Vanishing of the Bees | Documentary Film By Dr. Mercola Honey bees are the angels of agriculture, but they're disappearing at a startling rate in a mysterious phenomenon dubbed Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). "CCD is one of the signs--the unmistakable signs—that our food system is unsustainable… It's destroying the conditions upon which it depends. The documentary film "Vanishing of the Bees" takes a piercing investigative look at the economic, political and ecological implications of the worldwide disappearance of the honey bee. Busy as a Bee Honey bees represent one of the matriarchies of the insect kingdom. Why are We Losing Our Bees? Scientists have investigated a number of factors to help explain CCD and have offered a variety of explanations. Queens are "Knocked Out and Knocked Up" In nature, queen bees live for up to five years, but workers and drones live for only a few weeks or months. Are Bees Victims of the Agrichemical Industry? Hives Now Show Increased Levels of Pesticide Contamination Honey: Nectar of the Gods
Pragmatism Pragmatism is a philosophical tradition that began in the United States around 1870. Pragmatism is a rejection of the idea that the function of thought is to describe, represent, or mirror reality. Instead, pragmatists consider thought to be a product of the interaction between organism and environment. Thus, the function of thought is as an instrument or tool for prediction, action, and problem solving. Pragmatists contend that most philosophical topics—such as the nature of knowledge, language, concepts, meaning, belief, and science—are all best viewed in terms of their practical uses and successes. A few of the various but interrelated positions often characteristic of philosophers working from a pragmatist approach include: Charles Sanders Peirce (and his pragmatic maxim) deserves much of the credit for pragmatism, along with later twentieth century contributors, William James and John Dewey. Pragmatism enjoyed renewed attention after W. Origins
Eric Holt Gimenez: We Already Grow Enough Food For 10 Billion People -- and Still Can't End Hunger A new a study from McGill University and the University of Minnesota published in the journal Nature compared organic and conventional yields from 66 studies and over 300 trials. Researchers found that on average, conventional systems out-yielded organic farms by 25 percent — mostly for grains, and depending on conditions. Embracing the current conventional wisdom, the authors argue for a combination of conventional and organic farming to meet “the twin challenge of feeding a growing population, with rising demand for meat and high-calorie diets, while simultaneously minimizing its global environmental impacts.” Unfortunately, neither the study nor the conventional wisdom addresses the real cause of hunger. Hunger is caused by poverty and inequality, not scarcity. In reality, the bulk of industrially-produced grain crops goes to biofuels and confined animal feedlots rather than food for the 1 billion hungry. This is why the U.N.
Personhood Personhood is the status of being a person. Defining personhood is a controversial topic in philosophy and law, and is closely tied to legal and political concepts of citizenship, equality, and liberty. According to law, only a natural person or legal personality has rights, protections, privileges, responsibilities, and legal liability. Personhood continues to be a topic of international debate, and has been questioned during the abolition of slavery and the fight for women's rights, in debates about abortion, fetal rights and reproductive rights, in animal rights activism, as well as in debates about corporate personhood. Processes through which personhood is recognized vary cross-culturally, demonstrating that notions of personhood are not universal. Overview Western Philosophy What is crucial about agents is that things matter to them. Others, such as American Philosopher Francis J. What is crucial morally is the being of a person, not his or her functioning.
Amazing Video Shows All Roads, Air, and Shipping Routes on Earth Like Never Before! We're Crawling All Over This Thing 'Welcome to the Anthropocene' is a short film produced for the Planet Under Pressure conference (see below), and at the heart of it is a beautiful animation produced by Globaïa. It shows just how much humans are changing the Earth, and how our roads and shipping lanes basically cover the whole thing. Above is the animation on its own (watch it in HD and full screen!) They're not just making stuff up to make it look good. International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme | igbp.netNaturalEarthData | naturalearthdata.comOpenStreetMap | openstreetmap.orgNational Geospatial-Intelligence Agency | .nga.milNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | noaa.govNational Aeronautics and Space Administration | nasa.govGreg's Cable Map | cablemap.info For more details, go to the very nice official website of the project: Anthropocene.info See also: Beautiful Interactive Animated Wind Map of the U.S.
Six degrees of separation Six degrees of separation. Early conceptions Shrinking world Theories on optimal design of cities, city traffic flows, neighborhoods and demographics were in vogue after World War I. As a result of this hypothesis, Karinthy's characters believed that any two individuals could be connected through at most five acquaintances. A fascinating game grew out of this discussion. This idea both directly and indirectly influenced a great deal of early thought on social networks. Small world Michael Gurevich conducted seminal work in his empirical study of the structure of social networks in his 1961 Massachusetts Institute of Technology PhD dissertation under Ithiel de Sola Pool. Mathematician Manfred Kochen, an Austrian who had been involved in urban design, extrapolated these empirical results in a mathematical manuscript, Contacts and Influences, concluding that in a U.S. Continued research: Small World Project Research Computer networks Find Satoshi
10 Lesser Known Economic Issues Politics While not an economist in the traditional sense, I am very interested in the study of economics. While not everyone shares this level of interest, I believe people should have an understanding of economics as the field is so important to understanding the world that we live in. Though this list contains ideas that are controversial, it is not intended to promote anger or controversy. Rather, these entries were chosen to shed some light on lesser known, yet important economic issues facing our world, and give readers something to ponder. Please give your opinions on these issues in the comments. Also known as the Diamond-Water Paradox, the paradox of value is the contradiction that while water is more useful, in terms of survival, than diamonds, diamonds get a higher market price. This paradox can possibly be explained by the Subjective Theory of Value, which says that worth is based on the wants and needs of a society, as opposed to value being inherent to an object.
Reductionism Descartes held that non-human animals could be reductively explained as automata — De homine, 1662. Reductionism strongly reflects a certain perspective on causality. In a reductionist framework, the phenomena that can be explained completely in terms of relations between other more fundamental phenomena, are called epiphenomena. Reductionism does not preclude the existence of what might be called emergent phenomena, but it does imply the ability to understand those phenomena completely in terms of the processes from which they are composed. Religious reductionism generally attempts to explain religion by boiling it down to certain nonreligious causes. Types Richard H. Theoretical reductionism Theoretical reduction is the process by which one theory absorbs another. Methodological reductionism Methodological reductionism is the position that the best scientific strategy is to attempt to reduce explanations to the smallest possible entities. Ontological reductionism
Learn 40 Languages for Free: Spanish, English, Chinese & More Get FREE Audio Books from Audible.com and Audiobooks.com How to learn languages for free? This collection features lessons in 48 languages, including Spanish, French, English, Mandarin, Italian, Russian and more. Amharic Foreign Service Institute Basic Amharic - Audio - TextbookLessons with dialogues, drills, exercises, and narratives will teach you the basics of this language spoken in Ethiopia. Ancient Greek Ancient Greek Introduction - Web SiteThe UT-Austin Linguistics Research Center provides an overview of Ancient Greek and 10 lessons based on famous Greek texts. Arabic Bookmark our free Arabic lessons section. Bambara Bambara in Mali - Web SiteLessons from the Peace Corps. Bulgarian Bulgarian Survival Phrases - iTunes Free - FeedForeign Service Institute Bulgarian - Web siteTwo textbooks (PDF) and 75 audio lessons (MP3). Cambodian Catalan One Minute Catalan - iTunes Free - FeedA good way to get going with a language still spoken by some 12 million people, many living in Northeast Spain. Lao
Dualism (philosophy of mind) René Descartes's illustration of dualism. Inputs are passed on by the sensory organs to the epiphysis in the brain and from there to the immaterial spirit. In philosophy of mind, dualism is the position that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical, or that the mind and body are not identical. Thus, it encompasses a set of views about the relationship between mind and matter, and is contrasted with other positions, such as physicalism, in the mind–body problem. Ontological dualism makes dual commitments about the nature of existence as it relates to mind and matter, and can be divided into three different types: Substance dualism asserts that mind and matter are fundamentally distinct kinds of substances.Property dualism suggests that the ontological distinction lies in the differences between properties of mind and matter (as in emergentism).Predicate dualism claims the irreducibility of mental predicates to physical predicates.
Ten myths about capitalism Capitalism in the neoliberal version has exhausted itself. Financial sharks do not want to lose profits, and shift the main burden of debt to the retirees and the poor. A ghost of the “European Spring” is haunting the Old World and the opponents of capitalism explain people how their lives are being destroyed. There is a well-known expression that every nation has the government it deserves. There are many ways to handle public opinion, in which the ideology of capitalism has been grounded and brought to the level of myths. Myth 1. The capitalist system will automatically provide wealth to hard-working individuals. Myth 2. Wealth, accumulated in the hands of a minority, sooner or later will be redistributed among all. Myth 3. Capitalist society has no classes, therefore the responsibility for the failures and crises also lies on all and everyone has to pay. Myth 4. True freedom is only achieved under capitalism with the help of the so-called “market self-regulation.” Myth 5. Myth 6.
Philosophy of Mind: An Overview Brains & Minds Laura Weed takes us on a tour of the mind/brain controversy. In the twentieth century philosophy of mind became one of the central areas of philosophy in the English-speaking world, and so it remains. Questions such as the relationship between mind and brain, the nature of consciousness, and how we perceive the world, have come to be seen as crucial in understanding the world. Before the mid-twentieth century, for a long time the dominant philosophical view of the mind was that put forward by Ren é Descartes (1596-1650). Confessions of a Frustrated Pharmacist by Stuart Lindsey, PharmD. (OMNS, Jan 30, 2012) When an insider breaks ranks with pharmaceutical orthodoxy, it is time to take notice. "Whistleblower" may be an overused term, but the article that follows might be well worth readers' consideration before standing in line for their next prescription refill. - Andrew W. I'm a registered pharmacist. How It Started In 1993, I graduated with a BS in Pharmaceutical Sciences from University of New Mexico. One would think that someone who is an active part of the emergency room staff might find that an interesting statistic. Pecking Order The traditional role of the pharmacist in mainstream medicine is subordinate to the doctor. The training that I received to become a PharmD motivated me to become more interested in these treatment outcomes. Wrong Drug; Wrong Disease These drugs are likely to cause magnesium deficiency, among other problems. Many doctors are recognizing there are problems with overusing PPI's, but many still don't get it. 1. 6.