California Gold Rush Coordinates: The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California. The first to hear confirmed information of the Gold Rush were the people in Oregon, the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), and Latin America, who were the first to start flocking to the state in late 1848. All told, the news of gold brought some 300,000 people to California from the rest of the United States and abroad. Of the 300,000, approximately half arrived by sea and half came from the east overland on the California Trail and the Gila River trail. The gold-seekers, called "forty-niners" (as a reference to 1849), often faced substantial hardships on the trip. The effects of the Gold Rush were substantial. New methods of transportation developed as steamships came into regular service. History The California Gold Rush began at Sutter's Mill, near Coloma. On January 24, 1848 James W. Forty-niners
American Thinker: Progressivism and the Dissolution of Boundaries The genie is out of the bottle, and has been for some time. Unfortunately, this genie has bestowed more curses than gifts upon mankind. The genie I am referring to goes by many names: liberalism, progressivism, idealism, secularism -- call it what you will, but the end game has been the degradation of morality, the trampling of traditional values, the destruction of the nuclear family, and the annihilation of our economy. Student Apathy Classroom teachers regularly report that their students are disrespectful, rude, and disengaged. Infanticide While reasonable and rational people can differ on reproductive rights, and even some conservatives can agree there are valid reasons for some abortions, the practice of partial-birth abortion is an abomination of the highest order. Scientific Historicism Social Darwinism Voter Disenfranchisement This rich history of deception and degradation rolls on in to present times, and has manifested itself, ironically, as voter intimidation.
Rebus Allusional device that uses pictures to represent words or parts of words A rebus-style "escort card" from around 1865, to be read as "May I see you home my dear?" A German rebus, circa 1620 A rebus () is a puzzle device which combines the use of illustrated pictures with individual letters to depict words and/or phrases. For example: the word "been" might be depicted by a rebus showing an illustrated bumblebee next to a plus sign (+) and the letter "n". The composition alludes to the name, profession or personal characteristics of the bearer, and speaks to the beholder Non verbis, sed rebus, which Latin expression signifies "not by words but by things" (res, rei (f), a thing, object, matter; rebus being ablative plural). Rebuses within heraldry Modern rebuses, word plays A modern example of the rebus used as a form of word play is: = Hear, or Here. p walk ark: walk in the park. Pictograms Rebus principle Use in game shows Canada United Kingdom United States India
American frontier The American frontier comprises the geography, history, folklore, and cultural expression of life in the forward wave of American westward expansion that began with English colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last mainland territories as states in the early 20th century. Enormous popular attention in the media focuses on the Western United States in the second half of the nineteenth century, a period sometimes called the Old West, or the Wild West. As defined by Hine and Faragher, "frontier history tells the story of the creation and defense of communities, the use of the land, the development of markets, and the formation of states." They explain, "It is a tale of conquest, but also one of survival, persistence, and the merging of peoples and cultures that gave birth and continuing life to America The terms "West" and "Frontier" The frontier line was the outer line of settlement. Colonial frontier Acquisition of Indian lands
tm) - Great! Glenn "Better Late than Never" Beck Finally Sees Liberation Theology For What It Is Topic category: Government/Politics Great! Glenn "Better Late than Never" Beck Finally Sees Liberation Theology For What It Is The good news is that Fox News host Glenn Beck's July 13, 2010 focused on how "progressives" shamelessly misuse theology for their radical political purposes. The bad news is that it took him so long. The truth was there years ago, but it was a place where the liberal media establishment would not go and others either did not dare or did not know. In "Obama Does NOT "Transcend Race" (March 21, 2008) (www.webcommentary.com/php/ShowArticle.php? To his credit, Fox News host and radio star Sean Hannity had sensed pay dirt in the Obama/Wright relationship and hosted Rev. But it took a year before Hannity had the video evidence against Rev. I wrote: "Did any of that come to you as a surprise? "Author Erik Rush: 'Obama has built broad appeal by presenting himself as sort of a generic, open-minded moderate Democrat (as Bill Clinton also did, by the way)? "The gulled ones, yes.
Theory of mind Native Americans in the United States Native Americans within the boundaries of the present-day United States (including indigenous peoples of Alaska and Hawaii) are composed of numerous, distinct tribes and ethnic groups, many of which survive as intact political communities. The terms used to refer to Native Americans have been controversial. According to a 1995 U.S. Census Bureau set of home interviews, most of the respondents with an expressed preference refer to themselves as "American Indians" or simply "Indians"; this term has been adopted by major newspapers and some academic groups, but does not traditionally include Native Hawaiians or certain Alaskan Natives, such as Aleut, Yup'ik, or Inuit peoples. Since the end of the 15th century, the migration of Europeans to the Americas has led to centuries of conflict and adjustment between Old and New World societies. History Pre-Columbian Map showing the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites (Clovis theory) Impact on native populations
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How Much is a Million? Billion? What's the difference between a million, a billion, a trillion? A million seconds is 12 days. A billion seconds is 31 years. A trillion seconds is 31,688 years. A million minutes ago was – 1 year, 329 days, 10 hours and 40 minutes ago. A billion minutes ago was just after the time of Christ. A million hours ago was in 1885. A million dollars ago was five (5) seconds ago at the U.S. A trillion dollars is so large a number that only politicians can use the term in conversation... probably because they seldom think about what they are really saying. Trillion = 1,000,000,000,000. Million: 1,000,000 Billion: 1,000,000,000 Trillion: 1,000,000,000,000 Quintillion: 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 Sextillion: 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 Nonillion: 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 Centillion: 1 followed by 303 zeros
Transcontinental railroad Transcontinental railroads in and near the United States (1887). A transcontinental railroad is a contiguous network of railroad trackage that crosses a continental land mass with terminals at different oceans or continental borders. Such networks can be via the tracks of either a single railroad, or over those owned or controlled by multiple railway companies along a continuous route. Although Europe is crisscrossed by railways, the railroads within Europe are usually not considered transcontinental, with the possible exception of the historic Orient Express. Transcontinental railroads helped open up unpopulated interior regions of continents to exploration and settlement that would not otherwise have been feasible. In the United States of America, a series of transcontinental railroads built over the last third of the 19th century created a nation-wide transportation network that united the country by rail. North America United States Canada Panama Eurasia
American Thinker: Defeating Political Ridicule The fourth rule of tactics: Make the enemy live up to their own book of rules. You can kill them with this, for they can no more obey their own rules than the Christian church can live up to Christianity.The fourth rule carries within it the fifth rule: Ridicule is man's most potent weapon. It is almost impossible to counterattack ridicule. Also it infuriates the opposition, who then react to your advantage. - Saul Alinsky; Rules for Radicals; 1971; p. 128 Now, I'm not certain whether Bill O'Reilly is pulling our leg here, as he ruminates over whether the politics of ridicule being employed nearly nonstop by our new President's administration is intentional or not. Nevertheless, I've been working for the past year on solid methods to defeat this politics of ridicule - the tactics advocated by Saul Alinsky to every 60s radical that ever burned a draft card or a bra, or vowed to smash monogamy or made a nail bomb. Case closed. How Ridicule Works The bully listens and watches carefully.
How do people learn to cook a poisonous plant safely? (An example of culture developing) Image copyright Getty Images In 1860, Robert Burke and William Wills famously led the first European expedition across the largely unknown interior of Australia. It did not go well. Due to a combination of poor leadership, bad planning and misfortune, Burke, Wills and their companion John King ran out of food on the return journey. They became stranded at a stream called Cooper's Creek, having found no way to carry enough water to cross a stretch of desert to the nearest colonial outpost at the unpromisingly named Mount Hopeless. "We have been unable to leave the creek," wrote Wills. The local Yandruwandha people seemed to thrive despite the conditions that were proving so tough for Wills's party. The Yandruwandha gave the explorers cakes made from the crushed seed pods of a clover-like fern called nardoo. Burke then fell out with them and, unwisely, drove them away by firing his pistol. But perhaps the trio had already learned enough to survive? Within a week, Wills and Burke were dead.
NASA Coordinates: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the agency of the United States government that is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research. President Dwight D. Eisenhower established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958 with a distinctly civilian (rather than military) orientation encouraging peaceful applications in space science. Since that time, most U.S. space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo moon-landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. Creation 1963 photo showing Dr. From 1946, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) had been experimenting with rocket planes such as the supersonic Bell X-1. In the early 1950s, there was challenge to launch an artificial satellite for the International Geophysical Year (1957–58). Space flight programs Manned programs X-15 rocket plane (1959–68) X-15 in free flight