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The History of Apartheid in South Africa

The History of Apartheid in South Africa
South Africa (see map) is a country blessed with an abundance of natural resources including fertile farmlands and unique mineral resources. South African mines are world leaders in the production of diamonds and gold as well as strategic metals such as platinum. The climate is mild, reportedly resembling the San Francisco bay area weather more than anywhere in the world. South Africa was colonized by the English and Dutch in the seventeenth century. English domination of the Dutch descendents (known as Boers or Afrikaners) resulted in the Dutch establishing the new colonies of Orange Free State and Transvaal. The discovery of diamonds in these lands around 1900 resulted in an English invasion which sparked the Boer War. With the enactment of apartheid laws in 1948, racial discrimination was institutionalized. In 1951, the Bantu Authorities Act established a basis for ethnic government in African reserves, known as ``homelands.'' Where to go from here: Next

Related:  Apartheid eraUS Civil RightsWorld Studies

South African town accused of keeping apartheid alive The South African community of Kleinfontein is accused of keeping apartheid's ideals aliveApartheid was a policy of systematic racial discriminationA Kleinfontein spokeswoman says it is a "cultural community" for Afrikaaners onlyIts residents are accused of using culture and heritage to discriminate against black people (CNN) -- More than two decades after the death of the systematic racial discrimination policy of apartheid, a community living southeast of South Africa's capital Pretoria is being accused of trying to keep its racist ideals alive. White men clad in military uniforms stamped with an old South African flag guard the gates of the controversial settlement known as Kleinfontein.

businessinsider Description: This undated photo courtesy of Pillay Family, shows Ethel Pillay, with daughter left to right, Carole, Danette and Michelle. The family experienced racists incidences in the early '60's prompting them to leave the country for Southampton in England. AP JOHANNESBURG (AP) — My mother was furious. The operators of the gas station in rural, racist South Africa had taken her money to fill the car, but would not give her the key to the toilets. Apartheid impacts are still felt in South Africa Crime and violence are notoriously high in South Africa. If you drive around just about anywhere you will see high walls with barbed or concertina wire encircling nearly every middle- or upper-class home. Often, broken glass or metal spikes stick out of the tops of these walls to discourage thieves from climbing over.

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Apartheid didn’t die in South Africa The murder of 34 miners by the South African police, most of them shot in the back, puts paid to the illusion of post-apartheid democracy and illuminates the new, worldwide apartheid of which South Africa is both a historic and contemporary model. In 1894, long before the infamous Afrikaans word foretold “separate development” for the majority people of South Africa, an Englishman, Cecil John Rhodes, oversaw the Glen Grey Act in what was then the Cape Colony. This was designed to force blacks from agriculture into an army of cheap labour, principally for the mining of newly discovered gold and other precious minerals. As a result of this social Darwinism, Rhodes’s De Beers companyquickly developed into a world monopoly, making him fabulously rich.

Apartheid (1948-1994) Apartheid Sign, ca. 1980 Image Ownership: Public Domain Apartheid is the name of the racial institution that was established in 1948 by the National Party that governed South Africa until 1994. The term, which literally means “apartness,” reflected a violently repressive policy designed to ensure that whites, who comprised 20% of the nation's population, would continue to dominate the country.

Effects of Apartheid on the Status of Women in South Africa Effects of Apartheid on the Status of Women in South Africa 15 July 1980 At the core of South Africa`s system of apartheid lies the need for a cheap and constant supply of labour in order to ensure the continued exploitation of, and profit from, the country`s great mineral wealth. Gold, diamonds, uranium, copper, manganese, platinum and vanadium lie in critical quantities beneath its soil, making South Africa vitally important to most of the industrialised countries of the world. The labour force used to extract these resources has been found within the African population, and in order to maintain it, the South African regime has found it necessary to exert considerable control over its black population.

SOUTH AFRICA - KEY EVENTS TIMELINE A chronology of key events: 4th century - Migrants from the north settle, joining the indigenous San and Khoikhoi people. 1480s - Portuguese navigator Bartholomeu Dias is the first European to travel round the southern tip of Africa. 1497 - Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama lands on Natal coast. APARTHEID TIMELIME APARTHEID TIMELINE Use with the handout "Introduction to Apartheid", used in Section B of the lesson on Racial Discrimination Directions for teacher: · Cut the timeline into strips as indicated by the dotted lines. · Divide students into groups and give each group one strip. Directions for the activity are provided on the handout "Introduction to Apartheid."

Afrikaner nationalism Afrikaner nationalism (Afrikaans: Afrikaner Volkseenheid) is a political ideology that was born in the late nineteenth century among Afrikaners in South Africa; it was strongly influenced by anti-British sentiments that grew strong among the Afrikaners, especially because of the Boer Wars.[1] Formulating the ideology[edit] One of the first champions of the Afrikaner nationalism was ordained minister Stephen Du Toit of the Dutch Reformed Church, who was also one of the founding members of the Broederbond as well as the publisher of Die Afrikaanse Patriot newspaper.[1] In his writings, Du Toit put forward the notion that Afrikaners were a distinct nationality with a fatherland (South Africa) and their own language (Afrikaans) and that the volks destiny was to rule South Africa.[4] Dutch Reformed Church[edit]

Apartheid in South Africa Racial segregation in South Africa began in colonial times under Dutch rule.[6] Apartheid as an official policy was introduced following the general election of 1948. Legislation classified inhabitants into four racial groups, "black", "white", "coloured", and "Indian", with Indian and coloured divided into several sub-classifications,[7] and residential areas were segregated. From 1960 to 1983, 3.5 million non-white South Africans were removed from their homes, and forced into segregated neighbourhoods, in one of the largest mass removals in modern history.[8] Non-white political representation was abolished in 1970, and starting in that year black people were deprived of their citizenship, legally becoming citizens of one of ten tribally based self-governing homelands called bantustans, four of which became nominally independent states.

The African Apartheid was a big problem in the middle of the 20th century. There was a lot of race discrimination wich was baned in North America but was reintroduced in South Africa. Black people were forced to do work like working in mines, similar to slaves, to find precious minerals like gold or even diamonds. They were forced to work in extremes conditions. by justinteixeira Oct 2

Error: large word advantage Correction: Large number advantage by mr.armour Oct 2

In this article we can see statistics that show that the colored population have a large word advantage on the white europeens. Still even with the numbers against them and the fact that the black community of south africa was there first, the europeens claim the land and put in place a segregation. In sweetgrass basket the canadians do the same thing to the first nations community by putting the children in concentration camps that pass as Schools. In both cases the differently colored and cultured are discriminated and are forced to live as a europeen. by mr.armour Oct 2