Christopher Jonathan James Nolan (/ˈnoʊlən/; born 30 July 1970) is an British-American film director, screenwriter, and producer. He has created several of the most critically and commercially successful films of the early 21st century. His nine films have grossed over $4.2 billion worldwide and garnered a total of 26 Oscar nominations and seven awards. Early life Nolan was born in London. His British father, Brendan James Nolan, was an advertising executive, and his American mother, Christina (née Jensen), worked as a flight attendant and English teacher. His childhood was split between London and Chicago, and he has both British and American citizenship. He has an older brother, Matthew, and a younger brother, Jonathan. Nolan began making films at age seven, borrowing his father's Super 8 camera and shooting short films with his action figures. From the age of 11, he aspired to be a professional filmmaker. Career 1990s 2000s
George LucasGeorge Walton Lucas (born May 14, 1944) is an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and entrepreneur. He founded Lucasfilm and led the company as chairman and chief executive before selling it to The Walt Disney Company on October 30, 2012. He is best known as the creator of the space opera franchise Star Wars and the archaeologist adventurer character Indiana Jones. Lucas is one of the American film industry's most financially successful filmmakers and has been nominated for four Academy Awards. Early life and education George Lucas was born in Modesto, California, the son of Dorothy Ellinore Lucas (née Bomberger; 1913–1989) and George Walton Lucas, Sr. (1913–1991), who owned a stationery store. After graduating with a bachelor of fine arts in film in 1967, he tried joining the United States Air Force as an officer, but he was immediately turned down because of his numerous speeding tickets. Film career Lucas at the Venice Film Festival in 2009.
Steve McQueen (director)McQueen was born in London and is of Grenadian descent. He grew up in Hanwell, West London and went to Drayton Manor High School. In a 2014 interview, McQueen stated that he had a very bad experience in school, where he had been placed into a class for students believed best suited "for manual labour, more plumbers and builders, stuff like that." Later, the new head of the school would admit that there had been "institutional" racism at the time. McQueen added that he was dyslexic and had to wear an eyepatch due to a lazy eye, and reflected this may be why he was "put to one side very quickly". He was a keen football player, turning out for the St. Bear (1993) was McQueen's first major film, presented at the Royal College of Art in London. Five Easy Pieces (1995) is a short film by McQueen. Just Above My Head (1996) is a short film which shares close ties with McQueen's preceding film with the key theme of walking. Brockington, Horace.
accueil »Gioachino RossiniGioachino Rossini, photographed by Étienne Carjat, 1865 Gioachino Antonio Rossini (Italian: [d͡ʒoaˈkiːno anˈtɔːnjo rosˈsiːni]; 29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as sacred music, chamber music, songs, and some instrumental and piano pieces. Until his retirement in 1829, Rossini had been the most popular opera composer in history. Biography Give me the laundress' bill and I will set to music even that. Early life Gioachino Antonio Rossini was born into a family of musicians in Pesaro, a town on the Adriatic coast of Italy which was then part of the Papal States. Rossini's father was sympathetic to the French Revolution and welcomed Napoleon's troops when they arrived in northern Italy. He remained at Bologna in the care of a pork butcher while his father played the horn in the orchestras of the theatres at which his wife sang. Education He was eventually taken from Prinetti and apprenticed to a blacksmith.
Pi (1998David O. RussellThree of Russell's most recent films were critically acclaimed and commercial hits: The Fighter (2010), Silver Linings Playbook (2012), and American Hustle (2013). These films have earned Russell three Academy Award nominations for Best Director, as well as a Best Adapted Screenplay nomination for Silver Linings Playbook and a Best Original Screenplay nomination for American Hustle. Early life Russell was born in New York City to Maria (née Muzio) and Bernard (Markovski) Russell. Russell received his A.B. degree from Amherst College, where he majored in English and Politics, in 1981. He wrote his senior thesis on the United States intervention in Chile from 1963 to 1973. Career Early career Russell directed a documentary about Panamanian immigrants in Boston, which led to a job as a production assistant on a PBS series called Smithsonian World. Spanking the Monkey Flirting with Disaster Three Kings I Heart Huckabees
IL ÉTAIT UNE FOIS Memento, de Christopher Nolan [Dossier]C'est l'histoire d'un film d'exception, un film qui s'affranchit de toutes les règles de narration, un film renversant qui a porté plus d'un cerveau à ébullition. Il s'agit du second long-métrage d'un réalisateur britannique qui deviendra par la suite un poids lourd à Hollywood. À la fois révolutionnaire et fondateur, "Memento" ne laisse personne indifférent. Mais quelle est son histoire, son message ? Dans quel contexte a-t-il été écrit et réalisé ? Une histoire de famille… L'histoire commence en 1996, au mois de juillet. Le puzzle "Memento"… On pourrait résumer le génie narratif de Christopher Nolan par une seule de ses idées. En réalité, il ne s'agit pas simplement de raconter l'histoire de manière anti-chronologique. C'est en grande partie la manière dont il est construit qui fait de "Memento" un grand film, un film qu'il faut avoir vu pour se prévaloir d'une quelconque culture cinématographique. On touche ici à une nouvelle particularité du cinéma de Nolan. L'ouverture… La jonction…
The Barber of SevilleRossini's Barber has proven to be one of the greatest masterpieces of comedy within music, and has been described as the opera buffa of all "opere buffe". Even after two hundred years, its popularity on the modern opera stage attests to that greatness. Composition history Rossini's opera recounts the first of the plays from the Figaro trilogy, by French playwright Pierre Beaumarchais, while Mozart's opera Le nozze di Figaro, composed 30 years earlier in 1786, is based on the second part of the Beaumarchais trilogy. The first Beaumarchais play was originally conceived as an opéra comique, but was rejected as such by the Comédie-Italienne. The play as it is now known was premiered in 1775 by the Comédie-Française at the Tuileries Palace in Paris. Rossini was well known for being remarkably productive, completing an average of two operas per year for 19 years, and in some years writing as many as four. Performance history Roles Figaro Synopsis Act 1 Notes
Hugo (2011)Paul SchraderSchrader's upbringing and critical writing Schrader was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, the son of Joan (née Fisher) and Charles A. Schrader, an executive. Schrader's family practiced in the Calvinist Christian Reformed Church, and his early life was based upon the religion's strict principles and parental education. He did not see a film until he was seventeen years old, and was able to sneak away from home. In an interview he stated that The Absent-Minded Professor was the first film he saw. The September–October 2006 issue of Film Comment magazine published his essay Canon Fodder which attempted to establish criteria for judging film masterworks. Other film-makers who made a lasting impression on Schrader are John Ford, Jean Renoir, Roberto Rossellini, Alfred Hitchcock and Sam Peckinpah. Film career In 1999, Schrader received the Laurel Award for Screenwriting Achievement from the Writers Guild of America. Theatre career Themes Filmography
Christopher Nolan: "On ne laisse plus le choix aux artistes"Quelle était l’idée de départ d’Interstellar ? Christopher Nolan – Mon frère avait écrit le scénario, Steven Spielberg devait le tourner, ça ne s’est pas produit. Je l’ai récupéré et je l’ai combiné avec un autre de mes scénarios. D’où vient votre intérêt pour la conquête spatiale ? J’ai grandi à une époque où les programmes spatiaux étaient encore très actifs. Outre Star Wars, quelles sont les oeuvres de SF qui ont compté pour vous ? Plus des films que des livres. Pourriez-vous être plus précis sur 2001 : quels souvenirs gardez-vous de la première vision ? Je l’ai vu avec mon père et mon grand frère. La poussière, justement, est une référence au “Dust Bowl”, fameuse série de tempêtes qui toucha les Etats-Unis dans les années 30, mais c’est aussi une métaphore du temps qui se dépose… Pensez-vous qu’on soit amené à revivre le passé ? >> A lire aussi : Interstellar, le blockbuster visionnaire et cérébral de Christopher Nolan L’écologie vous sensibilise-t-elle ? Pas autant que je devrais.