InBrief: The Science of Early Childhood Development (Video) Search InBrief: The Science of Early Childhood Development This edition of the InBrief series addresses basic concepts of early childhood development, established over decades of neuroscience and behavioral research, which help illustrate why child development—particularly from birth to five years—is a foundation for a prosperous and sustainable society. View this video en Español >> Download PDF version of this InBrief >> More from the InBrief series >> InBrief: Executive Function: Skills for Life and Learning InBrief: The Foundations of Lifelong Health InBrief: The Impact of Early Adversity InBrief: Early Childhood Program Effectiveness View more videos >> Major support for the InBrief videos has been provided by: the Birth to Five Policy Alliance, the Buffett Early Childhood Fund, the Norlien Foundation, and Susan Fales-Hill. Sign up to receive the Center's e-mail newsletter and other announcements >> Subscribe to the Center's RSS feed for news and announcements >>
Using Humor to Deal With Setbacks By Rick Nauert PhD Senior News Editor Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on July 15, 2011 A new study finds that positive reframing — looking at a thing in a different light — and perhaps laughing about life’s daily small setbacks is an effective way to feel satisfied at the end of the day. Researchers used a diary study to review the strategies people use to deal with the small setbacks and failures that we all experience on a daily basis. In the study, 149 students completed daily diary reports for 3 to 14 days, reporting the most bothersome failure they experienced during the day, what strategies they used to cope with the failure, and how satisfied they felt at the end of the day. Students used a variety of coping strategies including emotional or instrumental support; self-distraction; denial; religion; venting; substance use; self-blame; and behavioral disengagement. This strategy helped students deal with failures and feel satisfied at the end of the day. Psychologists Drs.
PDQ Blog An inside look at some of the top teacher prep programs Today NCTQ released its Teacher Prep Review, which takes a close look at the quality of training provided by 2,420 teacher preparation programs across the country. Our results show that most have a long way to go to get teachers classroom ready from day one. But there are some programs that stand out. It's programs like these that aspiring teachers should strongly think about applying to and that districts should look to recruit from. Lipscomb University (Tennessee)Strengths: Undergraduate secondary overall (4/4 stars) Ohio State University Strengths: Graduate secondary overall (4/4 stars), graduate elementary overall (3.5/4 stars) Lousiana State University Strengths: Common Core elementary mathematics (4/4 stars) and selection criteria (4/4 stars) for undergraduate elementary Arizona State University Morgan State University — Ginger Moored
Positive reframing, acceptance and humor are the most effective coping strategies New research from the University of Kent has revealed that positive reframing, acceptance and humour are the most effective coping strategies for people dealing with failures. In a paper published by the international journal Anxiety, Stress & Coping, Dr Joachim Stoeber and Dr Dirk Janssen from the University's School of Psychology describe a diary study that found these three strategies to be most effective in dealing with small failures and setbacks, and helping people to keep up their spirits and feel satisfied at the end of the day. For the study, a sample of 149 students completed daily diary reports for 3 -- 14 days, reporting the most bothersome failure they experienced during the day, what strategies they used to cope with the failure, and how satisfied they felt at the end of the day. Their coping strategies included: using emotional or instrumental support; self-distraction; denial; religion; venting; substance use; self-blame; and behavioural disengagement.
What Do Babies Think? Part 3 of the TED Radio Hour episode Unstoppable Learning. About Alison Gopnik's TEDTalk Alison Gopnik's research explores the sophisticated intelligence-gathering and decision-making that babies are doing when they play. About Alison Gopnik What's it really like to see through the eyes of a child? On the contrary, argues Alison Gopnik, professor of psychology and philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley. Why does failure inspire some and demoralize others? Stanford Magazine reports on the applications from psychological research Carol Dweck's work, which uses careful experiments to determine why some people give up when confronted with failure, while others roll up their sleeves and dive in. Through a series of exercises, the experimenters trained half the students to chalk up their errors to insufficient effort, and encouraged them to keep going. Those children learned to persist in the face of failure–and to succeed. The control group showed no improvement at all, continuing to fall apart quickly and to recover slowly. These findings, says Dweck, “really supported the idea that the attributions were a key ingredient driving the helpless and mastery-oriented patterns.” The Effort Effect, Carol Dweck's book, "Mindset: The New Psychology of Success" (Thanks, Dad!)
Mapping Brain Connectivity The new field of “connectomics” aims to show how brains behave at a level not previously possible—examining how entire brains are wired together, how wiring changes as brains grow up, and how interactions with the external world affect this wiring. The Lichtman Lab at Harvard University, a partner in the Conte Center at Harvard, pioneered tools to potentially map every connection in a complete brain and has started to map the connectome in mouse brains. In this narrated, 15-minute multimedia presentation, postdoctoral fellow Bobby Kasthuri shares some of the results and insights from his work at the Lichtman Lab, using images and videos that show three-dimensional recreations of actual neural connections in the brain. He also discusses the future direction of this work in helping to understand how early adverse experiences affect connectivity. Internship Opportunity
Perfectionism and coping with daily failures: Positive reframing helps achieve satisfaction at the end of the day - Kent Academic Repository Stoeber, J. and Janssen, D.P. (2011) Perfectionism and coping with daily failures: Positive reframing helps achieve satisfaction at the end of the day. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 24 (5). pp. 477-497. (Full text available) Differentiating perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns, the present study examined how perfectionism predicts what coping strategies people use when dealing with failures, and how perfectionism and coping influence people’s satisfaction. A sample of 149 students completed daily reports for 3 to 14 days reporting the most bothersome failure they experienced during the day, what strategies they used to cope with the failure, and how satisfied they felt at the end of the day.
Math Play Research Research Clips The Relationship of Teacher-Child Interactions in Preschool Play to Young Children's Mathematical Abilities View a transcript of this video. Want to view this video on an iPod or iPad? Math ability in preschool is one of the best predictors of later school success--research suggests it is a better predictor than early literacy skills. This study was funded in part by the Spencer Foundation. Research credits Principal Investigators: Dr. Student Research Assistants: Christina Cammisa, Claire Fryer, Tasia Supino, Eliza Welling, Jenny Wolff, Kelly Zimmermann Video production credits Producer: Julia DeLapp Production Coordinator: Ken Measimer Production Consultant: Dr. Videographer/Editor: Sean Leser (Eastern student) Production Assistant: Amy Dillon (Eastern student) Other video resources
Experiences Build Brain Architecture The basic architecture of the brain is constructed through a process that begins early in life and continues into adulthood. Simpler circuits come first and more complex brain circuits build on them later. Genes provide the basic blueprint, but experiences influence how or whether genes are expressed. This video is part one of a three-part series titled "Three Core Concepts in Early Development" from the Center and the National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. Also from the "Three Core Concepts in Early Development" Series Feminist Frequency Content Warning: This educational episode contains graphic sexual and violent game footage. In this episode we explore the Women as Background Decoration trope which is the subset of largely insignificant non-playable female characters whose sexuality or victimhood is exploited as a way to infuse edgy, gritty or racy flavoring into game worlds. These sexually objectified female bodies are designed to function as environmental texture while titillating presumed straight male players. Sometimes they're created to be glorified furniture but they are frequently programmed as minimally interactive sex objects to be used and abused. Full transcript, links and resources available at: ABOUT THE SERIESThe Tropes vs Women in Video Games project aims to examine the plot devices and patterns most often associated with female characters in gaming from a systemic, big picture perspective.
How to Show Kids You Care Over the years, Search Institute has sold more than six million copies of 150 Ways to Show Kids You Care, a simple yet powerful poster. Like all of Search Institute’s work, the poster translates scientific research into simple, actionable ways that adults can make a positive difference in young people’s lives. A Search Institute team recently visited the Woodson Kindergarten Center in Austin, Minnesota, where the students helped us re-imagine the ideas on the poster. If you could use a quick reminder of why caring for young people is always worth your time, click here to meet the kindergarteners: In 2014, Search Institute will release important new studies and tools that put research to work on behalf of kids. As a nonprofit organization, we need your support to continue our efforts to focus on building children’s strengths rather than dwelling on their deficits. Thank you for considering this opportunity to help Search Institute keep discovering what kids need to succeed!
Would You Let Your Baby Do This? Posted by janet on Nov 23rd, 2011 There’s a certain ubiquitous playground apparatus that has always given me the willies. Luckily, my children never seemed drawn to it. So when a mom from one of my RIE Parent/Infant Guidance Classes (in which we strongly advise and encourage natural gross motor development) sent me a video of her 15 month old skillfully mastering this piece of equipment, my response after blinking several times was you’ve got to be kidding. Hi Janet, I’ve missed being at your class but R. is really getting great at enjoying his independent play. Anyway, I know you know that R. has always been very into climbing. Have a great week! Note that this boy is not only physically fearless and able, he is also relaxed, focused, centered, aware and confident. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. “Every baby moves with more ease and efficiency if allowed to do it at his own time and in his own way, without our trying to teach him. “It turns out nature has a plan, and it’s a good one. Share and Enjoy