background preloader

4 Secrets of Great Critical Thinkers

4 Secrets of Great Critical Thinkers
In 2009, J D Wetherspoon, a chain of more than 800 pubs in the UK, was facing declining sales. Demand for beer had been down for five years. In addition, pricing pressure from super market chains was intense, and higher alcohol taxes further squeezed its already tight margins. What would you say is the company's real business problem? Most people see it as a sales problem and recommend better marketing and promotion. The strategy worked. If you fail to do this, you risk solving the wrong problem. Ironically, the more experience you have, the harder it will to break from conventional mindsets. In his book Thinking, Fast and Slow, Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman attributes shallow framing to people substituting easy questions for hard ones. 1. 2. 3. 4. This article was co-authored with John Austin and is second of in a series examining the key components of strategic aptitude: anticipating, thinking critically, interpreting, deciding, aligning, learning. Related:  Critical ThinkingLogic Solutions HS

How We Think: John Dewey on the Art of Reflection and Fruitful Curiosity in an Age of Instant Opinions and Information Overload by Maria Popova “To maintain the state of doubt and to carry on systematic and protracted inquiry — these are the essentials of thinking.” Decades before Carl Sagan published his now-legendary Baloney Detection Kit for critical thinking, the great philosopher, psychologist, and education reformer John Dewey penned the definitive treatise on the subject — a subject all the more urgently relevant today, in our age of snap judgments and instant opinions. In his 1910 masterwork How We Think (free download; public library), Dewey examines what separates thinking, a basic human faculty we take for granted, from thinking well, what it takes to train ourselves into mastering the art of thinking, and how we can channel our natural curiosity in a productive way when confronted with an overflow of information. Dewey begins with the foundation of reflective thought, the defining quality of the fruitful, creative mind: This is where the art of critical thinking becomes crucial.

The One Skill All Leaders Should Work On - Scott Edinger by Scott Edinger | 11:30 AM March 29, 2012 If I had to pick one skill for the majority of leaders I work with to improve, it would be assertiveness. Not because being assertive is such a wonderful trait in and of itself. Rather, because of its power to magnify so many other leadership strengths. Assertiveness gets a bad rap when people equate it with being pushy and annoying. Here are some specific ways in which assertiveness complements a wide range of the critical leadership skills you may already have: • Creating a culture of innovation: A couple of years ago I conducted a study to determine the characteristics of the most innovative leaders in one of the largest companies in the world. • Being customer focused: We typically think of service or business development professionals as being good at, and focused on, building relationships. • Fostering teamwork and collaboration: It might seem like assertiveness has little to do with the skills you need to be a team player.

50 Things Everyone Should Know by Mark and Angel Self-reliance is a vital key to living a healthy, productive life. To be self-reliant one must master a basic set of skills, more or less making them a jack of all trades. While not totally comprehensive , here is a list of 50 things everyone should know how to do. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. Read the rest of the article

6 Habits of True Strategic Thinkers In the beginning, there was just you and your partners. You did every job. You coded, you met with investors, you emptied the trash and phoned in the midnight pizza. Now you have others to do all that and it's time for you to "be strategic." Whatever that means. If you find yourself resisting "being strategic," because it sounds like a fast track to irrelevance, or vaguely like an excuse to slack off, you're not alone. This is a tough job, make no mistake. After two decades of advising organizations large and small, my colleagues and I have formed a clear idea of what's required of you in this role. Anticipate Most of the focus at most companies is on what’s directly ahead. Look for game-changing information at the periphery of your industrySearch beyond the current boundaries of your businessBuild wide external networks to help you scan the horizon better Think Critically “Conventional wisdom” opens you to fewer raised eyebrows and second guessing. Interpret Ambiguity is unsettling. Decide

The Persistence of Vision @ LeadershipNow I Think, Therefore I See Biologists tells us that the eye does not function to replicate the world we come into contact with, but instead to sense, process and encode the motion, patterns and colors of the light we see into something our minds will interpret. Our minds interpret the data given to us by our eyes in connection with all of the other organs that respond to our environment. It combines this new data with similar information it has already stored in our memories. As a result, no two people see anything exactly alike. Now the default setting that our mind comes with, operates in much the same way. Call it a persistence of thought. Just as what we see is governed by what we think, so what we perceive as real—our feelings, thoughts and assumptions—is based on what we think is real. Our mind is constantly trying to make sense of our world. Self-validating Illusions Additionally, it can cause us to be rigid and un-teachable thus impeding our growth and the growth of others. U.S.

Standards of Critical Thinking What is critical thinking? According to my favorite critical thinking text , it is This involves identifying and analyzing arguments and truth claims, discovering and overcoming prejudices and biases , developing your own reasons and arguments in favor of what you believe, considering objections to your beliefs, and making rational choices about what to do based on your beliefs. is an important standard of critical thought. Clarity of communication is one aspect of this.We must be clear in how we communicate our thoughts, beliefs, and reasons for those beliefs. involves working hard at getting the issue under consideration before our minds in a particular way. is unquestionably essential to critical thinking. means that the information and ideas discussed must be logically relevant to the issue being discussed. is a key aspect of critical thinking. The last 3 standards are logical correctness, completeness, and fairness.

Management Secrets: Core Beliefs of Great Bosses A few years back, I interviewed some of the most successful CEOs in the world in order to discover their management secrets. I learned that the "best of the best" tend to share the following eight core beliefs. 1. Average bosses see business as a conflict between companies, departments and groups. Extraordinary bosses see business as a symbiosis where the most diverse firm is most likely to survive and thrive. 2. Average bosses consider their company to be a machine with employees as cogs. Extraordinary bosses see their company as a collection of individual hopes and dreams, all connected to a higher purpose. 3. Average bosses want employees to do exactly what they're told. Extraordinary bosses set a general direction and then commit themselves to obtaining the resources that their employees need to get the job done. 4. Average bosses see employees as inferior, immature beings who simply can't be trusted if not overseen by a patriarchal management. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Creatives Outfitter :: Products and Tools for Creative Professionals For too long, Creatives have suffered from inefficiency, disorganization, and careers at the mercy of bureaucracy. Behance aims to organize, connect, and empower creative careers, so the best ideas can see the light of day. Behance’s “Action” and “Dot Grid” product lines have become indispensable utilities for Creatives at work. Back in 2006, when the Behance team was just imagining ways to organize and empower creative people, they knew that they needed to start with themselves. So the very first thing they designed was the Action Pad. Long before the launch of the Behance’s network and 99U, Behance began with paper and a mission to empower the creative world. As Scott Belsky and Matias Corea from Behance tell the story, "Brainstorming from our apartments during the hours outside our day jobs, we used our personal Action Pads to capture and complete countless action steps that ultimately pushed Behance from vision to reality.

How To Use APA Format in Powerpoint Much like how citations in term papers are organized based on formal rules, citations in PowerPoint presentations follow the APA format. Whether the references are based on printed text or online sources, the APA format is essential for researchers to track the origins of the facts mentioned in the presentation. Here are the steps for using the APA format in PowerPoint. Mention an author’s name and the date of publication after you use his research in your slide. Note that citing sources will also protect the presenter with accusations of plagiarism.

Six tactics of natural leaders In this week's Leadership Blog, our coach John M McKee shares six tactics you can use to move up the ladder more quickly. Ever notice that some people seem to be "natural leaders"? For them, leadership is like wearing clothes that were custom-made. But most people struggle with the role of leader. Natural leaders share a secret: They recognize that they need to adjust every time they get new assignments or additional responsibilities. Here are six tactics you can use to improve your career success while building a reputation as a "natural leader": 1. Here's to your future! John Executive leadership coach

How to Think & Learn When I applied for my faculty job at the MIT Media Lab, I had to write a teaching statement. One of the things I proposed was to teach a class called “How to Think,” which would focus on how to be creative, thoughtful, and powerful in a world where problems are extremely complex, targets are continuously moving, and our brains often seem like nodes of enormous networks that constantly reconfigure. In the process of thinking about this, I composed 10 rules, which I sometimes share with students. I’ve listed them here, followed by some practical advice on implementation. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Two practical notes. The second practical note: I find it really useful to write and draw while talking with someone, composing conversation summaries on pieces of paper or pages of notepads.

Related:  Innovation Articles You Must ReadInnovation