Roman Mythology There are therefore many similarities between Roman mythology and Greek mythology: only the names change. This practise is called syncretism which means the blending, or fusion, of religious beliefs, myths and practices to form a new religious system. See the following links for more information on the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman mythology and religion: Roman Religion Greek and Roman Gods Greek and Roman Religion Roman Gods Family Tree Roman Mythology: Glossary of Terms The Roman Mythology Glossary of Terms provides information and definitions regarding people and events who feature in Roman mythology. Glossary of Terms relating to Roman Mythology A (Roman Mythology) Abundantia: Goddess of Abundance and Prosperity aesculapius: God of Health and Medicine Ambrosia: Their food of the gods Androcles: In Roman mythology, Androcles was a Roman slave who took a thorn from the paw of a lion. B (Roman Mythology) Bacchus: God of Wine Bubona: Goddess of cattle
Encyclopedia Mythica: mythology, folklore, and religion. Roman mythology Roman mythology is the body of traditional stories pertaining to ancient Rome's legendary origins and religious system, as represented in the literature and visual arts of the Romans. "Roman mythology" may also refer to the modern study of these representations, and to the subject matter as represented in the literature and art of other cultures in any period. The Romans usually treated their traditional narratives as historical, even when these have miraculous or supernatural elements. The stories are often concerned with politics and morality, and how an individual's personal integrity relates to his or her responsibility to the community or Roman state. Heroism is an important theme. The study of Roman religion and myth is complicated by the early influence of Greek religion on the Italian peninsula during Rome's protohistory, and by the later artistic imitation of Greek literary models by Roman authors. The nature of Roman myth Founding myths Other myths
Hindu mythology Hindu mythology is a large body of traditional narratives related to Hinduism as contained in Sanskrit literature (such as the epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, the Puranas, and the Vedas), Ancient Tamil literature (such as the Sangam literature and Periya Puranam), several other works, most notably the Bhagavata Purana, claiming the status of a Fifth Veda and other religious regional literature of South Asia. As such, it is a subset of Indian and Nepali culture. Rather than one consistent, monolithic structure, it is a range of diverse traditions, developed by different sects, people and philosophical schools, in different regions and at different times, which are not necessarily held by all Hindus to be literal accounts of historical events, but are taken to have deeper, often symbolic, meaning, and which have been given a complex range of interpretations. Sources Vedas Itihasa and Puranas The epics themselves are set in different Yugas, or periods of time.
Greek mythology Greek mythology is explicitly embodied in a large collection of narratives, and implicitly in Greek representational arts, such as vase-paintings and votive gifts. Greek myth attempts to explain the origins of the world, and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and mythological creatures. These accounts initially were disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition; today the Greek myths are known primarily from Greek literature. Archaeological findings provide a principal source of detail about Greek mythology, with gods and heroes featured prominently in the decoration of many artifacts. Geometric designs on pottery of the eighth century BC depict scenes from the Trojan cycle as well as the adventures of Heracles. Sources Literary sources The poetry of the Hellenistic and Roman ages was primarily composed as a literary rather than cultic exercise. Archaeological sources Survey of mythic history Origins of the world and the gods
The Mystery of the Ancient Roman Tunnel to Hell There is a place on the northern shore of the Bay of Naples that has long been steeped in history, mystery, myth, and magic. Known as the Phlegræan Fields, it is a desolate place; a barren wasteland strewn with rubble and intersected by deep underground vents that belch out choking fumes and fire. Legends and strange phenomena cling to this hellish, smoke-wreathed landscape, so it is perhaps no wonder that these fields are a location believed since ancient times to hold a tunnel that leads to Hell itself. The Phlegræan Fields is a plateau that is part of an ancient volcanic caldera not far from Mt. Vesuvius, the volcano known for laying waste to the once great city of Pompeii. The heavily volcanic area, which is pitted with steaming vents, sulphur spewing crevasses, and even flaming holes in the ground, was well-known in Greek and Roman myth and is heavily associated with stories of magic and prophecy. A volcanic vent on the Phlegræan Fields The Cumæan sibyl with her prophetic scrolls.
History of the Trojan War The Trojan War The Apple of Discord The Trojan War has its roots in the marriage between Peleus and Thetis, a sea-goddess. Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite each reached for the apple. Hermes went to Paris, and Paris agreed to act as the judge. Paris chose Aphrodite, and she promised him that Helen, wife of Menelaus, would be his wife. In Sparta, Menelaus, husband of Helen, treated Paris as a royal guest. In Troy, Helen and Paris were married. Greek Armament Menelaus, however, was outraged to find that Paris had taken Helen. Many of the suitors did not wish to go to war. One of the most interesting stories is of Cinyras, king of Paphos, in Cyprus, who had been a suitor of Helen. The Greek fleet assembled, under Agamemnon's inspection, in Aulis. The seer Calchas proclaimed that Iphigenia, daughter of Agamemnon, must be sacrificed before the fleet could set sail. Finding Troy Finding Troy proved difficult, however, and the Greek fleet at first landed in Mysia. Embassy to Priam The War After the War
Olympian Gods of Greek Mythology THEOI.COM The Olympian gods ("Theoi Olympioi") presided over ever facet of ancient life and were often grouped according to their common functions. THE THEOI AGORAIOI were the gods of the "agora" (the marketplace and people's assembly). Zeus, as the god of kings and princes, presided over the the assembly, alongside Athena, as goddess of wise counsel, Dike (Justice), Themis (Custom) and Calliope (Eloquence). The gods of the marketplace, on the other hand, were led by Hermes, the god of commerce, along with Hephaestus and Athena, the patron gods of artisans : weavers, potters, metalworkers, sculptors, etc. Apollo was another god of the marketplace. THE THEOI DAITIOI were the gods of feasts and banquets. THE THEOI GAMELIOI were the gods of marriage. THE THEOI GEORGIKOI were the gods of agriculture. THE THEOI GYMNASTIKOI were the gods of the gymnasium, athletics and the Games. THE THEOI HALIOI were the gods of the sea led by King Poseidon. THE THEOI IATRIKOI were the gods of medicine and healing.
These Were the Gods of Atlantis The majority of researchers who dedicate their time to the mystery of Atlantis come to conclude that... The majority of researchers who dedicate their time to the mystery of Atlantis come to conclude that the kings and masters of Atlantis were the later gods of antiquity in Egypt, Greece, America and northern Europe. This conclusion is based on the assertion that the primeval tribes were so filled with amazement at the abilities of the Atlantean refugees that they regarded and accepted them as divinity. In Greek mythology, Zeus was the godfather of the third celestial dynasty and the son of Cronus and Rhea. The Romans referred to him as Jupiter. He was the supreme ruler of Mount Olympus but couldn’t influence fate. Zeus was head of the twelve Olympic gods, dividing the world among himself and his brothers Hades and Poseidon. Zeus was married to Hera who was mad at Zeus because of his numerous love-affairs, some of which brought forth children, among them Heracles (Hercules) and Athena.
DELPHI: The Oracle at Delphi The Oracle at Delphi The oracle at Delphi is a figure of great historical importance that was, and still is, shrouded in mystery. She spoke for the god Apollo and answered questions for the Greeks and foreign inquirers about colonization, religion, and power. By her statements Delphi was made a wealthy and powerful city-state. The oracle was at the height of power around 1600 B.C. when Greece was colonizing the Mediterranean and Black Seas (Hale), but was stationed in Delphi from 1400 B.C. to 381 A.D.(Roach). The Delphic Orcle. The history of an oracle at Delphi existed long before Apollo came there. According to myth there were five temples to Apollo, only two of the five exist in historic record. Inquiries could only be made of Apollo once a year on the seventh day of the Greek month of Bysios-Apollo’s birthday. Often the Pythia was asked about colonization. Before the Pythia could be questioned she had to ritually prepare herself. Any type of woman could be chosen to be an oracle.
Aether (mythology) In Greek mythology, Aether or Aither (Æthere, Ancient Greek: Αἰθήρ, pronounced [aitʰɛ̌ːr]), also known as Akmon or Acmon in Latin (possibly from the same route as "Acme") is one of the primordial deities, the first-born elementals. Aether is the personification of the upper air. He embodies the pure upper air that the gods breathe, as opposed to the normal air (ἀήρ, aer) breathed by mortals. Like Tartarus and Erebus, Aether may have had shrines in ancient Greece, but he had no temples and it is unlikely that he had a cult. Hyginus ... started his Fabulae with a strange hodgepodge of Greek and Roman cosmogonies and early genealogies. It begins as follows: Ex Caligine Chaos. The fifth Orphic hymn to Aether describes the substance as "the high-reigning, ever indestructible power of Zeus," "the best element," and "the life-spark of all creatures The Theoi Project, "AITHER"
Greek Mythology, a World of Mystery and Imagination