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Tomales Bay Institute: The Commons Rising (PDF) | fírgoa Tomales Bay Institute: The Commons Rising (PDF) From public schools and universities to public lands and other natural resources, from the media with their broadcast and digital spectrums to scientific discovery and medical breakthroughs, a broad range of the American commons is shifting from public responsibility to private exploitation. — Bill Moyers The idea of the free market has become so widespread it’s hard to remember when public stadiums weren’t named for private corporations. But evidence is mounting—from catastrophic climate disruption to unprecedented disparities in wealth—that our present corporate-dominated economic system is leading to ecological and social disaster. There must be an alternative. In fact, there is an alternative, and it’s on the rise.

Business The etymology of "business" stems from the idea of being busy, and implies socially valuable and rewarding work. A business can mean a particular organization or a more generalized usage refers to an entire market sector, i.e. "the music business". Compound forms such as agribusiness represent subsets of the word's broader meaning, which encompasses all the activity by all the suppliers of goods and services. Basic forms of business ownership[edit] Forms of business ownership vary by jurisdiction, but several common forms exist: Classifications[edit] Management[edit] The efficient and effective operation of a business, and study of this subject, is called management. Owners may administer their businesses themselves, or employ of managers to do this for them. Restructuring state enterprises[edit] In recent decades, various states modeled some of their assets and enterprises after business enterprises. Organization and government regulation[edit] Commercial law[edit] Capital[edit]

IASC COMMONS (iasc_commons) Socioeconomics Socioeconomics (also known as socio-economics or social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes. In general it analyzes how societies progress, stagnate, or regress because of their local or regional economy, or the global economy. Overview[edit] Socioeconomics is sometimes used as an umbrella term with different usages. The term 'Social economics' may refer broadly to the "use of economics in the study of society For example, the Governor of Washington, Paul Doran, announced the effects of socioeconomics. In many cases, socioeconomists focus on the social impact of some sort of economic change. The goal of socioeconomic study is generally to bring about socioeconomic development, usually by improvements in metrics such as GDP, life expectancy, literacy, levels of employment, etc. See also[edit] Notes[edit] Jump up ^ John Eatwell, Murray Milgate, and Peter Newman, [1987] 1989. References[edit] Gustav Cassel, [1931] 1932.

Digital Library Of The Commons Digital Library of the Commons hidden Image DatabaseExport Citations Menu: Search the DLC Advanced Search Browse the DLC My Account Commons Links DLC Home Digital Library Of The Commons Repository The Digital Library of the Commons (DLC) is a gateway to the international literature on the commons. Submit an Item DLC is a collaborative project of the: Generous funding has also been provided by the: About The Commons Feedback - Tell us about your user experience Select a Document Type Vincent and Elinor Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis | 513 N.

Soft Drink Industry Structure The illusion of diversity: visualizing ownership in the soft drink industryPhil Howard,1 Chris Duvall2 and Kirk Goldsberry3August, 2010 BackgroundThree firms control 89% of US soft drink sales [1]. This dominance is obscured from us by the appearance of numerous choices on retailer shelves. Steve Hannaford refers to this as "pseudovariety," or the illusion of diversity, concealing a lack of real choice [2]. To visualize the extent of pseudovariety in this industry we developed a cluster diagram to represent the number of soft drink brands and varieties found in the refrigerator cases of 94 Michigan retailers, along with their ownership and/or licensing connections. Click for zoom.it (scroll in and out) version or extra large versionPDF version of Soft Drink Industry Structure, 2008 ResultsWe recorded 993 varieties of soft drinks. The most successful competitors in these new categories may eventually be bought out. Coca-Cola’s 25 brands and 133 varieties Pepsi’s 17 brands and 161 varieties

La fin programmée de la civilisation du gâchis. Réflection faite. De quoi est fait notre avenir? Quel avenir pour notre civilisation? Dates d'puisement des ressources naturelles de notre planète. Nous vivons depuis longtemps sur la Terre, une accueillante petite planète d'un système stellaire parmi des milliards de milliards d'autres. Dans un univers qui vient de rien (on parle de fluctuation du vide) et qui a explosé il y a 13,7 milliards d'années, d'après notre dernière datation. Nous en avons conscience et nous nous posons des questions essentielles. Qu'est-ce que la vie ? Est-elle extrêmement répandue dans notre galaxie et dans les cent milliards d'autres, répondant à des lois chimiques universelles ou bien est-ce un phénomène rarissime au point que la Terre soit finalement une exception dans l'univers, l'héritière d'une somme incalculable de hasards tous aussi improbables les uns que les autres ? Tout irait bien dans le meilleur des mondes possibles si nous ne faisions pas les terribles observations suivantes : L'espèce dominante, Homo sapiens, a vaincu toutes les étapes de l'adaptation à toutes sortes de milieux souvent hostiles. 9 milliards d'habitants prévus en 2050.

Remix culture Remix culture, sometimes read-write culture, is a society that allows and encourages derivative works by combining or editing existing materials to produce a new creative work or product.[2][3] A remix culture would be, by default, permissive of efforts to improve upon, change, integrate, or otherwise remix the work of copyright holders. While a common practice of artists of all domains throughout human history,[4] the growth of exclusive copyright restrictions in the last several decades limits this practice more and more by the legal chilling effect.[5] As reaction Harvard law professor Lawrence Lessig, who considers remixing a desirable concept for human creativity, works since the early 2000s[6][7] on a transfer of the remixing concept into the digital age. Lessig founded the Creative Commons in 2001 which released Licenses as tools to enable remix culture again, as remixing is legally prevented by the default exclusive copyright regime applied currently on intellectual property.

Ressource non renouvelable Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Une ressource naturelle est qualifiée de non renouvelable ou épuisable lorsque sa vitesse de destruction dépasse, largement ou non, sa vitesse de création. Ainsi un sol se forme en quelques siècles à plusieurs millénaires suivant les conditions chimiques, physiques et biologiques et est actuellement détruit dans certaines régions en quelques dizaines d'années, voire quelques années. On parle au contraire de ressource renouvelable lorsque leur production est possible sur un temps court (production animale, végétale, etc.) et ne consomme pas elle même une ressource non renouvelable, ou lorsque la ressource n'est pas détruite par l'usage (énergie marémotrice, énergie éolienne, énergie solaire). Modèles économiques[modifier | modifier le code] mplpmLa prise de conscience du caractère non renouvelable de certaines ressources est relativement récente. Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Situation actuelle[modifier | modifier le code]

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