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Evgeny Morozov: How the Net aids dictatorships

Evgeny Morozov: How the Net aids dictatorships
Related:  Limits on the Media

Rushdie Wins Facebook Fight Over Identity The writer Salman Rushdie objected when Facebook tried to use his name as it appeared on his passport, and nowhere else. John Moore/Getty Images Wael Ghonim used a false name to create an anti-Mubarak page, and Facebook shut it down. Would Facebook, he scoffed, have turned J. Edgar Hoover into John Hoover? “Where are you hiding, Mark?” The Twitterverse took up his cause. Mr. As the Internet becomes the place for all kinds of transactions, from buying shoes to overthrowing despots, an increasingly vital debate is emerging over how people represent and reveal themselves on the Web sites they visit. The argument over pseudonyms — known online as the “nym wars” — goes to the heart of how the Internet might be organized in the future. Facebook insists on what it calls authentic identity, or real names. But Google has indicated more recently that it will eventually allow some use of aliases. The debate over identity has material consequences. And then there are the political consequences.

«Le Net, instrument de libération et d’oppression» Originaire de Biélorussie, qu’il a quittée en 2001, chercheur invité à l’université Stanford en Californie, Evgeny Morozov fait beaucoup parler de lui aux Etats-Unis pour sa remise en cause du rôle libérateur d’Internet. Dans un livre, paru en janvier aux Etats-Unis, The Net Delusion : The Dark Side of Internet Freedom, il dénonce les «cyberutopistes» qui envisagent qu’Internet peut apporter la démocratie aux peuples opprimés et exagéreraient son rôle dans les soulèvements de ces dernières années. Ses thèses sont très critiquées outre-Atlantique, notamment par le Canadien Cory Doctorow qui l’accuse de négliger les vertus émancipatrices du Net. Mais Evgeny Morozov s’appuie sur une riche expérience personnelle, comme activiste notamment de l’ONG Transitions Online de 2006 à 2008, qui tente de promouvoir des nouveaux médias indépendants dans l’ex-Union soviétique. Internet peut être un instrument de libération comme il peut être un instrument d’oppression. Oui, cela se pratique déjà.

War of the Worlds In our very first live hour, we take a deep dive into one of the most controversial moments in broadcasting history: Orson Welles' 1938 radio play about Martians invading New Jersey. "The War of the Worlds" caused panic when it originally aired, and it's continued to fool people since--from Santiago, Chile to Buffalo, New York to a particularly disastrous evening in Quito, Ecuador. Correction: In this program, we referred twice to the fact that 12 million people heard the "The War of the Worlds" broadcast when it was first aired in 1938. We also said that the FCC Commissioner referred to Orson Welles as a “radio terrorist.” Additional audio has been added to the program to address these issues.

Serge Proulx | Professeur titulaire, École des médias – Université du Québec à Montréal Why 2011 Will Be Defined by Social Media Democracy Ekaterina Walter is a social media strategist at Intel. She is a part of Intel’s Social Media Center of Excellence and is responsible for company-wide social media enablement and corporate social networking strategy. She was recently elected to serve on the board of directors of WOMMA. On Jan. 25, 2011 pictures and videos flooded out of Egypt as tens of thousands of anti-government protestors took to the streets in a “Day of Rage” protest over President Mubarak's 30-year rule. Pro-democracy sympathizers across the world retweeted and shared the updates, even as the Egyptian government disabled cellphone towers and blocked Twitter in an attempt to censor the material. 2011: The Year of Social Media Democracy Besides bank defaults and credit downgrades, 2011 will be remembered for the rise of social media democracy in countries traditionally ruled by autocratic governments — most notably, the Arab Spring. SEE ALSO: How Facebook Supported the Egyptian Revolution Human Spirit Triumphs

Are electronic media making us less (or more) literate? by Kathleen Fitzpatrick, Special to CNN Editor’s Note: Kathleen Fitzpatrick is director of scholarly communication at the Modern Language Association. She is the author of "Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy" and author of the blog Planned Obsolescence. "U kno wat i mean?" You might think that text messaging with a young person today would be enough to make an English professor scream - and particularly an English professor who now works for the Modern Language Association, that keeper of the rules of English style. The kids today can't write, you've surely heard it said, and new technologies are to blame. I've got nearly 20 years of experience in the classroom, though, and I'm the director of scholarly communication at the Modern Language Association, and I don't agree with that popular wisdom for two reasons. And second, there isn't anything new in today's anxiety about the effects that new media forms will have on us.

The Aaron Swartz Reader: In His Own Words -- Daily Intelligencer In the days since the suicide of 26-year-old Internet activist Aaron Swartz, there has been no shortage of affecting words on his brilliant life. As the creator of RSS, a co-founder of Reddit, and a fighter for online freedom, Swartz filled the role of both friend and folk hero, as described in remembrances from the likes of Cory Doctorow, Lawrence Lessig, Glenn Greenwald, and many, many more. But in getting to know his legend — what he stood for and what he was up against — no writings are as revealing as Swartz's own, on topics as varied as mental health, worth ethic, and Batman. Below, a primer. In recent months — while he faced charges for hacking the academic journals from JSTOR, punishable by 35 years in prison and a $1 million fine — Swartz was writing most frequently on his blog Raw Thoughts, while keeping quotes he wanted to save at the spinoff Tumblr he called Raw Meat and tweeting often. 1. Here is Swartz, years earlier, in the entry "Sick": I have a lot of illnesses.

iPad Hack Statement Of Responsibility Editor’s note: Andrew Auernheimer, also known by his pseudonym weev, is an American grey hat hacker and self-described Internet troll. Follow him on Twitter @rabite. In June of 2010 there was an AT&T webserver on the open Internet. I did this because I despised people I think are unjustly wealthy and wanted to embarass them. I was convicted of two consecutive five-year felonies, and am now awaiting sentencing. I left the Aaron Swartz memorial tonight emotionally exhausted. Over time, this has become less and less of a game. Lawrence Lessig said of Aaron’s indictment that the prosecutor Ortiz was “either an idiot, or a liar.” One of my prosecutors, Michael Martinez, claimed that our querying a public webserver was criminal because “it isn’t like going to ESPN and checking your sports team’s scores.” The facts: AT&T admitted, at trial, that they “published” this data. I can’t survive like this. This is the difference between the prosecutors and FBI agents and I. God bless. Andrew Auernheimer

"Harlem Shake," "Thrift Shop," and YouTube's music revolution Tell me if this sounds familiar: There’s a music video that your cousins and long-lost high school classmates have been posting on Facebook. You’ve moved past the video four or five times, but it keeps reappearing at the top of your feed. Finally, you cave and click. Only you have to think about it, because the semi-strangers you’ve friended won’t shut up about it. Over time — by which I mean a day or two — you start to like the song a little. If this doesn’t sound familiar, it will soon. In mid-February, Billboard started counting YouTube views among the data used to determine the rankings on the magazine’s song charts (along with downloads, radio airplay, and spins on streaming services like Spotify and Rdio). Lately, YouTube seems like the only way songs become truly massive anymore. Billboard pondered using YouTube views for two years before finally taking the plunge last month. “‘Thrift Shop’ has been embraced by plenty of people who should know better,” Soderberg argues.