Open-source software (OSS) is computer software with its source code made available and licensed with a license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose. Open-source software is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open-source software is the most prominent example of open-source development and often compared to (technically defined) user-generated content or (legally defined) open-content movements. A report by the Standish Group (from 2008) states that adoption of open-source software models has resulted in savings of about $60 billion per year to consumers. Definitions The Open Source Initiative's (OSI) definition is recognized[who?] OSI uses The Open Source Definition to determine whether it considers a software license open source. Proliferation of the term Open software licensing Certifications Open-source software development Early releases
OpenOffice.org - The Free and Open Productivity SuiteInternet Archive: Free Download: Libre Culture: Meditations on FThe GNU Operating SystemWhat is Social Justice? » salvos.org.au/more/What is Social Justice? In Australia, we have a pretty good understanding of what justice is. You know, justice is that thing that involves courts and lawyers, which makes sure that the bad guys get punished, the good guys get compensated, and that everyone gets a fair go... But what happens when society itself is the 'bad guy'? What happens to justice when our spending habits keep people enslaved? When the law or national policy victimises the poor and marginalised? The answer? And social injustice won't end until someone stands up for those who don't have the ability to stand up for themselves. That's really what we're on about when we talk about social justice - it's the pursuit of justice purely for someone else's sake. Why The Salvation Army? Right around the world, The Salvation Army helps people who have nowhere else to turn. General William Booth, founder of The Salvation Army, believed in this approach. Learn more and get involved
VirtualBoxOpen source governanceOpen-source governance is a political philosophy which advocates the application of the philosophies of the open source and open content movements to democratic principles in order to enable any interested citizen to add to the creation of policy, as with a wiki document. Legislation is democratically opened to the general citizenry, employing their collective wisdom to benefit the decision-making process and improve democracy. Theories on how to constrain, limit or enable this participation vary however as much as any other political philosophy or ideology. Accordingly there is no one dominant theory of how to go about authoring legislation with this approach. There are a wide array of projects and movements which are working on building open-source governance systems. Applications of the principles In practice, several applications have evolved and been used by actual democratic institutions in the developed world: Common and simultaneous policy History
Why “Free Software” is better than “Open Source” - GNU ProjectWhile free software by any other name would give you the same freedom, it makes a big difference which name we use: different words convey different ideas. In 1998, some of the people in the free software community began using the term “open source software” instead of “free software” to describe what they do. The term “open source” quickly became associated with a different approach, a different philosophy, different values, and even a different criterion for which licenses are acceptable. The fundamental difference between the two movements is in their values, their ways of looking at the world. Relationship between the Free Software movement and Open Source movement The Free Software movement and the Open Source movement are like two political camps within the free software community. Radical groups in the 1960s developed a reputation for factionalism: organizations split because of disagreements on details of strategy, and then treated each other as enemies. Comparing the two terms
LinuxLinux ( History Antecedents With AT&T being required to license the operating system's source code to anyone who asked (due to an earlier antitrust case forbidding them from entering the computer business), Unix grew quickly and became widely adopted by academic institutions and businesses. In 1984, AT&T divested itself of Bell Labs. Linus Torvalds has said that if the GNU kernel had been available at the time (1991), he would not have decided to write his own. Although not released until 1992 due to legal complications, development of 386BSD, from which NetBSD, OpenBSD and FreeBSD descended, predated that of Linux. MINIX, initially released in 1987, is an inexpensive minimal Unix-like operating system, designed for education in computer science, written by Andrew S. Creation In 1991, while attending the University of Helsinki, Torvalds became curious about operating systems and frustrated by the licensing of MINIX, which limited it to educational use only.