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Aloe vera

Aloe vera
Aloe vera (/ˈæloʊiː/ or /ˈæloʊ/) is a succulent plant species. The species is frequently cited as being used in herbal medicine since the beginning of the first century AD. Extracts from A. vera are widely used in the cosmetics and alternative medicine industries, being marketed as variously having rejuvenating, healing, or soothing properties. There is, however, little scientific evidence of the effectiveness or safety of Aloe vera extracts for either cosmetic or medicinal purposes, and what positive evidence is available is frequently contradicted by other studies.[3][4][5][6] Description[edit] Aloe vera leaves contain phytochemicals under study for possible bioactivity, such as acetylated mannans, polymannans, anthraquinone C-glycosides, anthrones, anthraquinones, such as emodin, and various lectins.[5][10][11] Taxonomy and etymology[edit] Spotted forms of Aloe vera are sometimes known as Aloe vera var. chinensis Distribution[edit] Cultivation[edit] Uses[edit] Traditional medicine[edit] Related:  Aloe VeraPlants

Arbuscular mycorrhiza It has been said that it is quicker to list the plants that do not form mycorrhizae than those that do.[2] This symbiosis is a highly evolved mutualistic relationship found between fungi and plants, the most prevalent plant symbiosis known,[3] and AM is found in 80% of vascular plant families in existence today.[4] The tremendous advances in research on mycorrhizal physiology and ecology over the past 40 years have led to a greater understanding of the multiple roles of AMF in the ecosystem. This knowledge is applicable to human endeavors of ecosystem management, ecosystem restoration, and agriculture. Flax root cortical cells containing paired arbuscules Evolution of mycorrhizal symbiosis[edit] Paleobiology[edit] Both paleobiological and molecular evidence indicate that AM is an ancient symbiosis that originated at least 460 million years ago. The Early Devonian saw the development of terrestrial flora. Molecular evidence[edit] Physiology[edit] Presymbiosis[edit] Symbiosis[edit] Ecology[edit]

Sansevieria Etymology[edit] The genus was originally named Sanseverinia by Petagna to honor his patron Pietro Antonio Sanseverino, Count of Chiaromonte (1724-1771), but the name was altered for unknown reasons by Thunberg, possibly influenced by the name of Raimondo di Sangro (1710–1771), prince of San Severo in Italy. Spellings "Sanseveria" and "Sanseviera" are commonly seen as well, the confusion deriving from alternate spellings of the Italian place name. Characteristics[edit] There is great variation within the genus, and species range from succulent desert plants such as Sansevieria pinguicula to thinner leafed tropical plants such as Sansevieria trifasciata. Foliage[edit] The leaves of Sansevieria are typically arranged in a rosette around the growing point, although some species are distichous. Flowers[edit] The flowers are usually greenish-white, also rose, lilac-red, brownish, produced on a simple or branched raceme. Uses[edit] Rope and traditional uses[edit] Ornamental purposes[edit]

Echte Aloe Echte Aloe (Aloe vera), Habitus Früchte und Samen von Aloe vera Beschreibung[Bearbeiten] Vegetative Merkmale[Bearbeiten] Blütenstände und Blüten[Bearbeiten] Genetik[Bearbeiten] Die Chromosomenzahl beträgt 2n = 14. Systematik und Verbreitung[Bearbeiten] Die ursprüngliche Heimat von Aloe vera liegt möglicherweise auf der arabischen Halbinsel.[2] Kultiviert wird sie in allen subtropischen und tropischen Regionen der Welt. Verwendung[Bearbeiten] „Curaçao-Aloe“[Bearbeiten] Das in der Aloe enthaltene Aloin wirkt stark abführend, weswegen standardisierte Aloe bzw. deren Zubereitungen zur kurzfristigen Behandlung gelegentlich auftretender Verstopfung verwendet werden kann. Aloe-vera-Gel[Bearbeiten] Ein weiteres von der Echten Aloe stammendes Produkt ist das „Aloe-vera-Gel“, das aus dem Wasserspeichergewebe der Blätter gewonnen wird.[10] Durch den Gehalt an hauptsächlich aus D-Glucose und D-Mannose aufgebauten Polysacchariden weist es eine schleimartige Konsistenz auf. Belege[Bearbeiten]

Glomalin Glomalin is a glycoprotein produced abundantly on hyphae and spores of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in soil and in roots. Glomalin was discovered in 1996 by Sara F. Wright, a scientist at the USDA Agricultural Research Service.[1] The name comes from Glomales, an order of fungi.[2] Discovery[edit] Glomalin eluded detection until 1992 because, “It requires an unusual effort to dislodge glomalin for study: a bath in citrate combined with heating at 250 F (121 C) for at least an hour.... Description[edit] The specific protein glomalin has not yet been isolated and described.[4] However, glomalin-related soil proteins (GRSP) have been identified using a monoclonal antibody (Mab32B11) raised against crushed AMF spores. The discoverer of glomalin, Sara Wright, thinks the “glomalin molecule is a clump of small glycoproteins with iron and other ions attached... glomalin contains form 1 to 9% tightly bound iron.... Effects[edit] See also[edit] References[edit]

Aloe Vera : Science and Safety On this page: Sources Introduction This fact sheet provides basic information about aloe vera—common names, what the science says, potential side effects and cautions, and resources for more information. Aloe vera’s use can be traced back 6,000 years to early Egypt, where the plant was depicted on stone carvings. Historically, aloe was used topically to heal wounds and for various skin conditions, and orally as a laxative. Aloe leaves contain a clear gel that is often used as a topical ointment. Top What the Science Says Aloe latex contains strong laxative compounds. Side Effects and Cautions Use of topical aloe vera is not associated with significant side effects.A 2-year National Toxicology Program (NTP) study on oral consumption of non-decolorized whole leaf extract of aloe vera found clear evidence of carcinogenic activity in male and female rats, based on tumors of the large intestine. Search the scientific literature for potential herb-drug interactions

Aloe vera Aloe vera Herbal Farming in Chhattisgarh: Aloe vera [edit] Familia: Xanthorrhoeaceae Genus: Aloe Species: Aloe vera Bulleted list * List item List item List item List item Numbered list # List item List item List item List item Name[edit] Aloe vera (L.) Type-protologue: India: without data. Synonyms[edit] BasionymAloe perfoliata var. vera L., Sp. References[edit] Burman, N.L. 1768. Vernacular names[edit] Bahasa Indonesia: Lidah buayaespañol: Sabilagalego: Áloe veralatviešu: Īstā alvejasuomi: LääkeaaloeTürkçe: Tıbbi sarısabır中文: 庫拉索蘆薈

Hypha Fungal Hyphae Cells 1- Hyphal wall 2- Septum 3- Mitochondrion 4- Vacuole 5- Ergosterol crystal 6- Ribosome 7- Nucleus 8- Endoplasmic reticulum 9- Lipid body 10- Plasma membrane 11- Spitzenkörper 12- Golgi apparatus A hypha (plural hyphae) is a long, branching filamentous structure of a fungus, and also of unrelated Actinobacteria.[1] In most fungi, hyphae are the main mode of vegetative growth, and are collectively called a mycelium; yeasts are unicellular fungi that do not grow as hyphae. Etymology[edit] The word Hypha is derived from Greek 'huphe', meaning web. Structure[edit] Growth[edit] As a hypha extends, septa may be formed behind the growing tip to partition each hypha into individual cells. Behaviour[edit] The direction of hyphal growth can be controlled by environmental stimuli, such as the application of an electric field. Modifications[edit] Types[edit] Classification based on cell division[edit] Classification based on cell wall and overall form[edit] References[edit] See also[edit]

Monstera deliciosa Monstera deliciosa is a species of flowering plant native to tropical rainforests of southern Mexico, south to Colombia.[1] It has been introduced to many tropical areas, and has become a mildly invasive species in Hawaii. Names[edit] The specific epithet deliciosa means "delicious", referring to the edible fruit. Common names include ceriman, Swiss cheese plant (or just cheese plant), fruit salad plant, monster fruit, monsterio delicio, monstereo, Mexican breadfruit, locust and wild honey, windowleaf, balazo, and Penglai banana.[2] Description[edit] Wild seedlings grow towards the darkest area they can find until they find a tree trunk, then start to grow up towards the light, creeping up the tree.[4] Cultivation[edit] The plant is commonly grown for interior decoration in public buildings and as a houseplant. This species[5] and the cultivar 'Variegata'[6] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Fruit[edit] Other uses[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

Aloe Vera Please share this page: Google + StumbleUpon Reddit Names of Aloe Vera, past and present Chinese: lu hui / hsiang-danSanskrit: chritkumari / kumariIndian ghee-kunwar / ghi-kuvar / ghrita-kumariFrench: aloes du cap / aloes vrai / aloes vulgaire plante de l’immortaliteSpanish penca sabila / sabila / acibarFilipino: sabila / sabila pinya / dilang-buaya / dilang halo / aloe vera (adopted)English:: burn plant / aloe vera / miracle plant / plant of immortalityLatin(scientific nomenclature): Aloe barbadensis / Aloe vulgaris Background and History The aloe vera plant is among the most well-known of medicinal plants due to its strong and constant presence in the world of alternative medicine. Aloe vera is typically characterized by its unique appearance which features tall, blade-like growths that radiate outward and grow from a central axis so that it forms a ‘crown-like’ shape. Common / Popular Uses Aloe vera Scientific Studies and Research Molecular Components and Chemistry Esoteric / Magickal Uses

Aloe Succulent plants, such as this aloe, store water in their enlarged fleshy leaves, stems, or roots, as shown in this split aloe leaf. This allows them to survive in arid environments. Aloe /ˈæloʊiː/ or /ˈæloʊ/, also written Aloë, is a genus containing over 500 species of flowering succulent plants.[2] The most widely known species is Aloe vera, or "true aloe", so called because, though probably extinct in the wild, it is cultivated as the standard source of so-called "aloe vera" for assorted pharmaceutical purposes.[3] Other species, such as Aloe ferox, also are cultivated or harvested from the wild for similar applications. The genus is native to Africa; species are found in southern Africa, the mountains of tropical Africa, various islands off the coast of Africa including Sardinia, Madagascar, and the Arabian Peninsula. The genus is native to tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, and Jordan to the Arabian Peninsula.[1] Description[edit] Systematics[edit] Species[edit] Uses[edit]

Mimosa pudica Mimosa pudica (from Latin: pudica "shy, bashful or shrinking"; also called sensitive plant, sleepy plant and the touch-me-not), is a creeping annual or perennial herb often grown for its curiosity value: the compound leaves fold inward and droop when touched or shaken, to protect them from predators, re-opening minutes later. The species is native to South America and Central America, but is now a pantropical weed. It grows mostly in shady areas, under trees or shrubs. Description[edit] Flower Mimosa pudica folding leaflets inward. Mimosa pudica seeds Mimosa pudica with mature seed pods on plant The stem is erect in young plants, but becomes creeping or trailing with age. Plant movement[edit] Video clip showing leaves closing after being touched Mimosa pudica is well known for its rapid plant movement. Taxonomy and nomenclature[edit] Common names[edit] The species is known by numerous common names including In South Asia many unrelated names are also common. Distribution[edit] Cultivation[edit]

Top 10 Amazing Plants | Super Tight Stuff After millions of years of evolution and development, an enormous number of different plant variations have been created. Of all the plants that have ever lived most are long since extinct, but still around a third of a million plant species are estimated to be surviving today. Evolution has created some particularly strange and tight examples, and here is STS’ attempt to compile a list of those that we find to be the most interesting. 10. Nepenthes is a genus of carniverous plant that encompasses over 120 species, native to Indonesia, the Phillipines, and South-East Asia. 9. The Sensitive Plant is native to Central and South America, and gets it name because its leaflets fold in and droop when they are touched. 8. If you are pale and have ever been to Hawaii or Mexico, then you owe a lot to this plant. 7. This flower was discovered in 1822 during a jungle expedition in Sumatra, and is considered to be the largest flower in the world. 6. 5. 4. 3. 2. 1. off of

Aloin Aloin, also known as Barbaloin,[1] is a bitter, yellow-brown colored compound noted in the exudate of at least 68 Aloe species at levels from 0.1 to 6.6% of leaf dry weight (making between 3% and 35% of the total exudate) (Groom & Reynolds, 1987), and in another 17 species at indeterminate levels [Reynolds, 1995b]. It is used as a stimulant-laxative, treating constipation by inducing bowel movements.[2] The compound is present in what is commonly referred to as the aloe latex that exudes from cells adjacent to the vascular bundles, found under the rind of the leaf and in between it and the gel. When dried, it has been used as a bittering agent in commerce (alcoholic beverages) [21 CFR 172.510. Scientific names given include Aloe perryi, A. barbadensis (= A. vera), A. ferox, and hybrids of A. ferox with A. africana and A. spicata.]. Structure and preparation[edit] Effects[edit] Legal status[edit] References[edit] External links[edit] Aloin MSDS