Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc) or Anglo-Saxon is an early form of the English language that was spoken and written by the Anglo-Saxons and their descendants in parts of what are now England and southern and eastern Scotland between at least the mid-5th century and the mid-12th century. What survives through writing represents primarily the literary register of Anglo-Saxon. Adjectives, pronouns and (sometimes) participles agreed with their antecedent nouns in case, number and gender. Finite verbs agreed with their subject in person and number. Gender in nouns was grammatical, as opposed to the natural gender that prevails in modern English. From the 9th century, Old English experienced heavy influence from Old Norse, a member of the related North Germanic group of languages. History The distribution of the primary Germanic dialect groups in Europe in around AD 1: The history of Old English can be subdivided into: Influence of other languages Latin influence
Yehweh Not Yahweh - The Most Accurate Pronunciation Using the Original HebrewCreate Educational Games for School to Play on PC, Laptop, iPad, Tablet and MobileReview Game Zone is a cloud based review game creation site where teachers can make educational games directly from their browser. To create a game simply input the question data, type the answer choices and that's it! The games are automatically created in the cloud and provide interactive review of classroom topics. The content in the games is fully personalized and customized to suit your student's needs. You can even track your students progress and results within the games. Don't have time to make a game? Create School Games in the Following Formats These games are created in the cloud so you can access or edit them from anywhere in the world plus there are no downloads or installation required. In order to play these games the student must answer a question correct, when they do they get to play part of the game as a reward. Review Game Zone allows the collection of statistical information on student performance during game play on the site.
Joachim of Fiore (c. 1135 - 1202) Used the Name "IEUE" [Yehweh] for the Tetragrammaton - Yehweh Not YahwehJoachim of Fiore (aka "Joachim of Flora" and "Gioacchino da Fiore" [in Italian]) (c. 1135 – March 30, 1202)—was an Italian mystic, a theologian and an esoterist. He used the old English Name, "IEUE" for the tetragrammaton in his diagrams of the trinity [we do not believe in the trinity—but that we can still learn from his work]. "His famous Trinitarian 'IEUE' interlaced circles diagram was influenced by the different 3-circles Tetragrammaton-Trinity diagram of Petrus Alphonsi, and in turn led to the use of the Borromean rings as a symbol of the Christian Trinity (and possibly also influenced the development of the Shield of the Trinity diagram). (Wikipedia: Joachim of Fiore). His diagrams are kept in the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, England, UK—and have the reference number, "MS CCC 255A f.7v.". Source:
Introduction to Intonation | English Pronunciation Lesson | Elemental EnglishThis lesson is from the Elemental English pronunciation series on Intonation: Listen to the audio!: Podcast: Play in new window Speaking and understanding English doesn’t just come from using correct grammar and vocabulary. Native English speakers convey meaning in their sentences with pitch — the ups and downs and the musical notes of their sentences. Example The following two sentences contain the same words. 1) “She got a dog.” 2) “She got a dog?!” In these two simple sentences, the focus word of the sentence–the word that gets the most emphasis–is “dog”. But what happened with the sound of the focus word? In sentence one, the intonation went DOWN to indicate the completion of the thought. In sentence two, the intonation went way UP, to indicate surprise. The patterns of ups and downs of your voice (and your pitch) on and after the focus word–which is usually at the end of a sentence or question–is called intonation. In English, there are three intonation patterns: Rise Full fall Partial fall
Joachim of FioreJoachim of Flora, in a 15th-century woodcut. Joachim of Fiore, also known as Joachim of Flora and in Italian Gioacchino da Fiore (c. 1135 – 30 March 1202), was the founder of the monastic order of San Giovanni in Fiore. He was a mystic, a theologian, and an esotericist. His followers are called Joachimites. Biography Born in the small village of Celico near Cosenza, in Calabria, at the time part of the Kingdom of Sicily, Joachim was the son of Mauro the notary, who was well placed, and Gemma, his wife. About 1159 he went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land, an episode about which very little is known, save that he underwent a spiritual crisis and conversion in Jerusalem that turned him from the worldly life. In 1182 Joachim appealed to Pope Lucius III, who relieved him of the temporal care of his abbey, and warmly approved of his work, bidding him continue it in whatever monastery he thought best. Theory of the three ages Condemnation Popular culture Literary reference
Learning English - Homei. The English and Greek Alphabets Are Semitic-Israelite Alphabets - Yehweh Not YahwehContents Part I: The Father's Name Is Best Transcribed into Modern English as Yehweh - Not Yahweh a. Euro Ancient Hebrew: Ancient Hebrew Was More Like English and Greek - than Jewish Hebrew, Syriac Aramaic and Arabic ☛ i. Alphabet Comparisons The Modern Jewish Hebrew alphabet does not give us the best indication of the pronunciation of the Ancient Hebrew alphabet. The English Alphabet Evolved from the Ancient Hebrew Alphabet The English alphabet is just as, if not, more, "Hebrew" than the Modern Jewish Hebrew alphabet. The English/Latin alphabet: came from the Etruscan alphabet, which came from the Paleo Greek alphabet which came from the Phoenician alphabet, which came from the Paleo Hebrew alphabet, which came from the Ancient Hebrew alphabet. The Evolution of the English Alphabet Chart by Jane E Lythgoe (nee Marchant) shows how over the last 4000 years the English alphabet along with at least 13 other major alphabets has evolved (or rather mutated) out of the Ancient Hebrew alphabet. ii.
ManuscriptCultural background The traditional abbreviations are MS for manuscript and MSS for manuscripts, while the forms MS., ms or ms. for singular, and MSS., mss or mss. for plural (with or without the full stop, all uppercase or all lowercase) are also accepted. The second s is not simply the plural; by an old convention, it doubles the last letter of the abbreviation to express the plural, just as pp. means "pages". Before the invention of woodblock printing in China or by moveable type in a printing press in Europe, all written documents had to be both produced and reproduced by hand. Historically, manuscripts were produced in form of scrolls (volume in Latin) or books (codex, plural codices). Manuscripts were produced on vellum and other parchment, on papyrus, and on paper. When Greek or Latin works were published, numerous professional copies were made simultaneously by scribes in a scriptorium, each making a single copy from an original that was declaimed aloud.
Uncial scriptThe Book of Kells, c. AD 800, is lettered in a script known as "insular majuscule", a variety of uncial script that originated in Ireland. Development Simplified relationship between various scripts, showing the development of Uncial from Roman and the Greek Uncial. Forms In general, there are some common features of uncial script: In later uncial scripts, the letters are sometimes drawn haphazardly; for example, double-l runs together at the baseline, bows (for example in b, p, r) do not entirely curve in to touch their stems, and the script is generally not written as cleanly as previously. National styles Due to its extremely widespread use, in Byzantine, African, Italian, French, Spanish, and "insular" (Irish and English) centres, there were many slightly different styles in use: African (i.e. Origin of the word Calligraphic writing of the word "Unziale" in a modern uncial hand There is some doubt about the original meaning of the word. Other uses Forms