa. Honest observers are hard pressed to find single indigenous group in Africa that has a term congruent to the usual western notion of “music.” Music and dance are activities that characterize an African musical expression and play an important part in the lives of the people (Senogan-Zake, 1986). Oral traditions Religious Beliefs Related:  Interesting Lesson Ideas

A Brief History of African Popular Music During the 1980s, the West rediscovered the folk music of Africa. Afro-rock started with commercial groups based in the west, such as Osibisa. The cross-pollination took place in both directions: western popular music adopted elements of African music, while African music adopted elements (particularly the studio techniques) of western music. During the 1980s, the styles and genres of the various African countries, such as South Africa's "mbaqanga", Zimbabwe's "jit", Zaire's "soukous", Nigeria's "juju" and Ghana's "highlife", had a chance to develop and proliferate around the world. Congo TM, ®, Copyright © 2003 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. See African music of the 1950sAfrican music of the 1970sAfro-pop of the 1980s Congolese keyboardist and musicologist Ray Lema Ansi Nzinga relocated to France, where he achieved the rumba, rock, funk and reggae fusion of Kinshasa- Washington DC- Paris (1983). Ghana Nigeria South Africa South Africa had a melting pot of its own. Rai Mali 1980s1990s Senegal

Traditional African Music-Chastity African Music -Part One by Dumisani Maraire, Ph. D. The html code, hyperlinks, and linked knowledge webs associated with this chapter are not part of the original chapter cited above, and are authored by Jack Logan, Ph.D. African music, which is nearly always coupled with some other art form, expresses the feelings and life of the entire community. -Francis Bebey (African Musician and Scholar) African Music and the African Diaspora What is the African Diaspora? Before you begin this part, please take a picture tour from Zimbabwe in the South to Morocco in the North to get a sense of the African continent. Additionally, see a slide movie in preparation for reading this information on African music. African Music is best understood by rejecting the notion that it is "primitive" music. Broadly speaking, there are both similarities and differences between Western music and African music and it is in this domain of diversity that African music is best discovered. , melody , harmony , musical instruments , meter , and timbre

Traditional and Contemporary African Music Definition of Style Traditional African music is as historically ancient, rich, and diverse as the continent itself. Traditional African music is passed down orally (or aurally) and is not written, and it also relies heavily on percussion instruments of every variety, including xylophones, drums, and tone-producing instruments such as the mbira or "thumb piano." Traditional African music is generally performed with functional intent in celebrations, festivals, and story-telling. Contemporary African music is also highly diverse, but it shares many characteristics of Western popular music in the mid-twentieth-century. The CBMR's concerns in the area of African music focus on the sub-Saharan areas of the African continent, while the music of North Africa falls under the influence of Arabic cultures and is considered a distinct field of inquiry. Musical Example Chaminuka (D. Introductory Bibliography The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Graham, Ronnie. Graham, Ronnie. Selected Discography

Carnegie Hall presents Honor! A Celebration of the African American Cultural Legacy - A History Press Partners Supporters Jessye Norman Home › A History Acknowledgements and References › A History of African American Music Chart© 1992 Portia K. © 2001–2008 Carnegie Hall Corporation Home Indonesian Gamelan Main Page Indonesian Gamelan Picture Credit: Dr. Han Kuo-Huang Balinese Gamelan Javanese Gamelan>>> Listen Now <<< >>> Listen Now <<< Introduction The Beliefs Functions of Gamelan Balinese Gamelan Javanese Gamelan Acknowledgements References NIU SEAsite Home Page Indonesian Home PageYou need RealPlayer Audio System to play all music clips in this web page. Introduction Gamelan is a term for various types of orchestra played in Indonesia. Back to Top The Beliefs In Indonesian traditional thinking, the gamelan is sacred and is believed to have supernatural power. Functions of Gamelan Gamelan is a way of linking individuals in social groups. Today, although gamelan music is still used for ritual ceremonies and the royal family, it is also performed as concert music at social and cultural gatherings to welcome guests and audiences.

Celtic Music Instruments From the thump of the Bodhrán to the airy rasp of the wooden flute, celtic music is known by its instruments. Here's an introduction to the main players, with links to more information, for players and afficionados. Fiddle The fiddle is the mainstay of most Scottish and Irish music. Flute Flutes of one sort or another have been played in the celtic countries for over a thousand years. Tin Whistle (pennywhistle) The simplest and cheapest of traditional instruments, yet not so simple to master. More information: Ceolas Tin Whistle guide. Bagpipes & uilleann pipes Several forms of bagpipe are used in celtic music. The Scottish highland pipes are the loudest, played standing, usually in pipe bands. Bagpipe FAQ Bagpipe Web David Daye's Bagpipe site, for Scottish and uilleann pipes. Bombarde This is a small oboe-like shawm with a penetrating sound, used widely in Breton music. Free reed instruments This family of instruments was developed in the early nineteenth century. Banjo Bouzouki Website.

African Music - Music of Africa By Espie Estrella African Music Africa is a continent where a rich and diverse cultural heritage exists; hundreds of different languages are spoken in Africa. During the 7th century, Arabs reached North Africa and influenced the existing culture. Musical Instruments The drum, played either by hand or by using sticks, is an important musical instrument in African culture. They use drums as a means of communication, in fact, much of their history and culture have been passed on for generations through music. The variety of musical instruments is as diverse as their culture. Singing and Dancing A singing technique called "call and response" is evident in African vocal music. continue reading below our video Loaded: 0% Progress: 0% This technique is still very much used in today's music, for example in gospel music. Dancing requires the movement of various body parts in time to the rhythm. For more information on African music visit our Go Africa website.

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