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Wars of the Roses

Wars of the Roses
The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars for the throne of England. They were fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet, the houses of Lancaster and York. They were fought in several sporadic episodes between 1455 and 1487, although there was related fighting before and after this period. The final victory went to a Lancastrian claimant, Henry Tudor, who defeated the last Yorkist king, Richard III, at the Battle of Bosworth Field. Name and symbols[edit] The name Wars of the Roses refers to the Heraldic badges associated with the two royal houses, the White Rose of York and the Red Rose of Lancaster. Though the names of the rival houses derive from the cities of York and Lancaster, the corresponding duchies had little to do with these cities. Summary of events[edit] Summary of events - Wars of the Roses York returned to the country and became Protector of England, but was dissuaded from claiming the throne. Origins of the conflict[edit]

Wars of the Roses - Medieval England for Kids! During the Hundred Years' War, the kings of England got into a big fight about who should be king, which caused a long civil war in England. One side was the Lancaster side, which took a red rose as its symbol. The other side was the York side, which took a white rose as its symbol. In 1399 AD, at the beginning of the civil war, Richard II was king of England - that was the Lancaster side. Richard III Henry V's son Henry VI succeeded him in turn, but he suffered from mental illness and couldn't rule very well. Richard, Duke of York thought he would be a good choice - and, like Henry V, Richard was also Edward III's great-grandson. But the Lancastrian cause was taken up by someone almost totally unrelated to any earlier king, from a new family: Henry VII, whose grandfather had been married to Henry V's widow. Henry VII Henry VII was a very strong king, and he weakened the power of the rich men so that he could stay in power. Learn by doing: Richard III What happened next? or

Battle of Ludford Bridge The Battle of Ludford Bridge was a largely bloodless battle fought in the early years of the Wars of the Roses. It took place on 12 October 1459, and resulted in a setback for the Yorkists. Although this seemed to be a triumph for the rival Lancastrians at the time, they had thrown away their advantage within six months. Background[edit] In the first pitched battle of the wars, the First Battle of St Albans in 1455, Richard of York had eliminated most of his rivals at court. He reaffirmed his allegiance to the King, Henry of Lancaster and was reappointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Events were precipitated by some high-handed actions by Richard's nephew Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick. Richard's forces began the campaign dispersed over the country. Battle[edit] Ludford Bridge with Lower Broad Street leading to Ludlow's Broad Gate. Richard retreated towards Ludlow, before making a stand at a fortified position near Ludford, Shropshire on 12 October. Aftermath[edit] Notes[edit]

Battle of Bosworth - War of the Roses For thirty years, a bitter struggle for the English throne was waged between two branches on the same family, the House of York and the House of Lancaster, both descended from Edward lll. Each house was represented by a rose. The division between the two families became known as The Wars of the Roses. The first fighting broke out in May 1455. The War of the Roses ended when Henry Tudor, a Lancastrian, defeated King Richard III, a Yorkist at the battle of Bosworth Field on 22 August 1485. Richard III (on the right) and his flag bearer Tudor soldiers After the battle, Henry Tudor became King Henry Vll of England and Wales. Henry Vll (representing the Lancaster family) married Elizabeth of York (representing the York family). More information The Battle of Bosworth What do we really know about the battle? Back to the top

Marrying for Love: The Experience of Edward IV and Henry VIII | History Today Edward IVShould the monarch or heir to the throne marry for love? ‘Of course’ is the answer most people in Britain would give today, but history suggests otherwise. It is not just that the 1689 Bill of Rights and the 1701 Act of Settlement rule out marriage with a Roman Catholic. Monarchs and heirs to the throne have never had the freedom of choice which their subjects enjoy. Three basic principles have governed the choice of a royal consort. The story of Edward IV’s marriage is that in 1464 the twenty-four-year-old king stopped at Stony Stratford on a march north to counter Lancastrian threats. Henry VIII’s marriage to his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, was made in the cause of diplomacy and when it broke down Cardinal Wolsey proposed a French bride. This personal involvement started off the marriages of Edward IV and Henry VIII on a totally novel basis. Under these circumstances, emotional commitment was never a real possibility early in a conventional royal marriage.

The Tudors Homework Help for kids Five hundred years ago the world was a very different place. We were only just realizing that America existed and we had no idea about Australia. England (including the Principality of Wales) and Scotland were separate kingdoms, each with their own royal family. Who were the Tudors? The Tudors were a Welsh-English family that ruled England and Wales from 1485 to 1603 - one of the most exciting periods of British history. Henry VII 1485 - 1509 Henry VIII 1509 - 1547 Edward VI 1547 - 1553 Jane Grey 1553 - 1553 Mary I 1553 - 1558 Elizabeth I 1558 - 1603 Tudor England had two of the strongest monarchs ever to sit on the English throne: Henry VIII and his daughter Elizabeth I. The Tudors ruled England from 1485 to 1603. The first Tudor king was Henry Vll. They are famous for many things, including the Henry VIII and his six wives, the exploration of America and the plays of William Shakespeare. During the sixteenth century, England emerged from the medieval world. Life had many problems.

Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (21 September 1411 – 30 December 1460), was a leading English magnate, a great-grandson of King Edward III through his father and a great-great-great-grandson of that king through his mother. He inherited great estates, and served in various offices of state in France at the end of the Hundred Years' War, and in England, ultimately governing the country as Lord Protector during Henry VI's madness. His conflicts with Henry's wife, Margaret of Anjou, and other members of Henry's court, as well as his extremely strong competing claim on the throne, were a leading factor in the political upheaval of mid-fifteenth-century England, and a major cause of the Wars of the Roses. Richard eventually attempted to take the throne but was dissuaded, although it was agreed that he would become King on Henry's death. Although Richard never became king himself, he was the father of Edward IV and Richard III. Descent[edit] Childhood and upbringing[edit] St.

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