Module Thirteen: African Music Teacher's Edition A brief background and history of African Music The African continent is the second largest continent in the world, and its people constitute a 10th of the world’s population with about one thousand indigenous languages spoken throughout the continent (Stone, 1998, p.2). In this context, it is important that a brief history of African music cannot be conclusive and is more complex than we realize. No scholar managed to offer a perspective about African culture that has not been contested. Music and Dance Dance, music, and story-telling are among the ancient art forms that have flourished for many centuries in Africa. Honest observers are hard pressed to find single indigenous group in Africa that has a term congruent to the usual western notion of “music.” Music and dance are activities that characterize an African musical expression and play an important part in the lives of the people (Senogan-Zake, 1986). Oral traditions Religious Beliefs
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Traditional Japanese MusicThere are several types of traditional, Japanese music (hogaku). Some of the most important ones are listed below: Gagaku: Ancient court music from China and Korea.Traditional African Music-ChastityTraditional and Contemporary African MusicDefinition of Style Traditional African music is as historically ancient, rich, and diverse as the continent itself. Traditional African music is passed down orally (or aurally) and is not written, and it also relies heavily on percussion instruments of every variety, including xylophones, drums, and tone-producing instruments such as the mbira or "thumb piano." Traditional African music is generally performed with functional intent in celebrations, festivals, and story-telling. Contemporary African music is also highly diverse, but it shares many characteristics of Western popular music in the mid-twentieth-century. The CBMR's concerns in the area of African music focus on the sub-Saharan areas of the African continent, while the music of North Africa falls under the influence of Arabic cultures and is considered a distinct field of inquiry. Musical Example Chaminuka (D. Introductory Bibliography The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Graham, Ronnie. Graham, Ronnie. Selected Discography
Indonesian Gamelan Main PageIndonesian Gamelan Picture Credit: Dr. Han Kuo-Huang Balinese Gamelan Javanese Gamelan>>> Listen Now <<< >>> Listen Now <<< Introduction The Beliefs Functions of Gamelan Balinese Gamelan Javanese Gamelan Acknowledgements References NIU SEAsite Home Page Indonesian Home PageYou need RealPlayer Audio System to play all music clips in this web page. Introduction Gamelan is a term for various types of orchestra played in Indonesia. Back to Top The Beliefs In Indonesian traditional thinking, the gamelan is sacred and is believed to have supernatural power. Functions of Gamelan Gamelan is a way of linking individuals in social groups. Today, although gamelan music is still used for ritual ceremonies and the royal family, it is also performed as concert music at social and cultural gatherings to welcome guests and audiences.
African Music - Music of AfricaBy Espie Estrella African Music Africa is a continent where a rich and diverse cultural heritage exists; hundreds of different languages are spoken in Africa. During the 7th century, Arabs reached North Africa and influenced the existing culture. Musical Instruments The drum, played either by hand or by using sticks, is an important musical instrument in African culture. They use drums as a means of communication, in fact, much of their history and culture have been passed on for generations through music. The variety of musical instruments is as diverse as their culture. Singing and Dancing A singing technique called "call and response" is evident in African vocal music. continue reading below our video Loaded: 0% Progress: 0% This technique is still very much used in today's music, for example in gospel music. Dancing requires the movement of various body parts in time to the rhythm. For more information on African music visit our Go Africa website.