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Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, better known as Le Corbusier (French: [lə kɔʁbyzje]; October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930. His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout Europe, India, and America. Dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities, Le Corbusier was influential in urban planning, and was a founding member of the Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM). Early life and education, 1887–1914[edit] He was born as Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris in La Chaux-de-Fonds, a small city in Neuchâtel canton in north-western Switzerland, in the Jura mountains, just 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) across the border from France. Early career: The villas, 1914–30[edit] Pseudonym adopted, 1920[edit] Personal life[edit] Urbanism[edit] Related:  Courant de penséeMirailLe Corbusier

Georges Candilis Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Georges Candilis (en grec : Γεώργιος Κανδύλης/Yeóryos Kandýlis, Bakou, - Paris, ) est un architecte et urbaniste grec. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Il effectue des études d'architecture à l'école polytechnique d'Athènes de 1931 à 1936. Membre fondateur du collectif Team 10 en 1953, Candilis apporte comme contribution principale son idée de "l'habitat du plus grand nombre". Après la fin de l'ATBAT, Candilis et Woods s'installent en 1954 à Paris, où ils créent leur propre agence, en partenariat avec l'architecte yougoslave Alexis Josic. En 1965, il ouvre un atelier extérieur à l'École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts de Paris à la demande de ses étudiants, le groupe C. Lorsque le CIAM cesse d'exister, Candilis continue à organiser certaines réunions de la Team 10 : celles de Bagnols-sur-Cèze en 1960 et de Toulouse en 1971. En 1969, le partenariat avec Josic et Woods est rompu. Principales réalisations[modifier | modifier le code]

Mirail Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Le lac de la Reynerie au Mirail, vu des hauteurs du parc qui l'entoure. Le Mirail (de l'occitan miralh, « miroir ») est un ensemble composé de trois quartiers de Toulouse : du nord au sud, Mirail-Université, La Reynerie et Bellefontaine. Ils forment le quartier numéro 17 de la ville de Toulouse en Haute-Garonne. Les trois quartiers forment aussi le Canton de Toulouse-12. 67 % des logements de cet ensemble sont des logements sociaux. Situation[modifier | modifier le code] Position du quartier no 17 regroupant les quartiers du Mirail dans la ville de Toulouse Les quartiers du Mirail sont situés dans le sud-ouest de Toulouse, juste à l'extérieur du périphérique toulousain. Desserte[modifier | modifier le code] Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] La construction de Bellefontaine est une des premières étapes de la construction du Mirail. Projet architectural et construction[modifier | modifier le code] Un immeuble à Bellefontaine.

Bauhaus The Bauhaus Dessau Typography by Herbert Bayer above the entrance to the workshop block of the Bauhaus, Dessau, 2005 Staatliches Bauhaus , commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was an art school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught. It operated from 1919 to 1933. Bauhaus - literally "house of construction" - was understood as meaning "School of Building". The Bauhaus was first founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar. The school existed in three German cities: Weimar from 1919 to 1925, Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and Berlin from 1932 to 1933, under three different architect-directors: Walter Gropius from 1919 to 1928, Hannes Meyer from 1928 to 1930 and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe from 1930 until 1933, when the school was closed by its own leadership under pressure from the Nazi regime. The changes of venue and leadership resulted in a constant shifting of focus, technique, instructors, and politics. Weimar[edit]

Carlo Scarpa Castelvecchio, stairs by Carlo Scarpa Castelvecchio, by Carlo Scarpa Carlo Scarpa (June 2, 1906 – November 28, 1978), was an Italian architect, influenced by the materials, landscape, and the history of Venetian culture, and Japan.[1] Scarpa was also a glass and furniture designer of note. Biography[edit] Scarpa was born in Venice. However, Scarpa refused to sit the pro forma professional exam administrated by the Italian Government after World War II. His architecture is deeply sensitive to the changes of time, from seasons to history, rooted in a sensuous material imagination. One of his last projects, left incomplete at the time of his death, was recently altered (October 2006) by his son Tobia: the Villa Palazzetto in Monselice. In 1978, while in Sendai, Japan, Scarpa died after falling down a flight of concrete stairs. Notable works[edit] References[edit] Bibliography[edit] Francesco Dal Co; Giuseppe Mazzariol (2002). External links[edit]

Le Corbusier’s Modulor Man | Joe Blogs In the early 1990′s I went on a three week architectural driving tour of France and Northern Spain with two friends. The focus of the trip was visting buildings by Le Corbusier and we managed to visit Ronchamp, La Tourette and the Unité d’Habitation in Marseille. Whilst at the Unité, I took a photo of one of my friends standing against the Modulor man cast into the entrance area of the building. Sadly this photo appears to be lost to time, so I’ve taken the liberty of borrowing one from a rather fine set of images on Flickr and you’ll have to imagine Paul standing with his left arm in the air in the middle of this photo… The Modulor was a system of proportional measurement devised and developed by Le Corbusier throughout the 1940′s. His intention was to create (as summarised by Einstein) “a scale of proportions which makes the bad difficult and the good easy”. In the end, the system never caught on and has largely disappeared into the dusty oeuvre of Corbusier’s books and buildings. i

Georges Eugène Haussmann Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hausmann. Georges Eugène Haussmann Photographie d'Haussmann en 1860. Compléments À ce titre, il a dirigé les transformations de Paris sous le Second Empire en élaborant un vaste plan de rénovation, qui a donné lieu aux spéculations haussmanniennes à l'origine du krach de 1873. Enfance et carrière jusqu'au Second Empire[modifier | modifier le code] Né à Paris le au 55 rue du Faubourg-du-Roule, dans le quartier Beaujon, dans une maison qu'il n'hésita pas à faire démolir, il est le fils de Nicolas-Valentin Haussmann (1787-1876), protestant, commissaire des guerres et intendant militaire de Napoléon Ier et d'Ève-Marie-Henriette-Caroline Dentzel, fille du général et député de la Convention Georges Frédéric Dentzel, baron d'Empire, et le petit-fils de Nicolas Haussmann (1759-1847), député de l'Assemblée Législative et de la Convention, administrateur du département de la Seine-et-Oise, commissaire aux armées.

Cité radieuse de Marseille Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Réalisation[modifier | modifier le code] Pour la réalisation de cet immeuble de grande hauteur (IGH), Le Corbusier crée l'Atelier des Bâtisseurs (AtBat), qui regroupe des architectes et des ingénieurs, dirigé par l'ingénieur d'origine russe Vladimir Bodiansky. Les architectes André Wogenscky, Georges Candilis et Jacques Masson collaborent au chantier au sein de cette structure. Un grave incendie a eu lieu à la Cité Radieuse le 9 février 2012[8][9],[10]. Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Sortie de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, la France a besoin de se reconstruire. La Cité radieuse est finalement inaugurée en 1952, après cinq ans de travaux, malgré de nombreuses critiques politiques (le maire de Marseille, alors communiste[réf. nécessaire], s'oppose au gouvernement de Charles de Gaulle) et architecturales (ce « cube de béton » reste encore aujourd'hui critiqué). Principe architectural[modifier | modifier le code]

Wassily Kandinsky Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (/kænˈdɪnski/; Russian: Васи́лий Васи́льевич Канди́нский, Vasiliy Vasil’yevich Kandinskiy, pronounced [vaˈsʲilʲɪj kɐnˈdʲinskʲɪj]; 16 December [O.S. 4 December] 1866 – 13 December 1944) was an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with painting one of the first purely abstract works. Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. In 1896 Kandinsky settled in Munich, studying first at Anton Ažbe's private school and then at the Academy of Fine Arts. Artistic periods[edit] Kandinsky's creation of abstract work followed a long period of development and maturation of intense thought based on his artistic experiences. Youth and inspiration (1866–1896)[edit] Early-period work, Munich-Schwabing with the Church of St. [edit] Art school, usually considered difficult, was easy for Kandinsky. Murnau, Dorfstrasse (Street in Murnau, A Village Street), 1908 Art market[edit]

Walter Gropius Walter Adolph Georg Gropius (May 18, 1883 – July 5, 1969) was a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School,[1] who, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture. Early life[edit] Born in Berlin, Walter Gropius was the third child of Walter Adolph Gropius and Manon Auguste Pauline Scharnweber (1855-1933). Early career (1908–1914)[edit] Walter Gropius, like his father and his great-uncle Martin Gropius before him, became an architect. Gropius could not draw, and was dependent on collaborators and partner-interpreters throughout his career. In 1913, Gropius published an article about "The Development of Industrial Buildings," which included about a dozen photographs of factories and grain elevators in North America. Bauhaus period (1919–1932)[edit] Bauhaus (built 1925–1926) in Dessau, Germany Gropius's career advanced in the postwar period. Post Bauhaus (1933–1945)[edit] Death[edit]

Architexts - Buffer Zone A webcomic about architectural professionals About Buffer Zone:When you gotta go, you gotta go… but only if the coast is clear. –Maverick Modernisme catalan Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Le modernisme catalan est un mouvement artistique d'origine catalane inscrit dans la tendance de l'Art nouveau en Europe et dans la continuité de la renaissance catalane. Le modernisme catalan se développa principalement, en particulier dans les arts décoratifs (architecture et architecture d'intérieur), pendant un demi-siècle, entre 1880 et 1930. Il a été fortement soutenu par la bourgeoisie catalane cultivée qui, par son mécénat, voulait ainsi satisfaire son élan de modernité, exprimer son identité catalane et démontrer sa richesse et distinction. Origine[modifier | modifier le code] Le mouvement se profile à partir du refus de l’architecture industrielle de la première moitié du XIXe siècle. Caractéristiques[modifier | modifier le code] Les architectes et sculpteurs utilisent comme éléments décoratifs des représentations d'animaux et de végétaux, aussi bien pour les sculptures en bas ou haut-relief que dans les ornements.

Reynerie03 Art Deco Historian Bevis Hillier defined Art Deco as "an assertively modern style [that] ran to symmetry rather than asymmetry, and to the rectilinear rather than the curvilinear; it responded to the demands of the machine and of new material [and] the requirements of mass production".[2] During its heyday, Art Deco represented luxury, glamour, exuberance and faith in social and technological progress. §Etymology[edit] The first use of the term Art Deco has been attributed to architect Le Corbusier, who penned a series of articles in his journal L'Esprit nouveau under the headline "1925 Expo: Arts Déco". §Origins[edit] Joseph Csaky, Deux figures, 1920, relief, limestone, polychrome, 80 cm. At the 1907 Salon d'Automne in Paris, Georges Braque exhibited Viaduc à l'Estaque (a proto-Cubist work), now at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. Paul Iribe created for the couturier Paul Poiret esthetic designs that shocked the Parisian milieu with its novelty. §La Maison Cubiste (The Cubist House)[edit]

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