Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc) or Anglo-Saxon is an early form of the English language that was spoken and written by the Anglo-Saxons and their descendants in parts of what are now England and southern and eastern Scotland between at least the mid-5th century and the mid-12th century. What survives through writing represents primarily the literary register of Anglo-Saxon. Adjectives, pronouns and (sometimes) participles agreed with their antecedent nouns in case, number and gender. Finite verbs agreed with their subject in person and number. Gender in nouns was grammatical, as opposed to the natural gender that prevails in modern English. From the 9th century, Old English experienced heavy influence from Old Norse, a member of the related North Germanic group of languages. History The distribution of the primary Germanic dialect groups in Europe in around AD 1: The history of Old English can be subdivided into: Influence of other languages Latin influence
Related: The Evolution of the English Alphabet.
Yehweh Not Yahweh - The Most Accurate Pronunciation Using the Original HebrewMiddle EnglishMiddle English describes dialects of English in the history of the English language between the High and Late Middle Ages, or roughly during the three centuries between the late 12th and the late 15th century. Middle English developed out of Late Old English in Norman England (1066–1154) and was spoken throughout the Plantagenet era (1154–1485). The Middle English period ended about 1470, when the Chancery Standard, a form of London-based English, began to become widespread, a process aided by the introduction of the printing press to England by William Caxton in the late 1470s. Middle English literature of the 12th and 13th centuries is comparatively rare, as written communication was usually in Anglo-Norman or in Medieval Latin. History Important texts for the reconstruction of the evolution of Middle English out of Old English are the Ormulum (12th century), the Ancrene Wisse and the Katherine Group (early 13th century, see AB language) and Ayenbite of Inwyt (ca. 1340).
Create Educational Games for School to Play on PC, Laptop, iPad, Tablet and MobileReview Game Zone is a cloud based review game creation site where teachers can make educational games directly from their browser. To create a game simply input the question data, type the answer choices and that's it! The games are automatically created in the cloud and provide interactive review of classroom topics. The content in the games is fully personalized and customized to suit your student's needs. You can even track your students progress and results within the games. Don't have time to make a game? Create School Games in the Following Formats These games are created in the cloud so you can access or edit them from anywhere in the world plus there are no downloads or installation required. In order to play these games the student must answer a question correct, when they do they get to play part of the game as a reward. Review Game Zone allows the collection of statistical information on student performance during game play on the site.
Joachim of Fiore (c. 1135 - 1202) Used the Name "IEUE" [Yehweh] for the Tetragrammaton - Yehweh Not YahwehJoachim of Fiore (aka "Joachim of Flora" and "Gioacchino da Fiore" [in Italian]) (c. 1135 – March 30, 1202)—was an Italian mystic, a theologian and an esoterist. He used the old English Name, "IEUE" for the tetragrammaton in his diagrams of the trinity [we do not believe in the trinity—but that we can still learn from his work]. "His famous Trinitarian 'IEUE' interlaced circles diagram was influenced by the different 3-circles Tetragrammaton-Trinity diagram of Petrus Alphonsi, and in turn led to the use of the Borromean rings as a symbol of the Christian Trinity (and possibly also influenced the development of the Shield of the Trinity diagram). (Wikipedia: Joachim of Fiore). His diagrams are kept in the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, England, UK—and have the reference number, "MS CCC 255A f.7v.". Source:
Early Modern EnglishPrior to and following the accession of James I to the English throne in 1603 the emerging English standard began to influence the spoken and written Middle Scots of Scotland. Modern readers of English are generally able to understand texts written in the late phase of the Early Modern English period (e.g. the first edition of the King James Bible and the works of William Shakespeare), while texts from the earlier phase (such as Le Morte d'Arthur) may present more difficulties. The Early Modern English of the early 17th century forms the base of the grammatical and orthographical conventions that survive in Modern English. History English Renaissance Transition from Middle English The change from Middle English to Early Modern English was not just a matter of vocabulary or pronunciation changing; it was the beginning of a new era in the history of English. Tudor period (1485–1603), English Renaissance Henry VIII Elizabethan English Elizabethan era (1558–1603)
Introduction to Intonation | English Pronunciation Lesson | Elemental EnglishThis lesson is from the Elemental English pronunciation series on Intonation: Listen to the audio!: Podcast: Play in new window Speaking and understanding English doesn’t just come from using correct grammar and vocabulary. Native English speakers convey meaning in their sentences with pitch — the ups and downs and the musical notes of their sentences. Example The following two sentences contain the same words. 1) “She got a dog.” 2) “She got a dog?!” In these two simple sentences, the focus word of the sentence–the word that gets the most emphasis–is “dog”. But what happened with the sound of the focus word? In sentence one, the intonation went DOWN to indicate the completion of the thought. In sentence two, the intonation went way UP, to indicate surprise. The patterns of ups and downs of your voice (and your pitch) on and after the focus word–which is usually at the end of a sentence or question–is called intonation. In English, there are three intonation patterns: Rise Full fall Partial fall
Joachim of FioreJoachim of Flora, in a 15th-century woodcut. Joachim of Fiore, also known as Joachim of Flora and in Italian Gioacchino da Fiore (c. 1135 – 30 March 1202), was the founder of the monastic order of San Giovanni in Fiore. He was a mystic, a theologian, and an esotericist. His followers are called Joachimites. Biography Born in the small village of Celico near Cosenza, in Calabria, at the time part of the Kingdom of Sicily, Joachim was the son of Mauro the notary, who was well placed, and Gemma, his wife. About 1159 he went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land, an episode about which very little is known, save that he underwent a spiritual crisis and conversion in Jerusalem that turned him from the worldly life. In 1182 Joachim appealed to Pope Lucius III, who relieved him of the temporal care of his abbey, and warmly approved of his work, bidding him continue it in whatever monastery he thought best. Theory of the three ages Condemnation Popular culture Literary reference
English languagesEnglish-based creole languages are not generally included, as only their lexicon, not their linguistic structure, comes from English. See also References Jump up ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Anglian".Learning English - Home