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Is Free Will an Illusion? - The Chronicle Review

Is Free Will an Illusion? - The Chronicle Review
Free will has long been a fraught concept among philosophers and theologians. Now neuroscience is entering the fray. For centuries, the idea that we are the authors of our own actions, beliefs, and desires has remained central to our sense of self. We choose whom to love, what thoughts to think, which impulses to resist. Neuroscience suggests something else. What's at stake? The Chronicle Review brought together some key thinkers to discuss what science can and cannot tell us about free will, and where our conclusions might take us. Related:  à reclasser 01

A Case Study in Voodoo Genetics A new review of published studies looking at the relationship between a gene and brain structure offers a sobering lesson in how science goes wrong. Dutch neuroscientists Marc Molendijk and colleagues took all of the studies that compared a particular variant, BDNF val66met, and the volume of the human hippocampus. It's a long story, but there are various biological reasons that these two things might be correlated. It turns out that the first published reports found large genetic effects, but that ever since then, the size of the effects has dropped, with the latest studies finding no effects at all - A cumulative meta-analysis confirms that as more studies on BDNF val66met have appeared, the overall effect estimate has steadily declined - Finally, the authors found signs of publication bias: there were three small, imprecise studies that reported very large effects of the gene, but no such studies finding no effect (or a reverse effect).

micro et macrocosme (Fludd) Robert Fludd here depicts the correspondence between the Human (the Ape of Nature) and the Universe as the human is held by a Great Chain of Being from the hand of God (inside cloud). Higher levels of being descended from God's Heaven through the sphere of stars and planetary orbs to the sphere of the four elements. Humans were thought to contain essences of all other parts of the universe. Fludd was a proponent of alchemical medicine and the theory of correspondences was important to alchemical notions.

esprit et matière (Fludd) Creation, for renaissance occultist Robert Fludd, springs from the union of two opposite forces: the creative power of God impressing itself upon a receptive anti-substance he called the Hyle. The Hyle Defining the Hyle is difficult, if not impossible. Indeed, Fludd states that "it cannot be understood in isolation, nor described by itself alone, but only by analogy." It is not created, for it is the material of which created things spring. One might suggest that it is a part of God, the dark void existing in opposition to the creative power more commonly associated with God. Intersection of Hyle and God The created universe exists wholly within the union the circle and triangle. Within this intersection are the three realms of renaissance cosmology: physical, celestial and spiritual. The Tetragrammaton The unpronounceable name of God, known as the tetragrammaton, is comprised of four letters: yod, he, vau and he.

géométrie de contact (fantasy art) Webshots is introducing Smile, the next evolution of photo sharing: Upload and share as many photos as you want Create a dynamic photo stream to share with close friends and family Save a permanent archive of your family's photos Why do we believe in electrons, but not in fairies? by Benjamin Kuipers No one has directly observed either electrons or fairies. Both of them are theoretical constructs, useful to explain observations that might be difficult to explain otherwise. The "theory of fairies" can actually explain more things than the "theory of electrons". So why do we believe in electrons, but not in fairies? Is the issue a political one, where the "electron" fans got the upper hand in the nineteenth century, so by the twentieth century the "fairy" fans were a scorned and persecuted minority? No, to both. Fairies are much more free. It's always possible that there really are fairies. The scientific method is an amazing procedure for incrementally improving certain kinds of theories: those that make testable predictions. The theory of evolution is a scientific theory, because it implies a large number of specific testable claims. The theory of intelligent design could be true. The scientific method is an enormous intellectual asset to the human race.

Coming Soon: Legendary Visions: The Art of Genzoman Update: This book is in stock on Amazon US already. Images and description are from Udon: LEGENDARY VISIONS collects the breathtaking works of artist Gonzalo Ordóñez Arias, also known as Genzoman! Inside you’ll find spectacular renderings of the gods and heroes of ancient Greece, Egypt, South America, Scandinavia, Asia and more. Also included are fantastic interpretations of real life historical figures so amazing that they have become legendary themselves, such as Caribbean pirates, Japanese warriors, Middle Eastern royalty, and Egyptian pharaohs. This 208-page full-color volume will make an excellent addition to any mythology or art book aficionado’s collection! Legendary Visions: The Art of Genzoman is available at Amazon (US | CA | UK | DE | FR | IT | JP | CN) and Book Depository (USThese are the artbooks to look forward to in 2012. This list of new books will be updated at January February The Art of Urban Sketching I've this book. March

toute petite petite et moyenne section Lcole DAVID Renaud est situe dans un environnement rural, 5 kilomtres du bourg de Pointe-Noire dans la section de Mahault. Population Certaines familles sont dorigines dsiradienne et dominicaise ; Fort taux de chmage ; Familles nombreuses et monoparentales ayant peu de moyens. Constats Enfants ne sexprimant pas ou peu ; Enfants sexprimant mal oralement ; Enfants peu concentrs et peu lcoute ; Enfants ayant peu de contacts avec les crits sociaux ; Les valuations CE2 et 6montrent une certaine faiblesse des lves en mathmatiques. Causes Population en majorit crolophone qui ne fait pas la diffrence entre les deux langues ; Pauvret du vocabulaire ; Peu denfants ont de contacts avec les livres et les crits, de manire gnrale dans leurs familles ; Pas de lieu de culture proche (ex : bibliothque municipale dans le bourg) ; Les mathmatiques sont toujours utilises de manire trs scolaire sans aucun but pour les enfants. But Remdiation Permettre lenfant dagir, dchanger, dcouter les autres. Complexifier son langage.

Le refus avec un message caché — La Kabbale, la science et sens de la vie Le groupe existe uniquement dans le but de révéler le Créateur, la force qui donne et fonctionne sur nous. En adhérant à Lui, nous nous élevons au-dessus de notre existence corporelle et nous ressentons la vie éternelle qui coule dans ses flux infinis. Les corps changent d’une génération à l’autre, mais nous régulons la connexion avec l’âme et existons en elle unis pour toujours. Nous ne pouvons atteindre cela uniquement par la connexion et l’unité. Même s’il n’est pas en notre pouvoir de s’unir, la Lumière supérieure, le Créateur est celui qui nous unit, mais avec l’aide du groupe, nous pouvons découvrir le besoin, la nécessité pour cela. Nous avons besoin d’un grand désir, un grand besoin de la Lumière pour nous unir. C’est pourquoi la négativité est révélé dans le groupe: les conflits, la séparation, et l’aliénation parmi les amis. La chose principale est que l’amour n’annule pas l’ego, de sorte qu’ils grandiront ensemble de façon plus forte dans leur résistance.