Outline of communication Outline of communication From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Communication – purposeful activity of exchanging information and meaning across space and time using various technical or natural means, whichever is available or preferred. Contents [hide] Essence of communication Branches of communication Fields of communication Theories, schools, and approaches History of communication History of communication General communication concepts Types of communication General topics of communication Communication industries and media vocations General communication terms Communication scholars See also References External links Retrieved from " Categories: Hidden categories: Navigation menu Personal tools Namespaces Variants Views More Navigation Interaction Tools Print/export Languages العربية Edit links This page was last modified on 16 January 2015, at 07:14.
9 Types of Mnemonics for Better Memory Mnemonics are memory devices that help learners recall larger pieces of information, especially in the form of lists like characteristics, steps, stages, parts, phases, etc. We knew back in 1967 from a study by Gerald R. Miller that mnemonics increased recall. He found that students who regularly used mnemonic devices increased test scores up to 77%! Many types of mnemonics exist and which type works best is limited only by the imagination of each individual learner. Music Mnemonics How many lyrics to songs do you remember? The topic used here is from How To Study In College (3rd edition) by Walter Pauk, pages 292 300. Image Mnemonics The information in an Image Mnemonic is constructed in the form of a picture that promotes recall of information when you need it. Another Connection Mnemonic is related to sound. Wanna' Practice? Get some classmates or friends together and practice making mnemonics using the lists provided below.
Scotopic sensitivity syndrome Scotopic sensitivity syndrome (SSS), also known as Visual Stress, Irlen Syndrome, and Asfedia, is a condition relating to the interaction of the central nervous system and the eyes at a physiological level with light. The effects of SSS are most noticeable during activities associated with reading, but an individual with the condition may notice the condition's effects in other activities. The exact cause of SSS is currently under debate within the scientific community. In addition, the scientific community has not reached a consensus on the most efficient method for treating the condition. However, in a joint statement, The American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus and American Association of Certified Orthoptists firmly repudiated the use of lenses for treating SSS, stating that there was no scientific evidence supporting their use. History Research Brain studies Theory
Memory, Mnemonics and Mnemonic Techniques from MindTools.com © VeerPRZEMYSLAW PRZYBYLSKI Use these techniques to improve your memory. The tools in this section help you to improve your memory. They help you both to remember facts accurately and to remember the structure of information. The tools are split into two sections. As with other mind tools, the more practice you give yourself with these techniques, the more effectively you will use them. Mnemonics 'Mnemonic' is another word for memory tool. The idea behind using mnemonics is to encode difficult-to-remember information in a way that is much easier to remember. Our brains evolved to code and interpret complex stimuli such as images, colors, structures, sounds, smells, tastes, touch, positions, emotions and language. Unfortunately, a lot of the information we have to remember in modern life is presented differently – as words printed on a page. This section of Mind Tools shows you how to use all the memory resources available to you to remember information in a highly efficient way.
Cognitive map Overview Cognitive maps serve the construction and accumulation of spatial knowledge, allowing the "mind's eye" to visualize images in order to reduce cognitive load, enhance recall and learning of information. This type of spatial thinking can also be used as a metaphor for non-spatial tasks, where people performing non-spatial tasks involving memory and imaging use spatial knowledge to aid in processing the task. The neural correlates of a cognitive map have been speculated to be the place cell system in the hippocampus and the recently discovered grid cells in the entorhinal cortex. Neurological basis Cognitive mapping is believed to largely be a function of the hippocampus. Numerous studies by O'Keefe have implicated the involvement of place cells. Parallel map theory Generation The cognitive map is generated from a number of sources, both from the visual system and elsewhere. History The idea of a cognitive map was first developed by Edward C.
Quintilian Marcus Fabius Quintilianus (c. 35 – c. 100) was a Roman rhetorician from Hispania, widely referred to in medieval schools of rhetoric and in Renaissance writing. In English translation, he is usually referred to as Quintilian, although the alternate spellings of Quintillian and Quinctilian are occasionally seen, the latter in older texts. Life Sometime after Afer's death, Quintilian returned to Spain, possibly to practice law in the courts of his own province. However, in 68, he returned to Rome as part of the retinue of Emperor Galba, Nero's short-lived successor. Quintilian does not appear to have been a close advisor of the Emperor, which probably ensured his survival after the assassination of Galba in 69. After Galba's death, and during the chaotic Year of the Four Emperors which followed, Quintilian opened a public school of rhetoric. Of his personal life, little is known. Quintilian retired from teaching and pleading in 88, during the reign of Domitian. Works P.
History of writing The history of writing is primarily the development of expressing language by letters or other marks and also the study and description of these developments. In the history of how systems of representation of language through graphic means have evolved in different human civilizations, more complete writing systems were preceded by proto-writing, systems of ideographic and/or early mnemonic symbols. True writing, in which the content of a linguistic utterance is encoded so that another reader can reconstruct, with a fair degree of accuracy, the exact utterance written down[A 1] is a later development. It is distinguished from proto-writing which typically avoids encoding grammatical words and affixes, making it more difficult or impossible to reconstruct the exact meaning intended by the writer unless a great deal of context is already known in advance. Inventions of Writing Writing numbers for the purpose of record keeping began long before the writing of language. Main General
r19bn-sa-oil-hub-in-the-pipeline-1 Two new single-buoy moorings (SBMs), similar in style to Saprefs SBM off the south Durban coast (pictured), are being planned as part of a R19 billion oil and petro-chemical hub project near Richards Bay by Phangela Storage Farm (Pty) Ltd. The SBMs and hub would service the international and regional market. Durban - A R19 billion project involving the development of two offshore single buoy moorings (SBM), to be used by giant oil supertankers, is on the cards for the Zululand coast, south of Richards Bay. The twin reversible offshore mooring project is being developed and driven by Phangela Storage Farm and will be linked to a tank farm near Port Durnford station, about 26km from the port of Richards Bay. The major project involves a 2 million cubic-metre liquid bulk storage and through-put hub. The activities include the import and export of crude oil and handling of petroleum-related products, bulk liquid petrochemicals, bulk liquid fertilisers, LPG and bitumen.
Phonogram (linguistics) A phonogram is a grapheme (written character) which represents a phoneme (speech sound) or combination of phonemes, such as the letters of the Latin alphabet or the Japanese kana. For example, "igh" is an English-language phonogram that represents the hard "I" sound in "high". Whereas the word phonemes refers to the sounds, the word phonogram refers to the letter(s) that represent that sound.
PetroSA Said to Consider Buying Petronas’ Stake in Engen PetroSA, South Africa’s state-owned oil company, is considering buying the controlling stake in Engen, the country’s biggest fuel retailer, now held by Malaysia’s government, according to two people with knowledge of an announcement made to Engen staff. Petroliam Nasional Bhd., Malaysia’s state oil company known as Petronas, holds 80 percent of Engen with Pembani Group Ltd., a private equity firm based in Johannesburg, owning the rest. South Africa’s oil industry had sales of 267 billion rand ($27 billion) in 2011, according to the South African Petroleum Industry Association. PetroSA, which is based in Cape Town, will conduct a due diligence process that will take three to six months before a decision on the acquisition is made, the people said, citing Datuk Ahmad Nizam Salleh, Engen’s CEO, who addressed staff on July 15 . Tania Landsberg, a spokeswoman for Engen, declined to comment. “There will be a lot of value for PetroSA to do the deal,” Van der Waal said.
Dyscalculia Dyscalculia is difficulty in learning or comprehending arithmetic, such as difficulty in understanding numbers, learning how to manipulate numbers, and learning math facts. It is generally seen as a specific developmental disorder like dyslexia. Dyscalculia can occur in people from across the whole IQ range, often, but not always, involving difficulties with time, measurement, and spatial reasoning. Estimates of the prevalence of dyscalculia range between 3 and 6% of the population. A quarter of children with dyscalculia have ADHD. Mathematical disabilities can occur as the result of some types of brain injury, in which case the proper term is acalculia, to distinguish it from dyscalculia which is of innate, genetic or developmental origin. Dyscalculia has been associated with females who have Turner's Syndrome. History Etymology The term dyscalculia dates back to at least 1949. Dyscalculia comes from Greek and Latin which means: "counting badly".
Printed Publications - Humane Slaughter Association The HSA produces a wide range of printed publications, many of which are available to download free of charge. Some of the HSA publications form part of a series. The Guidance Notes series is aimed at managers at establishments where animals are handled, slaughtered or killed and provides detailed information on the theory and practical use of specific methods and equipment. The Best Practice Guidelines series provides guidance for those involved in implementing best industrial practices for management, lairage handling, stunning and killing of animals in abattoirs. This series may be used to assist development of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). Theoretical aspects are not covered in this series. Publications within the Technical Notes series provide detailed information on specific technical topics. Navigate by species to find the publications best suited to your needs. Cattle, Sheep & Goats, and Pigs Poultry Fish Other Species Back to top
Grapheme The word grapheme is derived from Greek γράφω gráphō ("write"), and the suffix -eme, by analogy with phoneme and other names of emic units. The study of graphemes is called graphemics. Notation Graphemes are often notated within angle brackets, as 〈a〉, 〈B〉, etc. This is analogous to the slash notation (/a/, /b/) used for phonemes, and the square bracket notation used for phonetic transcriptions ([a], [b]). Glyphs and allographs For example, in written English (or other languages using the Latin alphabet), there are many different physical representations of the lowercase letter "a", such as a, ɑ, etc. Types of graphemes The principal types of phonographic graphemes are logograms, which represent words or morphemes (for example Chinese characters, the ampersand & representing the English word and, Arabic numerals); syllabic characters, representing syllables (as in Japanese kana); and alphabetic letters, corresponding roughly to phonemes (see next section).
Sufism Sufism (or taṣawwuf; Arabic: الصوفية) is a branch of Islam, defined by adherents as the inner, mystical dimension of Islam; others contend that it is a perennial philosophy of existence that pre-dates religion, the expression of which flowered within Islam. Its essence has also been expressed via other religions and metareligious phenomena. A practitioner of this tradition is generally known as a ṣūfī (صُوفِيّ). Sufis believe they are practicing ihsan (perfection of worship) as revealed by Gabriel to Muhammad: "Worship and serve Allah as you are seeing Him and while you see Him not yet truly He sees you". Sufis consider themselves as the original true proponents of this pure original form of Islam. Sufism is opposed by Wahhabi and Salafist Muslims. Classical Sufis were characterised by their attachment to dhikr, (a practice of repeating the names of God, often performed after prayers) and asceticism. Etymology Two origins of the word sufi have been suggested.